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Flashcards in Ethology/body Language Deck (55):
1

When a dog focuses his weight in the back, what can this imply?

Aggressive,curious, angry suspicious

2

If a dogs body weight is backwards, what does that imply?

Threatened, anxious, ready to run

3

If a dogs body is loose, what does this imply?

Playful

4

If a dogs body is tight, what does this imply?

Stressed, frightened, angry, aggressive

5

If a dogs body is forward, Tight, ears up, tail high, what does this imply?

About to aggress

6

What does BEET stand for when looking for main areas to look for body language signals?

Body Tension
Expression
Ears
Tail

7

What does expression include?

Eyes, muzzle, nostrils, whiskers, comisher etc.

8

What is an agonistic pucker?

Pursed, tight lips as if you are mad at something

9

What does a forward wisker bed indicate?

An intent to approach and may turn into an agonistic pucker or a snarl

10

What does a tongue flick indicate?

Conflict, stress, over arousal

11

What does dilated pupils indicate?

Arousal

12

What does tight to head ears indicate?

Anxiety

13

What does half-mast or pinned back ears indicate?

Worry

14

What does forward ears indicate?

Alert, or coming forward, confidence

15

When trying to read tails, what are the three first things to look for?

Angle- midline, raised above spine, or tucked

16

What does a raised/flagged tail indicate?

Confidence, forward motion

17

What does a midline tail indicate?

Neutrality, friendly relaxed internal state

18

What does a tucked tail indicate?

Insecurity or fear, frustration, approach avoidance conflict

19

What does a happy wag look like?

No body tension, loose rear end, propelled, broad circular motion

20

A fast wagging tail in the presence of a potential threat indicates what?

Suspicion

21

An aroused dog with a fast wagging tail indicates?

The potential to lunge forward

22

What is a never to be trusted tail set?

High, tight tail with a short arch fast wag

23

A slow wag at midline indicates what?

Ready for friendly interaction

24

What are the 10 distance decreasing signals, affiliative behaviors and greeting behaviors?

1:Pawing,
2:Greeting behaviors,
3:Approaching with a wiggly curved body,
4:Presentation of a wiggly rear end,
5:Play bow
6:Loose tail wag
7: Head press
8: Hip nudge
9:Inguinal sniffs
10:Nose to nose touching

25

What are appeasement behaviors?

Calming signals, or distance increasing behaviors to stop an aggressive or scary behavior.

26

What are the 8 appeasement behaviors?

Pawing (to push away), puppy like licking, inguinal twist, submissive grin, obnoxious submission, rolling on the ground, submissive urination, repeated, extended muzzle nudging and licking

27

What are the 8 dramatic distance increasing signals for fear aggression?

1: barking
2: snarling
3: lunging
4: snapping
5: growling
6: agonistic pucker
7: intense stares
8: height seeking postures

28

What are the 9 subtle distance increasing signals?

Displacement behaviors: Yawning, scratching, grooming, URL-genital check, sniffing, stretching, rapid blinking, whale eyes,and a head turn, shaking off

29

What are the three categories of emotional/ behavioral signals?

Distance increasing, distance decreasing, and stress

30

What are the 9 mild to moderate stress signals?

Nose lick, yawning, scratching, shaking, weird grooming, head turns, avoidance, rapid blinking, fast panting

31

What does a dog with tight ears, panting with a wide tongue, and with tension ridges in his face indicate?

Stress

32

In simple terms what does shaking indicate?

Whatever happens before was stressful, good or bad

33

What should you do if your dog is exhibiting mild signs of stress?

Interrupted, redirected for good behavior, and rewarded

34

What are the ten extreme distress signals?

Arched back, shedding hair/dander, stiff or braced legs, whale eyes, dilated pupil, hard eyes, sweaty paws, trembling, and tucked tail

35

What is intraspecific aggression?

Dog/dog

36

What is interspacific aggression? What is the most frequent cause?

Dog/human

Fear or distrust

37

Which type of aggression is Different than most behaviors, silent, stalking, chasing, grabbing biting, killing, and ALWAYS for consumption or the reinforcement of killing?

Predation

38

What are key signs of territorial aggression? And where do they most likely occur?

Barking, marking, scratching, fence fighting,

Urination at doorways, gates, fences, etc.

39

How long after ovulation does a dog produce puppies?

63 days

40

Nesting, cleaning behaviors (eating placenta and after birth, stimulating urination and dedication, cleaning neat by eating poop, etc.), social instruction/correction to her puppies, and aggression towards humans are typical signs of what behavior?

Maternal

41

Not removing the fetal membrane, insufficient nursing, ignoring puppy, accidentally eating puppy while eating after birth are what type of behaviors?

Abnormal maternal behaviors

42

What is pseudopregnancy?

When a dog acts like she's pregnant but isn't

43

What is PICA?

Abnormal eating of non edible substances.

44

What is coprophagia?

When a dog eats poop

45

Where does house spoiling usually present?

Anywhere but most likely in the room where there's no interaction with dog

46

Where does marking usually present?

Corners, edges, doorways and thresholds, from both male and female and both urine and feces

47

When a dog urinates and or deficates in confinement, this is a typical sign of

Separation distress

48

In the stages if fear, what is freeze?

Inhibitory response of a low level or distance threat

49

In the stages of fear, flight is?

Excitatory response from high level or close proximity stimuli

50

In the three stages of fear, fight is?

When the dog feels there's no other option, such as flight is blocked.

51

Is fear learned or unlearned?

Learned

52

How is anxiety different then fear?

Fear is normal, acute, temporary, and specific
Anxiety is a chronic issue produced by non specific apprehension, persistent sympathetic arousal, and vigilance

53

What is a phobia? And what are the key elements?

Excellent fear towards a specific stimuli, medically predisposed, and rarely respond to training

54

Signs of anxiety, stress, panic, frustration, pacing, drooling, refusal of food, abnormal elimination, vocalization, digging, chewing at exit points, and extreme escape. Behaviors are signs of?

Separation distress

55

If you determine a situation is outside of your scope, what is the first thing you should do?

Refer to the appropriate person