BPH is characterized by an increased ___ of epithelial and stromal cells.
__ are required for normal cell proliferation and differentiation and actively inhibit cell death.
Early periurethral nodules are__; transition zone proliferation is __
Prostatic stroma represents __ of the gland. __ muscle is a prominent component of the stroma.
40% of the gland.
Symptoms that use the AUA Symptom Index are classified as mild if the score is ___, moderate if it is __, and severe if it is __. A change of __ points or more from time to time is subjectively discernible
Bladder__ is seen in both sexes with advancing age.
. A significant portion of male lower urinary tract symptoms is related to ___ and other conditions unrelated to the prostate.
age-related detrusor dysfunction
DHT, the ___androgen in the prostate, and androgen receptors ___ remain with age.
13. Androgen withdrawal results in __ of prostate cells.
__ receptors are found in the prostate and may play a role in BPH.
The size of the prostate does/does not correlate with the degree of obstruction.
does not correlate!
Trabeculation is due to an increase in :
A maximum flow rate __ in the male indicates a high probability of obstruction.
less than 10 mL/sec
There is no/there is a relationship between vasectomy and BPH; however, there is/there is no positive relationship between lack of physical activity, obesity, BMI, and LUTS/BPH. 1
THERE IS RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VASECTOMY AND BPH
THeRE IS A POSiTIVE RELATIONSHIP
familial BPH tend to have__ glands than those with sporadic BPH.
Cold medications containing ___ tend to exacerbate lower urinary tract symptoms by the expected effect on the smooth muscle of the bladder outlet
clinically useful correlation exists between total and ___ zone prostate volume and serum PSA in men with BPH