Evaluation and Nonsurgical Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Evaluation and Nonsurgical Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Deck (17)
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1

BPH is characterized by an increased ___ of epithelial and stromal cells.

 

2.

NUMBER

NOT SIZE!

2

__ are required for normal cell proliferation and differentiation and actively inhibit cell death.
 

Androgens

3

 Early periurethral nodules are__; transition zone proliferation is __
 

stromal,glandular

4

Prostatic stroma represents __ of the gland. __ muscle is a prominent component of the stroma.
 

40% of the gland.

SMOOTH Muscle

5

Symptoms that use the AUA Symptom Index are classified as mild if the score is ___, moderate if it is __, and severe if it is __. A change of __ points or more from time to time is subjectively discernible
 

0-7

8-19

20-35

3

6

Bladder__ is seen in both sexes with advancing age.

FIBROSIS

7

. A significant portion of male lower urinary tract symptoms is related to ___ and other conditions unrelated to the prostate.

age-related detrusor dysfunction

8

 DHT, the ___androgen in the prostate, and androgen receptors ___ remain with age.
 

most potent

high

9

13. Androgen withdrawal results in __ of prostate cells.

apoptosis

10

__ receptors are found in the prostate and may play a role in BPH.
 

Estrogen

11

 The size of the prostate does/does not correlate with the degree of obstruction.

does not correlate!

12

 Trabeculation is due to an increase in :

detrusor collagen.

13

A maximum flow rate __ in the male indicates a high probability of obstruction.

less than 10 mL/sec

14

There is no/there is a relationship between vasectomy and BPH; however, there is/there is no positive relationship between lack of physical activity, obesity, BMI, and LUTS/BPH. 1

THERE IS RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VASECTOMY AND BPH

THeRE IS A POSiTIVE RELATIONSHIP

15

 familial BPH tend to have__ glands than those with sporadic BPH.

LARGER

16

Cold medications containing ___ tend to exacerbate lower urinary tract symptoms by the expected effect on the smooth muscle of the bladder outlet
 

α-sympathomimetics

17

 clinically useful correlation exists between total and ___ zone prostate volume and serum PSA in men with BPH

TRANSITION ZONE