#Exam 1- Social Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in #Exam 1- Social Psychology Deck (49)
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1

What is the key concept of Agency Theory

The idea that we face authority-go through moral strain then either go into an autonomous or agentic state

2

What is the Agentic state

Obeying an authority figure ( 65% of ppts shocking to 450 V)

3

What is the Autonomous state

Making your own choice- the 35% who refused to shock to 450v

4

What is moral strain

When people become uncomfortable with their behaviour

5

Evaluation of agency theory

S-Milgrams study showed people in moral strain
C-original study fails to explain why people entered autonomous state
O-theories involve social impact and identity theory
U-this theory is useful as it can be applied to the police and armed forces so that one person isn’t given to much power.
T-milgram used his own study

6

What does social impact theory suggest causes obedience ?

The strength of authority figure
The number of authority figures
And the immediacy

7

What is supporting evidence for strength, number and immediacy

Number- milgram
Strength- ordinary man variation
Immediacy- telephone varitaion

8

What is the psychosocial law

As number of sources increase each person has less influence

9

What is the multiplicative effect

Combination of all three sources

10

What is the divisional effect

Ability of speaker to persuade an audience

11

Social impact theory evaluation

S-Milgram’s studies such as no9 telephonic experiment
C-Mullen conflicts with SIT as he said the analysis of strength and immediacy lacked consistency
O-agency theory states that it is only strength of source which affects obedience’s
U-this is useful as it shows us a various amount of factors which effect obedience levels
T-has a maths equation means predictions can be made

12

What are the situational factors affecting obedience

Momentum of compliance
Proximity
Status of authority
Personal responsibility

13

What is the momentum of compliance

When the change occurs slowly so that when the bad action is committed they don’t feel as bad about it

14

What are the Individual factors which affect obedience

Personality
Culture
Gender

15

What ways do personality affect obedience

Authoritarian- more submissive to authority figures
Locus of control- believing your behaviour is affected by outside sources
Empathy- people who have more empathy protest more

16

Which culture obeys more collectivist or individualist

Collectivist

17

Does gender effect obedience

No ( milgrams study shows same levels)

18

What is theory explains prejudice

Social identity theory

19

What are the three components to Social identity theory

Social categorisation, social identification, social comparison

20

What is social categorisation

Process of deciding which group you belong to

21

What is social identification

Absorbing the culture of that group

22

What is social comparison

Making your in-group look better then your out-group

23

Evaluation of social identity theory

S-sherif’s study into prejudice- social comparison when the two groups would fight
C-sherif’s findings conflict with SIT and agree with RCT because it suggests that conflict was caused over shared resources
O-realistic conflict theory
U-shows that super ordinate goals reduces prejudice in society
T- society isn’t as simple as in groups and out groups and Is therefore reductionist and hard to test out

24

What is the key idea behind realistic conflict theory

That prejudice occurs over a competition over a shared resource.

25

What are the three main components to RCT

In group favouritism
Inter group conflict
Superordinate goals

26

What do Ingroup favouritism, intergroup conflict and superordinate goals mean

In group - seeing needs of your group as bigger then others
Inter group conflict- conflict between two groups
Superordinate goals- when groups work together

27

RCT evaluation

S- sheriff’s study showed that superordinate goals solve prejudice
C-Duckitt suggests it comes from unequal status - Falkland island war
O- social identity theory
U- can be used in real life to be able to remove prejudice from society

28

What are the individual factors affecting prejudice and discrimination

Authoritarian personality
Ethnocentrism
Locus of control

29

What are situational factors which affect prejudice

Culture
Competition
Presence of a group

30

What was the aim of milgrams original study

Test to see if Germans were different to other