What code governs psychological research ethics in Australia?
The National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research
What are the 3 things researchers must do?
- Treat human research participants with respect and in a way that maintains their rights and dignity
- Care for the welfare of animals when they are the subject of research
- Be scrupulously honest in the collection and treatment of data
What is the difference between anonymity and confidentiality for participants in research studies?
Anonymity means that the information given can not be linked to the participant.
Confidentiality means that the information can be linked to a participant but has been de-identified.
Anonymity makes it difficult for a participant to withdraw their data from a study.
What is the code that governs animal research in Australia?
The Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes
What are the 2 major types of scientific fraud?
What are the 4 principles in ethical research
Beneficence: do the outcomes justify the risks?
Autonomy: respecting the free will and rights of informed consent, deception
Justice: quite, fairness in recovering the benefits of research as well as burdens of accepting risks
Confidentiality: safeguards client/participants information
What is risk?
A potential for harm, discomfort or inconvenience. The likelihood a harm will occur, and the severity of that harm, including its consequences.
What are the types of risks?
Stress (Psychological Harm)
Loss of Privacy and Confidentiality
What are the benefits of participating in research?
Treatment for psyc or medical condition
Material benefits (incentives)
Benefits to society at large (beneficence)
Define DEONTOLOGY and UTILITARIANISM and explain the difference between them
Utilitarianism is concerned with the most good for the most amount of people as an outcome. A critique of it is that sometime outcomes are difficult to predict precisely especially over time, and that any number of acts could be justified through this reasoning.
Deontology focuses on the intrinsic ethical value of an act in and of itself.
Utilitarianism focuses on the OUTCOME whereas deontology focuses on the ACT