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1

also referred to as process evaluation- this occurs during the implementation process

formative evaluation

2

also referred to as outcome evaluation and occurs after the intervention

summative evaluation

3

what is the best time to do a program evaluation?

during the development phase and prior to any implementation

4

the intervention in disease before it occurs

primary prevention

5

what does primary preventive interventions include?

community water fluoridation, fluoride varnish, pit and fissure sealants and preventive education

6

the treatment or control of disease early in the process

secondary prevention

7

what are examples of secondary prevention?

conservative amalgam restoration, remineralization of early caries, and conservative periodontal therapy

8

limiting the disability from a disease, or rehabilitation of an individual

tertirary prevention

9

examples of a teritary prevention

dentures or other prosthetic dental devices and perio surgery

10

this level effects the individual

micro level

11

Why is fluoridation considered a model for oral health promotion?

it is safe, effective and socially equitable

12

Most disparities in oral health fall along the lines of?

age
race/ethnicity
gender
socioeconomic position

13

the primary goal of any oral health program should be...

empower people to attain equity in health

14

what three options to community water fluoridation that provides systemic fluoride?

fluoride varnish, salt fluoridation and fluoride tablets

15

who benefits from community water fluoridation?

all children younger than 18

16

social factors operating on a micro level include...

age

17

what are four preventable oral diseases?

dental caries
disease of supporting structures
oral pharyngeal cancers
craniofacial injuries

18

the main goal of any health program?

to empower people to attain equity in health and reduce incidence and prevalence of oral disease through education and interventions

19

why is an educational program not as effective as a health program promotion?

because educators should be calibrated

20

why is it important for oral health professionals to understand risk factors for disease, health behaviors, determinants, and disparities in oral health?

so they can indenting a target audience and design a program specifically for that audience

21

what are health determinants and risk factors that impact health?

genetic constitution
individual and group behavior
social and physical environment
policy and interventions

22

who combined a large body of research related to human motivation in his conceptualization of a hierarchical arrangement of needs as motivating factors?

abraham H maslow

23

according to maslow, a well organizers environment, economic self sufficiency, familiar surroundings, tasks and activities are

security and safety needs

24

also known as the decision making continuum and is based on the concept that people learn in a linear serious of sequential steps

learning ladder

25

what is the sequence of learning ladder steps from lowe’s to highest?

unawareness
awareness
interest
involvement
action
habitat

26

the way one processes inormation, feels and behaves in learning situations or how the person learns

learning style

27

what are the reasons for conducting a needs assessment

identifying the extent and severity of a need

assessing the cause of a problem

determining the resources needed for a program

establishing priorities

28

an example of an indirect program activity

repairing equipment

29

behind the scenes activities and required to carry out the intervention

indirect activities

30

steps directly involved in the delivery of the intervention

direct activities