Flashcards in Exam 1 Urology Deck (74)
What is the inheritance pattern for Tuberous Sclerosis?
What is the Honsfeld unit for fat?
Pothoven says angiomyolipomas under what size get observed?
What part of the nephron do oncocytomas arise from?
What syndrome has familiam oncocytomas?
What is the most lethal of all renal tumors?
renal cell carcinomas
In which two decades to RCCs often arise?
6th or 7th
What part of the nephron do RCCs typically arise from? Which two types?
clear cell and papillary
What is the pattern of inheritance for VHL?
At what age do patients with VHL typically present with kidney cancer?
3rd or 4th decade
What are the four paraneoplastic syndromes associated with renal cell carcinoma?
non-metastatic liver dysfunction (Stauffers)
Medullary kidney tumors are associated with what condition?
Do biopsies of rental tumors change the treatment?
What type of specific kidney pathology does Hyperfiltration Injury lead to?
What is the first sign of hyperfiltration injury?
What is RCC resistant to?
chemo. and radiation
What is the only therapy shown to aid in the remission of metastatic RCC?
A drug targeting what type of factor may aid in the treatment of RCC?
What three specific angiogenic factors did Pothoven mention?
What is the most common presentation regarding transitional cell carcninoma during contrast imaging?
defect in collecting system
What is the gold standard for tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter?
What is the prognosis of metastatic renal tumors?
Where in the brain is the micturition center located?
What can diuretics do to the detrusor?
uninhibited detrusor contractions
What type of medications are the mainstay of Oberactive Bladder? What conditions
In what eye condition are anti-cholinergics contraindicated?
Which beta-adrenergic agonist isotype is located in the bladder?
Beta-3 agonists or antagonists for overactive bladder? Monitor for?
What type of medications can help stress incontinence?