Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

Community Dental Health > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (59)
Loading flashcards...
1

what barriers are faced when accessing oral health care?

structural, cultural, financial, personal

2

Who defines health as fulfilling society’s interest in assuring conditions in which people can be health?

Institute of Medicine (IOM)

3

What organization defines health as the following?

Health is a state of complete, physical, mental, and social well being and is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

the WHO

4

determine the cost effectiveness of a community dental program is most similar to what element of the individual patient process

evaluating the effectiveness of the treatment

5

ten great public health achievements of the 20th century

vaccination

motor vehicle safety

workplace safet

infectious disease control

reduction in death from heart disease and stroke

safer and healthier food

healthier mothers and babies

family planning

fluoridated drinking water

recognition of tobacco use as a health hazard

6

state, county and local opportunities in DPH

WIC- educator and advocate

medicaid- educator, advocate, administrator/man

maternal and child health program- advocate, educator

state bureau of prisons- clinician, educator, advocate, administrator / manager

7

what is the children’s health insurance program? (CHIP)

jointly funded federal state program that provides health insurance coverage for children up to age 19 whose families do not qualify for medicaid and are 2x that if federal povert level

8

this group has never paid for oral health services

medicare

9

all of the following are required for effective program planning EXCEPT:
a. sufficient time and resources
b. prompt reaction to a crisis
c. community recognition of a need
d. behavioral, cultural, environmental and political influences addressed
e. community input and ownership

B. Prompt reaction to a crisis

10

this is counseling families about their child’s current oral health status and what to expect in the different development stages

anticipatory guidance

11

what provides a framework for public health practitioners?

assess the oral health needs of the community and quality and availability of resources and services

provide screening referral and educational services that allow patients and clients to access the resources of health care systems

provide community oral health services in a variety of settings

facilitate patient and client access to oral health services by influencing individuals and or organizations for the provision of oral health care

evaluate reimbursement mechanisms and their impact on the patients or clients access to oral health care

evaluate the outcomes or community based programs and plan for future activists

12

This is one of the 9 specialties in dentistry and it is recognized by the ADA

Dental Public Health

13

which organization has developed competency statements specifically for the newly graduated dental hygienist?

american dental education association

14

the best time to get a community input when developing dental public health program is

during the needs assessment

15

how many countries worldwide use dental therapists or dental nurse providers to provide health care?

50

16

in public health, even in a clinical setting, how is the patient treated?

the care decisions for that person are impacted by the larger community and the setting in which the patient is treated along with the financial part of it

17

the controlled clinical trials of sTer fluoridated began in:

1945

18

who controlled clinical trials of water fluoridation?

National Institute of dental craniofacial research (NIDCR)

in 1945 in grand rapids Michigan and newburgh NY

19

All of the following groups have limited access to oral health care EXCEPT

minorities, poor children, ritual residents, people of low socioeconomic position
**working professionals

20

which of the following is an accurate representation of a current dental public health workforce issue?

ethnic representation in the dental public health workforce does not mirror representation in the population served by the public health programs**

too many graduates are applying for dental public health advanced education programs

salaries for dental public health positions are not much different than salaries in private dental or dental hygiene practice

currently there are many options for dental hygienists to pursue advanced education or credentialing in dental public health

21

structural barriers to oral health include:

the number, type and distribution of health care providers

22

how is health defined by webster?

a physical and mental well being; freedom from disease

23

the department of health and human services launched what?

healthy people 2020

24

this is jointly funded by federal and state for certain low income and needy people. oral health service for children are mandatory

medicaid

25

this phase continued progression in technology allowed further treatment of disease thru increasingly complex medical treatments. this occurred a lot in hospital settings instead of community based aspects

phase 3 (1930-1975)

26

in what roles might a public health dental hygienist participate in professionally

educator, administrators m, advocate and researcher

27

the most important consideration when creative effective public health programs is to:

get the community’s input prior to planning programs

28

alternative models for health care delivery:

have been successful world wide

indicate nondentist providers quality care

indicate nondentist providers are less expensive to educate

indicate that nondentist providers can provide care without supervision

29

in this phase- public health related to elimination and control of diseases that grew out of rapid industrialization (industrial development) and crowded and poor living conditions

phase 1 (1849-1900)

30

what does the dental public health role require skills in?

assessing and diagnosing community oral health needs

planning and implementing

evaluating community based oral health programs

providing educational services

applying research

use of epidemiology

inventing programs

advocating

understanding the organization of health care