Flashcards in Essential Units 29-35 Deck (62):
Based on the attitude that ones group is superior.
Causes or origins
The etiology of mental illness is complex because of the diversity of factors- social, biological, genetic, and psychological- that contribute to many disorders.
Origin and history of a word
Study of factors that influence the hereditary qualities of the human race and ways to improve these qualities
Science fiction books create worlds where military eugenics create super humans.
High praise, especially of a person who has recently died
Use of agreeable or inoffensive language in place of unpleasant or offensive language.
A few extra points
skill or eloquence in public speaking: The evangelist moved thousands to repentance with his oratory.
the art of public speaking, especially in a formal and eloquent manner.
A feeling of extreme happiness
To show plainly; be an indication of
The student's response to the teachers question evinced his ignorance of the subject.
Tending to call to mind or produce a reaction
Mr. Maughams short stories are often evocative of exotic places such as Pago-Pago and Gibraltar
To evoke (v)
To aggravate; make worse
He exacerbated the problem
To force the payment of; demand and obtain by authority
The conquering rulers exacted a tax of 10% from every adult make in the country
To clear of blame; vindicate
The report Exculpate the FBI of any wrongdoing in it's handling of the investigation.
When folk artists such as bob Dylan began to use rock instruments, many folk music traditionalists considered it an execrable travesty.
To urge by strong appeals
Crisis; urgent requirements
Astronauts must be prepared for exigencies such as damage to their spacecrafts life support system.
Have to do with existence; based in experience; have to do with the philosophy of existentialism
To expel evil spirits; free from bad influences
To speak or write at length
Every year the book club invites a famous author to come to expatiate on the art of writing.
To send into exile
To atone for
The pilgrims undertook their long journey to expiate their sins
Expiation is the noun
To explain; interpret; clarify
The literature exam requires students to explicate three poems they studied in class and one they have not studied.
Explication is the noun
There no one model of expository prose that student can emulate, since each piece of good writing is unique.
In existence; not lost
Unfortunately for Bible scholars, there are no extant writings of Jesus Christ.
I enjoyed the speaker's extemporaneous remarks.
To root up; to destroy
The new federal prosecutor promised voters that he would extirpate corruption in the state.
The encyclopedia editors worked hard to cut out extraneous material so that readers could find information easily on a given subject.
The act of estimation by projecting known information
The economists extrapolation suggests that the economy will grow in the next 4 years.
The verb is extrapolate
Not inherent or essential
The experiment is designed to exclude factors that are extrinsic to the phenomenon.
The comedians facetious comments about prominent politicians kept the audience amused.
To make less difficult
The internet- together with the availability of relatively inexpensive personal computers- has greatly facilitated the ability of ordinary people to conveniently exchange information.
A person who does all sorts of work; a handyman
Based on a false idea or fact; misleading
The belief of the Nazis that they could create a "master race" was based on the fallacious premise that some races are inherently superior to others.
Plowed but not sowed; uncultivated
At the beginning of each school year the teacher looks out at the new students and thinks of a fallow field, ready to be cultivated.
The student could not understand why no one took seriously his fatuous comments.
animals of a period or region
Seeking favor by flattering
The boss has a reputation for hiring fawning employees.
Suitably expressed; appropriate; well-chosen
The Gettysburg Address is full of felicitous phrases such as "government of the people, by the people, and for the people."
Existing in a wild or untamed state
Warmth and and intensity of emotion
American soldiers were welcomed back to the USA with fervor after the end of world war 2.
Fervent (adj) full of strong emotion
An fun short trip
To handle with a deceptive or evasive strategy; to use finesse, that is, refinement in performance
Engineers decided that the problem could be finessed by using lighter materials.
Geologist measure the width of the fissure regularly to monitor movement of the Earth's plates in the area.
To droop; grow weak
Noticing that the students's attention was flagging, the professor gave them a short break.
The coach said that some of the team's fledglings would play in Saturdays game.
Plants of a region or era
Having a bad smell
Many people find the smell of certain cheese fetid.
To bind; confine
The poet William Blake believed that each person creates "mind-forged manacles," fettering his or her natural instincts and spirit.
The noun fetter means something that's restricts or restrains
The adjective fettered means bound or confined.
Arbitrary order; authorization
The dictator rules almost entirely by flat
Loyalty; exact correspondence
Monks joining the Franciscan Order pledge fidelity to the ideals and rules of the Order
Use of objective tactics in a legislature to block passage of a law.
The senator threatened that his filibuster would include a full reading of his eight-volume autobiography.
Ruddy; reddish: flowery
very fancy or too fancy
having a red or reddish color
As he grew older, the novelist eschewed the florid, ostentatious style of his youth in favor of a more direct and sparse style.
a florid, gilded mirror that took up most of the wall
gave a florid speech in honor of the queen's visit
Origin: Latin floridus blooming, flowery, from florēre.
An embellishment or ornamentation
The sophists often gave interminable speeches full of rhetorical flourishes.
Flourishing is also a verb meaning to grow vigorously, or to thrive.
To treat scornfully
to break or ignore (a law, rule, etc.) without hiding what you are doing or showing fear or shame
In his book Poetic Meter and Poetic Form, the distinguished literary critic Paul Fussel discusses the dangers poets face when they flout poetic conventions.
Flowing; a continuous moving
In some cultures, time is conceptualized as a flux moving in one direction.
To incite; arouse
to cause or try to cause the growth or development of (something bad or harmful)
The government accused the newspaper of tormenting unrest in the country.
the quality of someone who is patient and able to deal with a difficult person or situation without becoming angry
The president warned that great courage and forbearance would be required to see the war through to a successful conclusion.
To prevent; delay
The government took steps to forestall an economic downturn by increasing government spending.
By the middle of the nineteenth century the United States had become a formidable economic and military power.
When she became a U.S. citizen, Julia forswore allegiance to all other countries and pledged to defend the United States if called upon to do so.