Flashcards in Humanities final exam Chapters 15, 16,17, & 19 Deck (39)
New art of music. New musical style developed in 14th Century characterized by greater richness of and complexity of sound.
(HINT: Nova means new)
Famous painting by Giotto. Depicts Mary holding Jesus, John flinging arms.
Located in Rome, the official residence of the pope. Famous for its architecture, evocative of Solomons temple of the old testament. Frescoes done by the greatest Renaissance artists including Michelangelo, Raphael, Bernini, and Sandro Botticelli.
Collection of stories with a plague setting.
Birthplace of the Renaissance. Thriving commercial center. Financial center dominated by prosperous middle class. Political and cultural leadership in the wealthy and sophisticated Medici family.
Book writen by Fancisco Petrarch. Imagines conversation with St. Augustine.
Secretum "My Secret"
Idea of Thomas More, classical political satire - means "no place" and "good place"
Elizabethan drama became the ideal vehicle for exposing the psychological forces that motivate human behavior. Written by William Shakespeare.
A triptych work. 3 separate works. Adam & Eve on left, youthful nudes in center, and hell on right.
The Creation of Eve: The Garden of Earthly Delights: Hell.
Written by Thomas Kempis. Put message of Jesus into daily practice. After bible, this book was the most frequently published book in the Christian west well into modern times.
Imitatio Christi (Imitation of Christ)
Between the Eastern Church and the Western Church in 1054. A split within the Roman Catholic Church that lasted from 1378 to 1417.
The Great Schism
Bubonic plague. Originated in Asia, spread by Mongol tribes. Spread by flea bearing black rats into Mediterranean ports.
The Black Death
The movement to recover, edit, and study Ancient Creek and Latin manuscripts, took in the 14th century Italy, where it marked the beginnings of the Renaissance.
Religious movement in the Neverlands. Harnessed the dominate strains of anticlericalism, lay piety, and mysticism
The relocation of the popes from Rome to Avignon.
Attention to human society and social interaction.
Total emphasis on Christian conscience and voluntary acceptance of Christ- Rejected sacraments as sources of God's grace- (Baptists, Quakers)
Belief Christians predestined from birth for salvation or damnation (Presbyterians).
Italian diplomat and man of letters- established ideal for well rounded individual. Ideal man, ideal woman.
The wests first political scientist. Wrote The Prince- argued need for strong state justifies strong ruler.
Greatest English Writer of the century. Wrote the Canterbury Tales.
A Florentine Italian artist of the Early Renaissance best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise.
Was the voice of the Protestant reformation- son of a rural coal miner- became Augustinian monk- married and had 6 children.
One of the two most voval critics of the Catholic Church. Oxford scholar. Followers called Lollards.
Architect, poet, engineer, sculptor, painter, and genius of late 15th century.
Known as "Father of Humanism".
Leading Christian humanist, led the critical study of the Bible and writings of church leaders.
Italian writer. Wrote the Decameron. Collection of stores with a plague setting.