Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (59)
what barriers are faced when accessing oral health care?
structural, cultural, financial, personal
Who defines health as fulfilling society’s interest in assuring conditions in which people can be health?
Institute of Medicine (IOM)
What organization defines health as the following?
Health is a state of complete, physical, mental, and social well being and is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
determine the cost effectiveness of a community dental program is most similar to what element of the individual patient process
evaluating the effectiveness of the treatment
ten great public health achievements of the 20th century
motor vehicle safety
infectious disease control
reduction in death from heart disease and stroke
safer and healthier food
healthier mothers and babies
fluoridated drinking water
recognition of tobacco use as a health hazard
state, county and local opportunities in DPH
WIC- educator and advocate
medicaid- educator, advocate, administrator/man
maternal and child health program- advocate, educator
state bureau of prisons- clinician, educator, advocate, administrator / manager
what is the children’s health insurance program? (CHIP)
jointly funded federal state program that provides health insurance coverage for children up to age 19 whose families do not qualify for medicaid and are 2x that if federal povert level
this group has never paid for oral health services
all of the following are required for effective program planning EXCEPT:
a. sufficient time and resources
b. prompt reaction to a crisis
c. community recognition of a need
d. behavioral, cultural, environmental and political influences addressed
e. community input and ownership
B. Prompt reaction to a crisis
this is counseling families about their child’s current oral health status and what to expect in the different development stages
what provides a framework for public health practitioners?
assess the oral health needs of the community and quality and availability of resources and services
provide screening referral and educational services that allow patients and clients to access the resources of health care systems
provide community oral health services in a variety of settings
facilitate patient and client access to oral health services by influencing individuals and or organizations for the provision of oral health care
evaluate reimbursement mechanisms and their impact on the patients or clients access to oral health care
evaluate the outcomes or community based programs and plan for future activists
This is one of the 9 specialties in dentistry and it is recognized by the ADA
Dental Public Health
which organization has developed competency statements specifically for the newly graduated dental hygienist?
american dental education association
the best time to get a community input when developing dental public health program is
during the needs assessment
how many countries worldwide use dental therapists or dental nurse providers to provide health care?
in public health, even in a clinical setting, how is the patient treated?
the care decisions for that person are impacted by the larger community and the setting in which the patient is treated along with the financial part of it
the controlled clinical trials of sTer fluoridated began in:
who controlled clinical trials of water fluoridation?
National Institute of dental craniofacial research (NIDCR)
in 1945 in grand rapids Michigan and newburgh NY
All of the following groups have limited access to oral health care EXCEPT
minorities, poor children, ritual residents, people of low socioeconomic position
which of the following is an accurate representation of a current dental public health workforce issue?
ethnic representation in the dental public health workforce does not mirror representation in the population served by the public health programs**
too many graduates are applying for dental public health advanced education programs
salaries for dental public health positions are not much different than salaries in private dental or dental hygiene practice
currently there are many options for dental hygienists to pursue advanced education or credentialing in dental public health
structural barriers to oral health include:
the number, type and distribution of health care providers
how is health defined by webster?
a physical and mental well being; freedom from disease
the department of health and human services launched what?
healthy people 2020
this is jointly funded by federal and state for certain low income and needy people. oral health service for children are mandatory
this phase continued progression in technology allowed further treatment of disease thru increasingly complex medical treatments. this occurred a lot in hospital settings instead of community based aspects
phase 3 (1930-1975)
in what roles might a public health dental hygienist participate in professionally
educator, administrators m, advocate and researcher
the most important consideration when creative effective public health programs is to:
get the community’s input prior to planning programs
alternative models for health care delivery:
have been successful world wide
indicate nondentist providers quality care
indicate nondentist providers are less expensive to educate
indicate that nondentist providers can provide care without supervision
in this phase- public health related to elimination and control of diseases that grew out of rapid industrialization (industrial development) and crowded and poor living conditions
phase 1 (1849-1900)