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Flashcards in Exam 1- Social Psychology Deck (49):
1

What is the key concept of Agency Theory

The idea that we face authority-go through moral strain then either go into an autonomous or agentic state

2

What is the Agentic state

Obeying an authority figure ( 65% of ppts shocking to 450 V)

3

What is the Autonomous state

Making your own choice- the 35% who refused to shock to 450v

4

What is moral strain

When people become uncomfortable with their behaviour

5

Evaluation of agency theory

S-Milgrams study showed people in moral strain
C-original study fails to explain why people entered autonomous state
O-theories involve social impact and identity theory
U-this theory is useful as it can be applied to the police and armed forces so that one person isn’t given to much power.
T-milgram used his own study

6

What does social impact theory suggest causes obedience ?

The strength of authority figure
The number of authority figures
And the immediacy

7

What is supporting evidence for strength, number and immediacy

Number- milgram
Strength- ordinary man variation
Immediacy- telephone varitaion

8

What is the psychosocial law

As number of sources increase each person has less influence

9

What is the multiplicative effect

Combination of all three sources

10

What is the divisional effect

Ability of speaker to persuade an audience

11

Social impact theory evaluation

S-Milgram’s studies such as no9 telephonic experiment
C-Mullen conflicts with SIT as he said the analysis of strength and immediacy lacked consistency
O-agency theory states that it is only strength of source which affects obedience’s
U-this is useful as it shows us a various amount of factors which effect obedience levels
T-has a maths equation means predictions can be made

12

What are the situational factors affecting obedience

Momentum of compliance
Proximity
Status of authority
Personal responsibility

13

What is the momentum of compliance

When the change occurs slowly so that when the bad action is committed they don’t feel as bad about it

14

What are the Individual factors which affect obedience

Personality
Culture
Gender

15

What ways do personality affect obedience

Authoritarian- more submissive to authority figures
Locus of control- believing your behaviour is affected by outside sources
Empathy- people who have more empathy protest more

16

Which culture obeys more collectivist or individualist

Collectivist

17

Does gender effect obedience

No ( milgrams study shows same levels)

18

What is theory explains prejudice

Social identity theory

19

What are the three components to Social identity theory

Social categorisation, social identification, social comparison

20

What is social categorisation

Process of deciding which group you belong to

21

What is social identification

Absorbing the culture of that group

22

What is social comparison

Making your in-group look better then your out-group

23

Evaluation of social identity theory

S-sherif’s study into prejudice- social comparison when the two groups would fight
C-sherif’s findings conflict with SIT and agree with RCT because it suggests that conflict was caused over shared resources
O-realistic conflict theory
U-shows that super ordinate goals reduces prejudice in society
T- society isn’t as simple as in groups and out groups and Is therefore reductionist and hard to test out

24

What is the key idea behind realistic conflict theory

That prejudice occurs over a competition over a shared resource.

25

What are the three main components to RCT

In group favouritism
Inter group conflict
Superordinate goals

26

What do Ingroup favouritism, intergroup conflict and superordinate goals mean

In group - seeing needs of your group as bigger then others
Inter group conflict- conflict between two groups
Superordinate goals- when groups work together

27

RCT evaluation

S- sheriff’s study showed that superordinate goals solve prejudice
C-Duckitt suggests it comes from unequal status - Falkland island war
O- social identity theory
U- can be used in real life to be able to remove prejudice from society

28

What are the individual factors affecting prejudice and discrimination

Authoritarian personality
Ethnocentrism
Locus of control

29

What are situational factors which affect prejudice

Culture
Competition
Presence of a group

30

What was the aim of milgrams original study

Test to see if Germans were different to other

31

Who participated in milgrams study

40 US males

32

How many went to 450 v in milgrams study

65%

33

Evaluation of milgrams original study

G- no
R- yes high control factors
A-police and military
V- iv- high
Ev- low
E- no protection from harm
No right to withdrawal
Limited consent
Debriefed

34

What was no 10 of milgrams variation.

Run down office block

35

What was no 7 of milgrams experiment

Telephonic instruction

36

What was no 13 of milgrams experiments

Ordinary man

37

What is the contemporary study for social psychology

Burger ( up dated milgram )

38

How many continued to full charge in burgers study

63.3%

39

Evaluation of burger

Same as milgram
More ethical as it had a screening process and only went to 150v

40

Who was the prejudice classical study

Sherif et al

41

What happened in sherifs study

Two groups of boys spend time in summer camp. The groups have a competition between each other

42

What were the results of sherifs study

Stage 2 friendships were 6.4% and 7.5%
Stage 3 36.4% and 23.2%

43

Evaluation of sherifs study

G- only young American boys
R- high control factors all white and same age and class
A- applicable as it shows how to get rid of prejudice
V - high internal validity
- high ecological validity
E- consent was given
Boys made up after
There was fighting

44

What is the key question for social psychology

Can psychology explain cult behaviour

45

Facts about cults (A01)

Follow strong living leader
Cult leader Is often manipulative
Cult members don’t have authoritarian personality and are vulnerable

46

A02 what theories explain cult behaviour

Agency theory- cults have strong figure head KKK has multiple leaders
Social impact theory- KKK once had 4 million member
RCT- white members believe black take away white rights

47

What was the practical for social psychology

Does age influence beliefs about homosexuality

48

What were the results

3.3 for younger
5.77 - older have a more varied opinion

49

Evaluation of practical

G- no only people from north east England
R- high control factors everyone revived same questions
A- can show to see if older have more prejudice outlook
V- low ecological validity
High internal validity
E- some people may be offended by topic of questionaire