Exam 1 Chapter 19 Flashcards

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1
Q

Normal WBC

A

5,000-10,000

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2
Q

Normal platelets

A

150,000-400,000

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3
Q

Hemoglobin male

A

14-18

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4
Q

hemoglobin female

A

12-16

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5
Q

Hematocrit male

A

40-52%

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6
Q

Hematocrit female

A

37-47%

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7
Q

On physical examination with is the most common sign of anemia?

A

Pallor
assess the oral mucous membranes, nail beds, conjunctiva and creases of the palms.
tachycardia
flow murmurs

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8
Q

platelet count of 50, 000 to 100,000

A

Thrombocytopenia

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9
Q

patients with platelet defects develops?

A
petechiae often in clusters
ecchymoses
hematomas
conjunctival hemorrhages
bleeding gums
bleeding at puncture sites
hypotension
tachycardia
dizziness
epistaxis (nose bleed)
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10
Q

1st responder in inflammatory process (phagocytosis)

A

Neutrophils (60-70%)

if increase acute bacterial infection

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11
Q

immature neutrophils

A

“bands”

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12
Q

mature neutrophils

A

“segs”

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13
Q

Lymphocytes

A

20-25%
produce antibodies
if increase indicates viral infection

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14
Q

monocytes

A

3-8%

phagocytosis of large particles (macrophages)

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15
Q

Eosinophils

A
2-4%
counteract histamine (destroy parasitic worms)
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16
Q

Basophils

A

1%

release histamine in the inflammatory phase.

17
Q

How do we prevent dehiscence

A

use of abdominal binder

18
Q

what should the nurse do when evisceration occurs?

A
cover with saline dressing
notify surgical team immediately 
assesses the patient vitals
O2 saturation
patient should remain in bed and knees bent to reduce abdominal muscle tension.
NPO
IV established for fluid management 
monitor for shock
19
Q

A condition in which the hemoglobin concentration is lower than normal. A decrease in RBCs

A

Anemia
fewer than normal erythrocytes
diminished O2 delivery to body tissues

20
Q

what is the most common symptom and complication of anemia?

A

fatigue