Exam 2 Chapters 9-13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2 Chapters 9-13 Deck (37)
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1

Central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language.

Qur'n (Koran)

2

Shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. Lying below the dome is the sacred rock that some identify as the foundation stone of Solomon's temple.

Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem

3

Multi-volume work distinguishes between early city of human kind and the heavenly city that is the eternal dwelling place for the christian soul.

City of God

4

Epic poem and first monumental literary composition in a European vernacular language. Tale of Daring Scandinavia Prince.

Beowulf

5

Behive like mound of earth encased by brick or stone- derived from prehistoric burials.

Stupas

6

Associated with persian sufis

Whirling Dervishes

7

a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.

Allegory

8

Main church in Constantinople.

Hagia Sophia

9

a musical instrument consisting of a flat wooden sound box with numerous strings stretched across it, placed horizontally and played with the fingers and a plectrum.

Zither

10

an epic poem based on the Battle of Roncevaux in 778, during the reign of Charlemagne.

Song of Rowland

11

A fictitious tale of adventure that deals with knights, kings, and ladies acting under the impulse of love, religious faith , or he desire for adventure. Most popular form of literary entertainment 1200-1500.

The Medieval Romance

12

Archaeologist excavated a 7th century Anglo Saxon grave. Undisturbed ship burial.

Sutton Hoo

13

Ornamental containers that housed relics- remains of saints and martyrs, piece of the cross.

Reliquary

14

Enlightened one.

Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)

15

Italian poet, prose writer, literary theorist, moral philosopher, and political thinker. Wrote the Divine comedy.

Dante Alighieri

16

Wrote three visionary treatises.

Hildegard

17

Levied new taxes
Unsuccessful effort to revive a money economy.
Tolerance for all religions including Christians.
Moved capital from Rome to Byzantium.

Constantine

18

Ashoka was an Indian emperor who built Dhamek Stupa. Spread of Buddhism.

King Ashoka

19

Founder of the Benedictine order. Wrote reform of monasteries.

St. Benedict

20

Most famous and influential parisian master of the 13th century. Spent his lifetime studying reason and revelation, he wrote the summa Theologica.

St. Thomas Aquinas

21

Patron sait of translators.

Jerome

22

Renounced his life of luxury and dedicated himself to preching and serving the poor. Icon of humility.

St. Francis of Assisi

23

Most profound and most influential- greatest christian philosopher of christian antiquity.

Augustine of Hippo

24

St. Benedict's sister. Became the abbess of a monastery. Refuge for female intellectuals, an alternative for marriage.

Scholastica

25

Young Jewish rabbi from the city of Nazareth.

Jesus

26

Wife of Justinian. Former dancer and prostitute. Capable tough-minded, added strength.

Theodora

27

Muslim/Persian mathematician.

Al-Khwariziml

28

Crowned emperor of Roman Empire in 800 by Pope Leo III. He established a system or education, stabilized the economy, and welcomed Jewish immigrants to provide a merchant class for commerce.

Charlemagne

29

was an apostle who taught the gospel of the Christ to the 1st-century world

Paul

30

Founder of Islam

Muhammad