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Flashcards in Exam 1 Urology Deck (74)
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1

What is the inheritance pattern for Tuberous Sclerosis?

AD

2

What is the Honsfeld unit for fat?

-20

3

Pothoven says angiomyolipomas under what size get observed?

4cm

4

What part of the nephron do oncocytomas arise from?

distal tubule

5

What syndrome has familiam oncocytomas?

Birt-Hogg-Dube

6

What is the most lethal of all renal tumors?

renal cell carcinomas

7

In which two decades to RCCs often arise?

6th or 7th

8

What part of the nephron do RCCs typically arise from? Which two types?

PCT

clear cell and papillary

9

What is the pattern of inheritance for VHL?

autosomal dominant

10

At what age do patients with VHL typically present with kidney cancer?

3rd or 4th decade

11

What are the four paraneoplastic syndromes associated with renal cell carcinoma?

hypercalcemia

HTN

polycythemia

non-metastatic liver dysfunction (Stauffers)

12

Medullary kidney tumors are associated with what condition?

sickle cell

13

Do biopsies of rental tumors change the treatment?

no

14

What type of specific kidney pathology does Hyperfiltration Injury lead to?

FSGS

15

What is the first sign of hyperfiltration injury?

proteinuria

16

What is RCC resistant to?

chemo. and radiation

17

What is the only therapy shown to aid in the remission of metastatic RCC?

IL-2

18

A drug targeting what type of factor may aid in the treatment of RCC?

angiogenic

19

What three specific angiogenic factors did Pothoven mention?

sunitinab

sorafenib

temsirolimus

20

What is the most common presentation regarding transitional cell carcninoma during contrast imaging?

defect in collecting system

21

What is the gold standard for tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter?

nephro-ureterectomy

22

What is the prognosis of metastatic renal tumors?

poor

23

Where in the brain is the micturition center located?

pons

24

What can diuretics do to the detrusor?

uninhibited detrusor contractions

25

What type of medications are the mainstay of Oberactive Bladder? What conditions

anti-cholinergics

26

In what eye condition are anti-cholinergics contraindicated?

narrow-angle glaucoma

27

Which beta-adrenergic agonist isotype is located in the bladder?

beta three

28

Beta-3 agonists or antagonists for overactive bladder? Monitor for?

Agonist

HTN

29

What type of medications can help stress incontinence?

no medications

30

Do kegels help the external or internal urethral sphincter?

external