#Exam 1- Cognitive approach Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #Exam 1- Cognitive approach Deck (68)
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1

What is the order of MSM

sensory memory
short-term memory
long-term memory

2

How long does sensory memory last

2 seconds

3

how long does STM last?

decays unless rehearsed

4

what is the capacity of STM

5-9 objects

5

what is the capacity and length of LTM

unlimited

6

what supporting evidence does MSM have?

Clive Wearing- has procedural memory, however, has no long-term memory or short-term memory
Miller- Discovered duration of STM

7

evaluation of MSM

S- Clive Wearing
C- Clive Wearing case study doesn't explain how this occurs
O- WMM
U- Shows how we commit things to LTM (SCHOOL)
Reductionist

8

What are the three components of the WMM

the central executive
phonological loop
visuospatial sketchpad

9

What does the central executive do?

Allows us to pay direct attention to certain things in our environment, use in strategic thinking, maths problems and problem-solving

10

what does the phonological loop do

deals with auditory information

11

Visuospatial sketchpad purpose

visual information is stored here

12

Evaluation of WMM

S- Baddeley and Hitch showed we can complete tasks when they are from different parts of the WMM
C- schmolck shows it is more confusing then what is initially thought
O-WMM
U- the Education system also shows how we take in memories
T- strong controls in Baddeleys study
Low ecological validity

13

Episodic and semantic memory has two key concepts what are they?

episodic and semantic memory

14

what is the episodic memory

remembers life events

15

what are context and state cues within episodic memory

context- time referencing and context of a situation
state- emotional state

16

semantic memory is where we store

facts, dates, rules, concepts and knowledge

17

what is referred to as a mental encyclopedia

semantic memory

18

evaluate episodic and semantic memory

S- KC (motorbike) good semantic memory poor episodic
C- Clive Wearing has a procedural memory which is neither
O/T- relies heavily on case studies, MSM is conflicting evidence
U- neuroscience also backs this theory it suggests we have different brain areas for each type of memory

19

Whos theory is MSM

Atkinson and Shiffrin

20

Whos theory is WMM

Baddeley and Hitch

21

Whos theory is the Episodic and Semantic memory

Tulving

22

Whos theory is Reconstructive Memory

Bartlett

23

Key concepts of reconstructive memory

the idea that memories are affected by prior experiences- we reconstruct our own memories

24

what is a schema

schemas allow us to make sense of what is happening and what we should do

25

what is confabulation

a disturbance in memory which can lead to fabrication or a misinterpreted memory

26

emotional perception is

the ability to recognise certain emotions in others

27

Evaluate Reconstructive memory

S- the war of the ghosts, Native American story is westernised
O- MSM states that we remember something through maintenance and elaborative rehearsal
U- Shows us that we can't rely on one witnesses testimony as it can be influenced
T- hard to test as it hard to determine how many changes people made to a story

28

what is the case study in cognitive psychology

HM

29

what is the classical study of cognitive psychology

Baddeley 1996b

30

Why did HM need surgery

he suffered severe epilepsy