Flashcards in Exam 1 Part 5 Deck (20):
Shearing/insult to the nerves
Brain injury (TBI)
Loss of brain tissue
Caused by an impact on the brain that shears the nerves, treatment depending on site, severity, degree, and longevity of the pressure
Result of encephalitis infecting white matter
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
Inflammatory disease of the CNS, slow progression of physical and cognitive change
Associated with arthritis type symptoms impacting the CNS, autoimmune resulting in numerous small bleeds
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Abnormal protein deposits in the brain resulting in cell death, multiple symptomology worsening over time
What is the difference between dementia and Alzheimers?
Dementia is an umbrella term and cannot be diagnosed until autopsy; Alzheimers can be detected through certain protein deposits in the brain
Prominent isolated language deficit ONLY as a result of neurodegenerative disease
Primary progressive aphasia
What is a sign of primary progressive aphasia?
Talking and suddenly not knowing/producing what word comes next
Progressive degeneration of the temporal and frontal lobe; affects decision making, behavioral inhibition, emotion, speech, and language
Uncommon brain disorder affecting movement, brain cell deterioration; symptoms include fatigue and stiffness
Progressive supranuclear palsy
Similar presentation as a stroke but symptoms resolve in 24 hours
Transient ischemic attack
What are seizure deficits dependent on?
Type and frequency of seizure
How do migraines cause cognitive deficits?
Cognitive impairments during the peak pain periods
Misfiring/overfiring of neuronal tissue
The brain's ability to process, store and use information
Disturbance of consciousness accompanied by cognitive changes, develops over a short period of time, and variable throughout the day
What are the symptoms of delirium?
Impairments in attention, distractibility, orientation, sensory perception (misinterpretation, hallucinations, illusions)