Exam 1 Chapters 1-6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 Chapters 1-6 Deck (61)
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1

What are the Humanities?

Humanities are the stories, the ideas, and the words that help us make sense of our lives and our world.

2

Why study Humanities?

They point the way to answers about what is right or wrong, or what is true about our heritage and our history.

3

Small statue (under 5 inches) found in lower Austria. Made of Lime stone. Mother Earth- women secured food, acted as healers, nurturers, and life-givers.

Venus of Willendorf

4

Black basalt slab discovered in 1799 and deciphered in 1822. Written in two types of Egyptian script and one Greek script arranged in tiers. Understood when they matched the hieroglyphs for certain Egyptian rulers (Cleopatra) with their names in Greek.

Rosetta Stone

5

Belief that forces of nature were alive as living spirits. Belief that things in nature (Trees, sky) have souls or consciousness.

Animism

6

Land between two rivers

Mesopotamia

7

Worship of many gods. Associated with the forces of nature.

Polytheism

8

Worship of one and only one god.

Monotheism

9

Worlds first epic poem

The Epic of Gilgamesh

10

Impressive early temples in Mesopotamia

Ziggurats

11

Writing form in Mesopotamia

Cuneiform

12

Most famous/powerful of Babylonians. Called for systematic codification of existing legal practices. Responsible for written Law.

King Hammurabi

13

Nomads built empire that lasted until 1200 BC. Introduced iron forging technology.

Hittites

14

Father of Judaism, Christianity, Islam.

Abraham

15

Abrahams people called themselves what?

The Children of Israel or Israelites. Later known as Jews

16

Means one and only god in Hebrew

Yahweh

17

Greek version of the Hebrew Bible

Septuagint

18

Persian prophet who denied the nature gods of earlier times.

Zoroaster

19

Colossal statue in Gizeh Egypt. Head of pharaoh, Khafre, body of Lion.

Great Sphinx

20

Lengthy guide in Egyptian culture for preparing oneself for physical death.

Book of the Dead

21

(EGYPT) Replaced numberless deities with single, sun god, Aton god of sun disk

Akhenaten

22

(EGYPT) Top administrator

Vizier

23

(EGYPT) Commemorative stone pillars

Obelisks

24

Method of painting water-based pigments on freshly applied plaster.

Fresco

25

Belief that a divine spirit pervades (saturates, infuses) all things in the universe. In India, religion is grounded in this belief.

Pantheism

26

A Chinese belief system that embraces a universal and natural principal

Daoism

27

(PERU) Enormous designs created by scraping away surface and removing stones.

Geoglyph

28

Believed to be the birthplace of civilization in the Americas.

Peru

29

One of the largest and most advanced native cultures in Meso Americans. Raised temple pyramids on clay platforms. Calendar system. Portraiture and mirror-making. Human sacrifice rituals. Carved colossal stone heads.

The Olmecs

30

German businessman and amateur archaeologist. Excavator of Troy along with Mycenaean sites Mycenae and Tiryns.

Heirich Schliemann