Humanities final exam Chapters 15, 16,17, & 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Humanities final exam Chapters 15, 16,17, & 19 Deck (39)
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1

New art of music. New musical style developed in 14th Century characterized by greater richness of and complexity of sound.

Ars Nova

(HINT: Nova means new)

2

Famous painting by Giotto. Depicts Mary holding Jesus, John flinging arms.

The Lamentation

3

Located in Rome, the official residence of the pope. Famous for its architecture, evocative of Solomons temple of the old testament. Frescoes done by the greatest Renaissance artists including Michelangelo, Raphael, Bernini, and Sandro Botticelli.

Sistine Chapel

4

Collection of stories with a plague setting.

The Decameron

5

Birthplace of the Renaissance. Thriving commercial center. Financial center dominated by prosperous middle class. Political and cultural leadership in the wealthy and sophisticated Medici family.

Florence, Italy

6

Book writen by Fancisco Petrarch. Imagines conversation with St. Augustine.

Secretum "My Secret"

7

Idea of Thomas More, classical political satire - means "no place" and "good place"

Utopia

8

Elizabethan drama became the ideal vehicle for exposing the psychological forces that motivate human behavior. Written by William Shakespeare.

Hamlet

9

A triptych work. 3 separate works. Adam & Eve on left, youthful nudes in center, and hell on right.

The Creation of Eve: The Garden of Earthly Delights: Hell.

10

Written by Thomas Kempis. Put message of Jesus into daily practice. After bible, this book was the most frequently published book in the Christian west well into modern times.

Imitatio Christi (Imitation of Christ)

11

Between the Eastern Church and the Western Church in 1054. A split within the Roman Catholic Church that lasted from 1378 to 1417.

The Great Schism

12

Bubonic plague. Originated in Asia, spread by Mongol tribes. Spread by flea bearing black rats into Mediterranean ports.

The Black Death

13

The movement to recover, edit, and study Ancient Creek and Latin manuscripts, took in the 14th century Italy, where it marked the beginnings of the Renaissance.

Classical humanism

14

Religious movement in the Neverlands. Harnessed the dominate strains of anticlericalism, lay piety, and mysticism

Devotio Moderna

15

The relocation of the popes from Rome to Avignon.

Avignon Papacy

16

Attention to human society and social interaction.

Social Realism

17

Total emphasis on Christian conscience and voluntary acceptance of Christ- Rejected sacraments as sources of God's grace- (Baptists, Quakers)

Anabaptism

18

Means re-birth.

Renaissance

19

Belief Christians predestined from birth for salvation or damnation (Presbyterians).

Calvinism

20

Italian diplomat and man of letters- established ideal for well rounded individual. Ideal man, ideal woman.

Castigliogne

21

The wests first political scientist. Wrote The Prince- argued need for strong state justifies strong ruler.

Machiavelli

22

Greatest English Writer of the century. Wrote the Canterbury Tales.

Geoffrey Chaucer

23

A Florentine Italian artist of the Early Renaissance best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise.

Lorenzo Ghiberti

24

Was the voice of the Protestant reformation- son of a rural coal miner- became Augustinian monk- married and had 6 children.

Martin Luther

25

One of the two most voval critics of the Catholic Church. Oxford scholar. Followers called Lollards.

John Wycliffe

26

Architect, poet, engineer, sculptor, painter, and genius of late 15th century.

Michelangelo Buonarroti

27

Known as "Father of Humanism".

Francisco Petrarch

28

Leading Christian humanist, led the critical study of the Bible and writings of church leaders.

Desiderious Erasmus

29

Italian writer. Wrote the Decameron. Collection of stores with a plague setting.

Giovanni Boccaccio

30

Created the Mona Lisa, The Last Supper. Artist/Scientist tried to reconcile empirical experience with abstract principles of design.

Leonardo Da Vinci