Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

SLP 581 (Cognitive Disorders) > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (20):
1

Where do cognitive processes and memory occur?

Cerebrum, brain stem, cerebellum, CNS, PNS

2

Randomly occurring genetic mutations progressively destroy DNA that causes aging

Genetic

3

Environmental changes contribute to aging

Free radical oxidation

4

Mutations are not random, mutations are programmed and high ordered

Alternative theory

5

Anatomical changes such as neurotic placques, neurofibrillary tangles, and lewy bodies cause aging

Neuropathological changes

6

What are some examples of slowing in neural processing?

Loss of myelin, loss of dendrite branching, decrease in transmitter synthesis, decrease in post-synaptic receptors

7

Cognitive effects of aging are affected by when you're born (life experiences)

Cohort hypothesis

8

What factors can change our aging?

Genetic, environmental, health conditions, lifestyles

9

What is one downfall of brains cells regenerating?

New brain cells need to be trained when we lose the old brain cells

10

What happens with the prefrontal cortex during aging?

Accelerated rate of shrinkage

11

What are the effects of aging on language?

Use both hemispheres of the brain, decrease in verbal production, decrease in decoding and production of syntactic complexity, decrease distraction inhibition, decrease multi-tasking, increase egocentrism

12

What are some typical age-related changes?

Sometimes forgetting names/dates but remember them later, making occasional numeric errors, occasionally need help with microwave or tv, visual changes, sometimes having trouble to find the right word, misplacing item and retracing steps to find them later, irritability when routine is disrupted

13

What are some factors underlying cognitive changes with age?

Changes in sensory system

14

What are predictors of age-related cognitive loss?

Difficulty in identifying odors, diabetes, level of education, size of social network, history of depression

15

Type of intelligence that includes hard wired information, basic knowledge and skills that accumulates over the lifespan; tends to be preserved with age

Crystalized intelligence

16

Type of intelligence that can be manipulated; includes problem solving, executive function, may decline in aging

Fluid intelligence

17

What are the 4 aspects of orientation?

Person, place, time, situation

18

What types of memory could be negatively affected by aging?

Short-term and working memory

19

What types of memory could stay the same or be increased by aging?

Prospective and long-term memory

20

If something is important or significant it'll stay in your memory

Saliency