Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

Hist 242 > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (86):
1

“He who commands the sea has command of everything”

Themistocles 524-459bc
Greek admiral

2

The________was the first documented built ship in America. It was built in______at_________.

Virginia; 1607; Kennebec, Maine

3

The Virginia was___masted, and was about________feet long.

2; 50-60

4

The Virginia was an awesomely built ship bought in_________and worked in the English channel for another_____years.

England; 15

5

the__________of the bay was the second documented ship, constructed in the________river in the year______

Blessing; mystic; 1631

6

The blessing of the bay was ordered to be built by Governor____________in order to enhance trade, and was classified as a ____________ ship.

John Winthrop; government

7

The blessing of the bay was a _____masted,____ton schooner that proved there was money to be made for Americans to go to sea.

2; 30

8

In the year_____there was construction of a______ton ship built for transatlantic trade with ________.

1641; 300; Europe

9

What were the years of the English Civil War?

1642 to 1651

10

The English Civil War was the fight between________and_________.

Commoners; nobility

11

Eventually king________was beheaded, and replaced by____________

Charles; Oliver Cromwell

12

During the English Civil War,Americans took over_____fishing in_________.

Cod; Nova Scotia

13

Name the two greatest demands for the cod fish market.

Catholics eat fish on Friday, and it was a Cheap, high source of protein for slaves working in the sugar plantations in the west Indies.

14

In the year 1651,________embraced the concept of_________, Which led to the____________acts.

Oliver Cromwell; mercantilism; Navigational

15

What were the two main purposes of the navigational acts?

To encourage English trade and knocked down colonial trade

16

In 1660___________changed the navigational acts by establishing the concept of___________ goods.

Charles the second; enumerated

17

In 1704 parliament ads________to the enumerated goods.

Rice

18

What goods did parliament add to the enumerated goods list in 1705?

Naval stores i.e. lumber, hemp, etc.

19

In what year did parliament add copper to the enumerated goods?

1721

20

In 1675, __________ establishes the

Lords of trade

21

In the year_____, the _______________ restricted jobs to mother country and colonies only.

1696; Board of trade

22

What is the term used to describe closing all coastal trade to foreign ships?

Cabotage

23

In 1630 the Americans began trading ____________ with the Caribbean in exchange for _____.

Cod, grain, and lumber;
Sugar

24

Sugar was used to make what two things?

Rum and molasses

25

What is Spece?

Gold and silver

26

The Americans began attacking Spanish Armada’s in order to collect more

Spece

27

Who’s was the governor of New York in the late 1600s that guaranteed safety to pirates?

Benjamin Fletcher

28

Even during peacetime governor Benjamin Fletcher would squeeze more money out of the economy by issuing_____________to pirates.

Letters of Marque

29

The Americans built and financed the island of___________with pirate money.

Madagascar

30

In 1701 the___________sent a large royal fleet to Madagascar and captured captain___________, Which was the beginning of the end for piracy.

Lords of admiralty; William Kidd

31

Captain William kid was hung at the mouth of the_________river and left to be displayed.

Thames

32

In 1718 Edward teach also known as__________was sunk

Blackbeard

33

Organized piracy In Europe is dead by the year

1730

34

What is the triangular trade?

North Atlantic trade, American triangular trade, slave trade

35

Where was the focal point of the American slave trade?

Providence Rhode Island

36

In what year was the international slave trade outlawed?

1807

37

In all how many Africans were enslaved by their own people one sent to the New World?

9 million

38

How many African slaves actually made it to America?

Approximately 250,000; The rest were sent to the Caribbean in Brazil; 2.7% came to the United States

39

What was the largest occupation at sea ports?

Seamen

40

Seafaring was the____most common occupation in the colonies; the most common occupation was

2nd; farming

41

On longer voyages discipline would tend to fade resulting in more

Corporal punishment

42

What was a cat o 9 tails?

A whip with metal bits on the end

43

Corporal punishment was outlawed on American ships in

1892

44

What were the only two professions that were beaten on the job?

Mariners and slaves

45

At sea, what were the two most prevalent sources of protein?

Salt horse and hard tack

46

What is duff?

At desert eaten for dinner topped with molasses or raisins

47

What is scurvy?

A lack of vitamin C which leads to terrible results

48

What is scouse?

Dried up sludge from barrels mixed into food that was thought to help prevent scurvy.

49

What were lighters?

Small boats or barges used to offload cargo quickly

50

How many newspapers were circulating in the colonies in 1720?

Three

51

How many newspapers were in the colonies nearing up to the 1760s?

20

52

What remain topics of the newspapers in the colonies during this time.

Pro America, anti-king, anti-Parliament

53

What was the informational superhighway?

Ships

54

What is significant about April 17, 1775?

The battles of Lexington and Concorde; shots heard round the world

55

May 13, 1775 a small British warship known as the__________heads towards Fairhaven Massachusetts and captures two suspicious looking merchant vessels

HMS falcon

56

When was the battle of Fairhaven?

May 13 and 14th 1775

57

Who was the commander of the HMS Margaretta?

Midshipmen James Moore

58

June 12, 1775 the far superior HMS Margaretta was captured by Angry Americans in a small boat known as the

Unity

59

What is a fouling peace?

A shotgun

60

What is a wall piece?

A large rifle with a long barrel

61

The unity was commanded by the first American revolutionary hero

Captain Jeremiah O’Brien

62

What was the first naval battle of the Revolutionary war?

The battle of Machias

63

In 1775 the first shift in the Washington’s navy to go out and come back with a prize was the

The Hannah

64

How many total prizes did the Washington’s navy take?

38

65

What’s the Washington’s navy authorized by the continental Congress?

No

66

In what year did Congress pass a resolution to authorize privateering?

March 19, 1776

67

Who were the most effective contribution to the revolutionary war?

Privateers

68

What is a convoy?

Warships attached to merchant vessels

69

Throughout the war the merchant Marines car over_____British vessels, and____warships.

600; 16

70

In all, over________Americans served in the revolutionary war and between_________died during the war.

55,000; 11 and 12,500

71

How many merchant Marines died in the war?

12,500 or one in four

72

How many merchant Marines died at sea during World War II?

6500

73

What two choices were given to POWs captured at Sea by the British?

Renounce the revolution and join the British Navy or go to prison

74

What prison did you go to if you were caught at sea near Britain?

Mills prison

75

What prison where you taking to if captured by the British near the United States?

Wall about bay near New York City; the old Brooklyn naval yards

76

What were just some of the ills about being at wall about bay?

No medications, dysentery, typhoid, smallpox, yellow fever, food poisoning, starvation, subject to torture

77

Which prison ship at wall about bay house 1100 people?

The RMS jersey, hey 64 gun frigate

78

How many people died each nite on the Jersey?

12, most of which were thrown overboard, some buried on shore in mud flat areas

79

In what year did Brooklynites find a monument dedicated to the privateer’s?

1844

80

In what year was the treaty of Paris?

1783

81

What is merchant marine theorem number one?

“No money, no honey”

82

What was the cargo caring capacity for the US at the end of the war?

0

83

How many articles are in the treaty of Paris?

Three

84

The first article in the treaty of Paris is

Britain recognizes the independence of the United States but no commercial trade

85

What is the second article of the treaty of Paris?

The boundaries of the newly independent nation. Up to the eastern bank of the Mississippi, everything else owned by Spain, we do however get access to the Great Lakes

86

What is article 3 of the treaty of Paris?

American fisherman. Limited access to the East Coast cod drying areas, just enough to get by.