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Flashcards in Test Two Deck (193)
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1

What are the three defining criteria of Acute Kidney Injury?

> creatinine 0.3 mg/dL

> 50% increase in creatinine

drop of urine output of 500 mL over 24 hours

2

A serum creatinine of 3 corresponds to a GFR of what value?

25 mL/day

3

A serum creatinine of 2 corresponds to a GFR of what value?

50 mL/day

4

What is more accurate, BUN or creatinine?

creatinine

5

What is the FENa of pre-renal azotemia?

less than one

6

What can prolonged pre-renal azotemia lead to?

ATN

7

What is the FENa of ATN?

> 2%

8

What is the most common cause of AKI?

ATN

9

What zone of the prostate does BPH come from?

transitional zone

10

Which zone of the prostate does cancer come from?

peripheral

11

What two nutrients for sperm cells are secreted by the prostate?

fructose and citrate

12

What is the function of PSA?

liquify semen

13

Can hematuria be a sign of BPH?

yes

14

Which alpa1- receptor is located in the vasculature?

A1B

15

How long does it take for 5α Reductase Inhibitors to work?

3 months

16

What is the gold standard surgical procedure for treating BPH?

TURP

17

Are there symptoms with early prostate cancer?

no

18

Will antibiotics increase or decrease PSA levels?

decrease

19

PSA density greater than what gets a biopsy?

> 0.15

20

Does Smith say that patients with prostate cancer have a higher or lower percentage of complexed PSA?

higher

21

Greater than what percent of suspicious prostate exams are cancerous?

50%

22

Is imaging recommended for detection of prostate cancer?

no

23

What are the two indications for prostate biopsy?

abnormal DRE

abnormal PSA

24

What type of cancer are the majority of prostatic cancers?

adenocarcinoma

25

Which two treatment modalities for prostate cancer have the same outcomes at ten years?

prostatectomy

external beam radiation

26

When is hormone therapy used for prostate cancer?

metastatic palliation

27

What is the treatment for metastatic prostate cancer?

androgen deprivation

28

External spermatic fascia arises from what abdominal muscle?

external oblique

29

Cremasteric muscle arises from what abdominal muscle?

internal oblique

30

Internal spermatic fascia arises from what abdominal muscle?

transversalis fascia