Flashcards in Ethology/body Language Deck (55):
When a dog focuses his weight in the back, what can this imply?
Aggressive,curious, angry suspicious
If a dogs body weight is backwards, what does that imply?
Threatened, anxious, ready to run
If a dogs body is loose, what does this imply?
If a dogs body is tight, what does this imply?
Stressed, frightened, angry, aggressive
If a dogs body is forward, Tight, ears up, tail high, what does this imply?
About to aggress
What does BEET stand for when looking for main areas to look for body language signals?
What does expression include?
Eyes, muzzle, nostrils, whiskers, comisher etc.
What is an agonistic pucker?
Pursed, tight lips as if you are mad at something
What does a forward wisker bed indicate?
An intent to approach and may turn into an agonistic pucker or a snarl
What does a tongue flick indicate?
Conflict, stress, over arousal
What does dilated pupils indicate?
What does tight to head ears indicate?
What does half-mast or pinned back ears indicate?
What does forward ears indicate?
Alert, or coming forward, confidence
When trying to read tails, what are the three first things to look for?
Angle- midline, raised above spine, or tucked
What does a raised/flagged tail indicate?
Confidence, forward motion
What does a midline tail indicate?
Neutrality, friendly relaxed internal state
What does a tucked tail indicate?
Insecurity or fear, frustration, approach avoidance conflict
What does a happy wag look like?
No body tension, loose rear end, propelled, broad circular motion
A fast wagging tail in the presence of a potential threat indicates what?
An aroused dog with a fast wagging tail indicates?
The potential to lunge forward
What is a never to be trusted tail set?
High, tight tail with a short arch fast wag
A slow wag at midline indicates what?
Ready for friendly interaction
What are the 10 distance decreasing signals, affiliative behaviors and greeting behaviors?
3:Approaching with a wiggly curved body,
4:Presentation of a wiggly rear end,
6:Loose tail wag
7: Head press
8: Hip nudge
10:Nose to nose touching
What are appeasement behaviors?
Calming signals, or distance increasing behaviors to stop an aggressive or scary behavior.
What are the 8 appeasement behaviors?
Pawing (to push away), puppy like licking, inguinal twist, submissive grin, obnoxious submission, rolling on the ground, submissive urination, repeated, extended muzzle nudging and licking
What are the 8 dramatic distance increasing signals for fear aggression?
6: agonistic pucker
7: intense stares
8: height seeking postures
What are the 9 subtle distance increasing signals?
Displacement behaviors: Yawning, scratching, grooming, URL-genital check, sniffing, stretching, rapid blinking, whale eyes,and a head turn, shaking off
What are the three categories of emotional/ behavioral signals?
Distance increasing, distance decreasing, and stress
What are the 9 mild to moderate stress signals?
Nose lick, yawning, scratching, shaking, weird grooming, head turns, avoidance, rapid blinking, fast panting
What does a dog with tight ears, panting with a wide tongue, and with tension ridges in his face indicate?
In simple terms what does shaking indicate?
Whatever happens before was stressful, good or bad
What should you do if your dog is exhibiting mild signs of stress?
Interrupted, redirected for good behavior, and rewarded
What are the ten extreme distress signals?
Arched back, shedding hair/dander, stiff or braced legs, whale eyes, dilated pupil, hard eyes, sweaty paws, trembling, and tucked tail
What is intraspecific aggression?
What is interspacific aggression? What is the most frequent cause?
Fear or distrust
Which type of aggression is Different than most behaviors, silent, stalking, chasing, grabbing biting, killing, and ALWAYS for consumption or the reinforcement of killing?
What are key signs of territorial aggression? And where do they most likely occur?
Barking, marking, scratching, fence fighting,
Urination at doorways, gates, fences, etc.
How long after ovulation does a dog produce puppies?
Nesting, cleaning behaviors (eating placenta and after birth, stimulating urination and dedication, cleaning neat by eating poop, etc.), social instruction/correction to her puppies, and aggression towards humans are typical signs of what behavior?
Not removing the fetal membrane, insufficient nursing, ignoring puppy, accidentally eating puppy while eating after birth are what type of behaviors?
Abnormal maternal behaviors
What is pseudopregnancy?
When a dog acts like she's pregnant but isn't
What is PICA?
Abnormal eating of non edible substances.
What is coprophagia?
When a dog eats poop
Where does house spoiling usually present?
Anywhere but most likely in the room where there's no interaction with dog
Where does marking usually present?
Corners, edges, doorways and thresholds, from both male and female and both urine and feces
When a dog urinates and or deficates in confinement, this is a typical sign of
In the stages if fear, what is freeze?
Inhibitory response of a low level or distance threat
In the stages of fear, flight is?
Excitatory response from high level or close proximity stimuli
In the three stages of fear, fight is?
When the dog feels there's no other option, such as flight is blocked.
Is fear learned or unlearned?
How is anxiety different then fear?
Fear is normal, acute, temporary, and specific
Anxiety is a chronic issue produced by non specific apprehension, persistent sympathetic arousal, and vigilance
What is a phobia? And what are the key elements?
Excellent fear towards a specific stimuli, medically predisposed, and rarely respond to training
Signs of anxiety, stress, panic, frustration, pacing, drooling, refusal of food, abnormal elimination, vocalization, digging, chewing at exit points, and extreme escape. Behaviors are signs of?