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Flashcards in Exam #1 Deck (59):
1

sports medicine

area of health care that applies med/science knowledge to prevent, recognize, assess, manage and rehab injuries related to sports

2

athletic trainer

part of sports medicine that provides link btwn sport and med community

3

five domains of athletic training

-injury/ illness prevention/ wellness protection
-clinical eval and diagnosis
-immediate/ emergency care
-treatment/ rehab
-organization/ professional health/ well being

4

ergonomics

-in the prevention domain
-fitting any part a persons job to their body and needs to make them more efficient

5

physical wellness

eating well and exercising
-making the right choice for you body

6

emotional wellness

how you view yourself
-trust
-ability to share feelings

7

intellectual wellness

-active mind and openness to new ideas
-maintaining a sense of humor, creativity and curiosity

8

spiritual wellness

set of guiding beliefs or values that give meaning to your life

9

interpersonal and social wellness

-realize that satisfying relaitonships are good for physical and emotional health
-need a support network

10

environmental wellness

our health depends on the health of the planet

11

standard of care (SOC)

what a min competent individual would have done in the same similar situation to protect someone from harm or further harm

12

what dictates the SOC

-scope of care that outlines the responsibilities of profession
-board of cert established so the public knows what they can expect from that profession

13

malfeasance

when someone commits an act tat is not under their scope of care

14

misfeasance

someone commits an act that is under their scope but they performed it wrong

15

nonfeasance

someone fails to perform legal duty of care

16

how is negligence proven

-duty of care
-breach of duty
-there was harm
-resulting harm was direct result from breach of duty

17

reasonably prudent coach....
5 of them

-warns athletes of danger of sport
-supervises constantly and attentively
-properly prepares and conditions athletes
-properly instructs in skills of sport
-ensures proper/safe equipment and env't

18

steps in case of injury by coach/AT

-use reasonable care to obtain proper medical treatment
-use reason care to prevent further injury until med care arrives
-KEEP RECORDS

19

post season

IMMEDIATELY follows sports season
-goal: rest/ rehab for 1-2wks

20

off season

continue conditioning
-best to use another sport

21

pre season

IMMEDIATE prior to season
-goal: achieve high level of fitness (6-8 wks)

22

in season

maintain high level of conditioning
-goal: not to decondition

23

SAID principle

Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands
-your body will adapt to overcome stresses put on your body

24

purpose of warm up

-increase body and deep muscle temp
-stretch connective tissue and have greater flex
-decrease muscle tears, ligament sprains,and prevent soreness

25

when should your warm up be?

15-30 mins prior to activity

26

what happens when you raise your body temp?

faster and more complete disassociation or O2 from hemoglobin

27

what should you do for a cool down?

30sec-1min of jogging followed by 3-5 mins of walking

28

why do we cool down?

-lower blood lactic acid levels more rapidly
-keeps muscle pumps active to prevent pooling of blood

29

two devices to measure flexibility

flexometer: compass
goniometer: protractor

30

strain vs sprain

strain: muscles/ tendon
sprain: ligaments

31

role of muscle spindle

fights against the muscle being stretched
-protects from injury

32

role of golgi tendon

after 6 sec
-relaxation of stretching muscle

33

static

segments stretched are locked into position of greatest length

34

dynamic

quick movements w/ quick jerks and pulls on body segment to be stretched

35

PNF

proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation
combos of altering contractions and stretches

36

slow reversal hold relax stretch

-stretch muscle
-pt immediatly contracts muscle
-relax
-pt contracts opposite muscle
-ATC passively stretch muscle

37

contract relax stretch

isotonically contract muscle
relax
stretch

38

isotonically contract

thru range of motion

39

hold relax stretch

-contract isometrically for 5-10 sec
-relax
-stretch

40

isometrcially contract

dont go all the way thru ROM

41

myostatic strength training theory

-increase strength when muscle is pre stretch before contraction
-will trigger muscle spindle

42

example of mystatic strength

verticle jump
-jump off table into squat right into a jump
= greater strength

43

overload principle

activity must always be upped to a max or near max stimulation

44

isometric

muscle length and joint angle doint change

45

when is isometric used

during rehab when the pt cant go thru ROM

46

isotonic

joint moved thru ROM against resistance w/ fixed wt

47

two phases of isotonic exercise

-concentric or shortening of muscle
-eccentric or lengthening of muscle

48

progressive resistant exercise

-set 1: 10 reps of 50%
-set 2: 10 reps of 75%
-set 3: 10 reps of 100%

49

who created PRE

de lorme in 1945

50

daily adjustable progressive resistive exercise

-set 1: 10 reps 50%
-set 2: 6 reps 75%
-set 3: max at 100%
-set 4: depends on set 3

51

reason for endurance work
3 of them

-increase circulation
-give muscles more O2
-removes metabolic biproducts of exercise

52

outcome of endurance training
4 of them

-increase heart size
-thicker heart muscles
-increase volume output of blood per stroke
-increase vital capacity of lungs

53

training threshold

maxHR-RHR= HR
HR * 60% = #
# + RHR = threshold

54

abrasion

top layer of skin worn away

55

laceration

jagged edge cut

56

puncture

deep penetration of tissue by pointed object

57

inciscion

clearly cut wound

58

avulsion

tissue forcefully torn from body

59

first aid for open wound

-stop bleeding
-protect from infection
-treat for shock
-obtain medical attention