Exam 1 Part 5 Flashcards Preview

SLP 581 (Cognitive Disorders) > Exam 1 Part 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Part 5 Deck (20):
1

Shearing/insult to the nerves

Brain injury (TBI)

2

Loss of brain tissue

Degenerative disease

3

Caused by an impact on the brain that shears the nerves, treatment depending on site, severity, degree, and longevity of the pressure

TBI

4

Result of encephalitis infecting white matter

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

5

Inflammatory disease of the CNS, slow progression of physical and cognitive change

Multiple sclerosis

6

Associated with arthritis type symptoms impacting the CNS, autoimmune resulting in numerous small bleeds

Systemic lupus erythematosus

7

Abnormal protein deposits in the brain resulting in cell death, multiple symptomology worsening over time

Alzheimer disease

8

What is the difference between dementia and Alzheimers?

Dementia is an umbrella term and cannot be diagnosed until autopsy; Alzheimers can be detected through certain protein deposits in the brain

9

Prominent isolated language deficit ONLY as a result of neurodegenerative disease

Primary progressive aphasia

10

What is a sign of primary progressive aphasia?

Talking and suddenly not knowing/producing what word comes next

11

Progressive degeneration of the temporal and frontal lobe; affects decision making, behavioral inhibition, emotion, speech, and language

Frontotemporal dementia

12

Uncommon brain disorder affecting movement, brain cell deterioration; symptoms include fatigue and stiffness

Progressive supranuclear palsy

13

Similar presentation as a stroke but symptoms resolve in 24 hours

Transient ischemic attack

14

What are seizure deficits dependent on?

Type and frequency of seizure

15

How do migraines cause cognitive deficits?

Cognitive impairments during the peak pain periods

16

Misfiring/overfiring of neuronal tissue

Seizure

17

The brain's ability to process, store and use information

Memory

18

Disturbance of consciousness accompanied by cognitive changes, develops over a short period of time, and variable throughout the day

Delirium

19

What are the symptoms of delirium?

Impairments in attention, distractibility, orientation, sensory perception (misinterpretation, hallucinations, illusions)

20

Describe attention impairments

Less accurate and slower performance on sustained attention, may instigate or intensify language symptoms in every level