hip and groin Flashcards Preview

Athletic Training > hip and groin > Flashcards

Flashcards in hip and groin Deck (20):
1

bones of hip

-ilium
-ischium
-pubis

2

ligaments of hip

-illiofemoral
-ischiofemoral
-pubofemoral

3

muscles in illiopsoas group
action of this group

-illiacus
-psoas major
-psoas minor
action: flex hip

4

what is a tru groin strain

strain of illiopsoas group

5

muscles in adductor group
action of this group

-add brevis
-add magnus
-add longus
action: adduct

6

what is a common groin strain
mechanism?

-strain of add group
mech: abd/ER

7

test illiopsoas group for groin strain

-sit on edge of table
-knee flex 90
-left thigh against resis

8

test rectus femoris for groin strain

-lay on back w/ legs over edge of table
-knee flex 90
-extend knee against resis

9

test adductors for groin strain

-lay on side
-examiner passively abd top leg
-athlete actively add lower leg against resis at distal femur

10

how to you wrap for stability in adductor strains

1st: limb in flex and IR
-pull femur into add and IR
-wrap across front of pelvis then behind

11

stretches for illiopsoas group and addcutors

illio: extend hip
add: abduct

12

mechanism of hip dislocation

hip is flexed, adducted, IR
-femur goes post

13

what is legg perthes disease

osteochondritis of femoral head

14

physiological cause of legg perthes disease

vasc disturbance to femoral head
-avascular necrosis

15

what is the fovea

indent in head of femur that has blood/nerves/ligs present

16

mechanism of legg perthes disease

-direct trauma
-hormonal inbalance

17

treat legg perthes disease
6 of them

-prevent deform of femoral head by immobilizing during necrosis
-non wt bearing
-bed rest until you can wt bear
-surgery
-crutches/braces
-can take 1-2 years

18

what is hip pointer

any inflam of illiac crest

19

treatment for hip pointer

-rest
-ce
-injections
-gentle stretch

20

muscles involved in hip pointer

-illiacus
-sartorius
-tensor fascia latae
-lat dorsi
-obliques