Flashcards in Exam 1 Chapters 1-6 Deck (61)
What are the Humanities?
Humanities are the stories, the ideas, and the words that help us make sense of our lives and our world.
Why study Humanities?
They point the way to answers about what is right or wrong, or what is true about our heritage and our history.
Small statue (under 5 inches) found in lower Austria. Made of Lime stone. Mother Earth- women secured food, acted as healers, nurturers, and life-givers.
Venus of Willendorf
Black basalt slab discovered in 1799 and deciphered in 1822. Written in two types of Egyptian script and one Greek script arranged in tiers. Understood when they matched the hieroglyphs for certain Egyptian rulers (Cleopatra) with their names in Greek.
Belief that forces of nature were alive as living spirits. Belief that things in nature (Trees, sky) have souls or consciousness.
Land between two rivers
Worship of many gods. Associated with the forces of nature.
Worship of one and only one god.
Worlds first epic poem
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Impressive early temples in Mesopotamia
Writing form in Mesopotamia
Most famous/powerful of Babylonians. Called for systematic codification of existing legal practices. Responsible for written Law.
Nomads built empire that lasted until 1200 BC. Introduced iron forging technology.
Father of Judaism, Christianity, Islam.
Abrahams people called themselves what?
The Children of Israel or Israelites. Later known as Jews
Means one and only god in Hebrew
Greek version of the Hebrew Bible
Persian prophet who denied the nature gods of earlier times.
Colossal statue in Gizeh Egypt. Head of pharaoh, Khafre, body of Lion.
Lengthy guide in Egyptian culture for preparing oneself for physical death.
Book of the Dead
(EGYPT) Replaced numberless deities with single, sun god, Aton god of sun disk
(EGYPT) Top administrator
(EGYPT) Commemorative stone pillars
Method of painting water-based pigments on freshly applied plaster.
Belief that a divine spirit pervades (saturates, infuses) all things in the universe. In India, religion is grounded in this belief.
A Chinese belief system that embraces a universal and natural principal
(PERU) Enormous designs created by scraping away surface and removing stones.
Believed to be the birthplace of civilization in the Americas.
One of the largest and most advanced native cultures in Meso Americans. Raised temple pyramids on clay platforms. Calendar system. Portraiture and mirror-making. Human sacrifice rituals. Carved colossal stone heads.