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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (91)
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1

Dysfunction

Key ingredient to emotional deficits that lead to social problems

2

Effect of parenting on delinquency

+ Parenting lowers risk of delinquency in high crime areas
- Parenting increases the risk of children becoming delinquent

3

Family Composition

Traditional families are in the past
75% of mothers of school aged children are employed.

4

"Good Wife's Guide"

Women were expected to be subservient and obedient to their husbands, has drastically changed in the recent years

5

Underground Child Care

90% of facilities run without license

6

Latch Key Children

Children who return from school to an empty home

7

Four Main Categories for Family Dysfunction

Breakup
Conflict
Ineffectiveness
Deviance

8

Breakup

Positive correlation between delinquency and family break ups
Blended families are less stable
Boys are more affected by the post divorce absence of their father
Girls are more affected by the quality of the mother's parenting

9

Conflict

Family conflict causes more damage than family break up.
A child's perception of their parents' marital happiness is a predictor of delinquency

10

Family Ineffectiveness

Inconsistent discipline
Physical punishment
Inconsistent supervision
poor parenting.

11

Resource Dilution

Large families are more likely produce delinquents, resources run thin for every child

12

Family Deviance

Genetics, substance abuse, link between criminality of sons and fathers

13

Child Abuse

Any physical or emotional trauma to a child for which no reasonable explanation can be found

14

Types of Child Abuse

Physical, neglect, emotional, sexual, abandonment

15

First documented case of child abuse

1847 - Mary Ellen Wilson removed from her parents by SPCA

16

Abuse Statistics

1 in 10 boys and 1 in 3 girls have been victims of exploitation
EA / Middle Class
Boys get less attention from authorities

17

Causes of Child Abuse

Parents who suffered abuse themselves abuse their own children
Isolated and alienated families become abusive
Cyclical pattern of violence

18

CAPTA

Child Abuse Prevention & Treatment Act of 1974
Provides federal funding to states in support of prevention, investigation, and treatment, all states have mandated reporting laws.

19

State Intervention Process

Allegations
Advisement Hearing
Pretrial Conference
Adjudication
Disposition
Review Hearing

20

Allegations

Social Service agency files a petition alleging abuse. Most often, through the hotline.

21

Advisement hearing

Review the facts, determine whether permanent removal is justified. Notify parents of charges against them.

22

Pretrial

Conference is held if the parents deny the petition, attorney for the state presents an overview of the case. Settlement can be negotiated.

23

Adjudication

Fact finding stage to determine if the children are in need of CINA. If so, see 5.

24

Disposition

Most important stage. Social service agency presents its case plan. An agreement is reached by which parents commit themselves to the state order.

25

Living Arrangement Tiers

Reunification
Guardianship
Adoption
APPLA (Another Permanent Plan of Living Arrangement)

26

Coy v. Ohio

SCOTUS ruled that unless there is a finding that the child witness needs special protection, the 6th amendment grants defendants "face to face" confrontation through a one way glass partition

27

Maryland v. Craig

SCOTUS said that CCTV testimony is sufficient for in-court statements in special protection cases.

28

Clique

small group of friends who share activities and confidences

29

Crowds

Loosely organized groups of children who share interests

30

Controversial status youth

highly liked or intensely disliked by their peers