Research Flashcards Preview

PSYC 5132 > Research > Flashcards

Flashcards in Research Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
1

Describe the SCIENTIST-PRACTITIONER model

Scientific research is used to inform practice and practice is investigated through scientific research

2

Describe the 5 the non-scientific ways of knowing.

Tenacity - superstition or habit

Intuition - not based on reasoning or inference. Eg. a gut feeling

Authority - perceived experts or respected sources

Rationalism - reasoning and inference based on what you think you already know plus new information

Experience/Empiricism - learning by doing/seeing/feeling, observing phenomena. This is susceptible to the availability heuristic

3

What is the AVAILABILITY HEURISTIC?

Relying on information that is easy to recall because it is readily available or somehow unusual and therefore memorable

4

What are the 8 aspects of GOOD scientific research?

- Informed by the work of others
- Replicable
- Generaliseable to other settings
- Based on logical rationale and theory
- Doable
- generates NEW questions
- Incremental
- is an apolitical activity (as much as it can be)

5

What is FALSIFICATION?

The act of showing a hypothesis to be false. A good hypothesis/research question should be able to be shown to be false (falsified).

6

What are 4 goals of the scientific method?

Describe
Predict
Explain
Determine cause

7

What are the two approaches to research in psychology?

Basic and Applied research

8

What are 4 aspects of BASIC RESEARCH?

Attempts to answer fundamental questions on how the world works. Eg. Cognition, emotion, motivation, personality etc

Arises from curiosity, there isn’t a specific application in mind

High levels of control

Emphasis on supporting or refuting theories

9

What are 2 aspects of APPLIED RESEARCH?

Address practical problems and potential solutions

Less control as they take place on the real world

10

What does a capital N stand for?

Total participants in a study

11

What does a lowercase, italicised ‘n’ stand for?

Total participants in group

12

List the 4 types of NON EXPERIMENTAL research design

Descriptive
Historical
Qualitative
Correlational

13

What is DESCRIPTIVE research?

It describes or aims to get an accurate picture of a particular situation without interventions (“as it stands”)

It serves as a base for future studies

14

What is HISTORICAL research?

Utilities pervious research and data already collected to investigate a phenomena

15

What is QUALITATIVE RESEARCH?

Looks at non-quantitative results.

Is interested in behaviour in larger contexts such as social, cultural and political

16

What is CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH?

Investigated relationships between selected variables

Helps to predict another event

17

What is a NEGATIVE CORRELATION?

When one variable increases the other decreases.

The closer the correlation co-efficient (r) is to -1 the stronger the negative correlation

18

What is a POSITIVE CORRELATION?

As one variable increases so does the other.

The closer the correlation co-efficient (r) is to 1, the stronger the positive correlation

19

What are the 3 features of a TRUE EXPERIMENT?

Participants are able to be RANDOMLY assigned to groups

The independent variable (or ‘treatment’) is controlled by the researcher

There is control over potential causes of behaviour (extraneous variables?)

20

What are the 2 features of a QUASI EXPERIMENT?

Participants cannot be randomly assigned to groups. The groups are naturally occurring.

They are useful when you cannot control the variable

21

What is an INDEPENDENT VARIABLE?

x

22

What is a DEPENDENT VARIABLE?

x

23

What is a CONTROLLED VARIABLE?

X

24

What is an EXTRANEOUS VARIABLE?

x

25

What is a MODERATOR VARIABLE?

x

26

What is a MEDIATOR VARIABLE?

x

27

Describe a BETWEEN SUBJECTS research design

aka Independent Samples

Each group is subject to only one level of each independent variable

Eg. placebo VS treatment

28

Describe a WITHIN SUBJECTS research design

aka Repeated Measures

All participants are subjected to both levels of the independent variable (eg. placebo & treatment)

This occurs over time

29

What is a NULL HYPOTHESIS and why is it important?

H(0)

That there is no relationship between the variables you are investigating

30

What is a HYPOTHESIS and what are it’s 6 features?

H(A) or H(1)

If/then statements of what you expect to see based on your preliminary research and literature review (theoretical framework)

- Falsifiable
- Brief
- Statement
- Past Tense
- Describe expected relationship
- can be directional or non-directional