Flashcards in Final Deck (94):
Who is regarded as the world’s greatest naval strategist and merchant marine strategist?
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Who became impressed by an article written by Mayhan?
Admiral Steven b Luce
When and where did Congress fund the Naval war College?
1884 in Newport Rhode Island
In what year was Mayhan assigned as one of the faculty at the Naval war College?
Mayhan became president of the Naval war College in the year
What two books did Mayhan publish beginning in 1890?
Influence of Sea power upon history, 1660–17 83. Pub, 1892
Influence of Sea power upon the French Revolution and empire1793-1812
What are the three requirements of a great sea power?
Navy, merchant Marine, and great manufacturing all working together building, transporting, and protecting.
What did Mayhan published in 1897?
The interest of America in Seapower, present and future
Who wrote “Moby dick”?
What playwright wrote “bound east of Cardiff“?
Who wrote “heart of darkness”, and “the secret sharer”?
While on a voyage from new England to the west coast in the 1840s Richard H Dana wrote
Two years before the mast
What was the first chapter from “two years before the mast” about?
A cook who backtalk and officer, and the captain beat him and confined him to solitary in the bottom of the ship, and he returned in sane.
In what year was flogging outlawed in the Navy?
Congress outlawed corporal punishment on American merchant vessels in the year
What were American flag ships refer to during the post-Civil War.?
A belaying pin, which allowed for a figure 8 while hoisting sales, was also used to
Beat the crew
A form of punishment by which a man’s wrists were iron up and hoisted up until his toes barely touched the deck was known as
What were some other forms of punishment?
Broken arms, legs, ribs, some where skinned alive with deck scrapers
A shipping master who demanded a crew at any cost, who’s basic idea was to keep seamen broke was known as a
What is a “chit”?
Sailors being caught in a cycle of spending all their money while in port and then jumping back aboard ship or been shanghaied was the concept of
What was the shipping commissioner act of 1872?
A weak attempt by the federal government to stop shanghaiing to where only sober men could sign their shipping articles
What did the dingley act of 1884 do?
Abolished the advanced wage, and prohibited allotments to anyone except a sailors wife or blood relative
All this bad shit that was going on to sailors eventually lead to what?
The birth of unions
What was the first long lasting union?
The marine fireman boiler water tender, 1883
What was the second union that formed?
Coast Seamens union, 1885
What union formed in 1886?
Offshore Bluewater west coast deck department
What union was created in 1891 and still going today?
Sailors union of the Pacific
National seamens union
In 1895 the NSU changed to the
International seaman’s union
Who was the first marathon leader that took over the east and gulf coast unions?
Furuseth was born in
Ramedal norway, 1854
Furuseth declines his family business and set sail at the age of 19 on the
Furuseth helped found what union?
Furuseth was elected
of the CSU in
The highest position at the CSU was
How long was Furuseth career?
Only on sail ships, no steam
What were furuseths 2 goal in dc in 1895
To improve legal status of all Mariners under American flag, and improve economics of merchant mariners.
What was the Maguire act of 1895?
Abolished crimp allotment, abolished imprisonment for desertion on coastwise trip.
What was the case where for sailors jumped ship while on the West Coast heading to Chile?
Arago case 1897
What was Robertson versus Baldwin, 1897?
Second Dred Scott decision. Supreme Court ruled that from the earliest sailing period, a sailors personal liberty for the life of the contract was never intended to apply to their contract. No 13th amendment for sailors at that time.
What ended corporal punishment on American flag ships?
White act of 1898
What else did the white act accomplish?
Limited to one month salary and the amount of an allotment by crimps. Outlawed imprisonment for deserting on a cost wise voyage. Lessened punishment for desertion in foreign ports to one months pay.
What senator from Wisconsin did Furuseth befriend?
What passed in 1915 that the effects of are still profound to this day?
LaFollette’s Seamens bill
According to LaFollettes bill, what percentage onboard must have A/B license, and what percentage had to understand orders of officers?
Birthing space increased
2/3 from 72 ft.³ to 120 ft.³
What were some other advantages of the bill of 1915?
Required hospital and lavatory spaces, increase Manning scale of crew and passengers one to one, no allotments on foreign and coastal crimps. Desertion only result in a loss of money, no imprisonment.
What was the main reason the bill of 1915 past?
Ship safety. Americans and Europeans were traumatized after the sinking of the Titanic in 1912
Who was opposed to the passing of the bill of 1915?
The Great Lakes shipping interest
Why was President Wilson reluctant to sign the bill of 1915?
Because he knew he would lose votes on the next election, but he knew was the only chance to get something done for the merchant Marine
During the period of 1870 to 1910 national wealth was up by
1870 to 1910 How much was railroad mileage, iron ore, and coal production up by?
400%, 600%, 1000%
1870 to 1910 American flag trade was at
When was Woodrow Wilson elected to presidency?
“Without a great merchant Marine, we cannot take our place in the world”
Where are we in World War I in 1913?
No, we were neutral
Pre-1914 an A/B made
A dollar a day
What year did we join World War I?
What did Wilson get Congress to pass in 1916?
World shipping act
What did the world shipping act do?
Encourage a naval auxiliary and naval reserve. Developed an organized trading program with routes set up. Outlaw economic discrimination by foreign shipping companies
What was the emergency fleet corporation?
In case of war, the government takes control of the merchant Marine
What happened the day after we join World War I?
The EFC confiscated every vessel over 2500 tons
How many tons of neutral vessels did the EFC lease?
Over 2 million
How many ships did the EFC build?
15 million tons at 2500 tons apiece
When did the first ships built by the EFC hit the water?
Summer of 1918
How many ships did the EFC launch in September 1918 at the wars end?
What were the most famous of the ships built by the EFC?
What was the most famous Hogg islander?
S.S. city of Flint
What occurred two hours after England declared war on Germany in World War II?
A German sub sinks a British passenger ship, the city of Flint gets there and saves passengers
What is the merchant marine act of 1920?
The Jones act
What did the Jones act do?
Returned the entire fleet including the EFC’s back to private enterprise. Provided for money for shipbuilding, sold government ships, and close the coastwise shipping to only US flag ships
How much did it cost to build the hog Islanders, and how much did they sell for?
200–250 per ton, $30 a ton
In the 20s the freight rate collapsed below
The 1914 freight rate
In the 1920s what were ship owners demanding?
20% pay cut for the entire crew, longer work week, and no overtime
What kind of a pay cut did the US shipping board rule to?
Furuseth appealed the decision to
Warren G Harding and got shut down
What happened during the Maritime strike of 1921?
Companies hired 35,000 nonunion employees. The strike lasted 64 days and the unions gave up and excepted the shit pay and treatment
For how long after the Maritime strike of 1921 was there no union activity?
How many members did the ISU have before the strike and after the strike?
120,000 before, and 16,000 after
What was Dr Willetts dads Knick name?
1-trip blacky willet
Working around the clock was known as a
1$/month plus room and board