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1

Where and when was the first juvenile court system established?

1899, Cook County, Illinois
Chicago

2

How many children under 18 are there in the US?

Approx. 75 Million
37% of the population

3

Talk about how the media affects young adults

"PEEL BACK THE ONION"
Comic books in the 50's
Rap music, violent video games, negative imagery

4

Ego Identity

Having a firm sense of knowing who you are and what you stand for

5

Role Diffusion

People spread themselves too thin and experience personal uncertainty

Often place themselves at the mercy of others

6

At-risk student

Youth who are vulnreable to the negative consequences of school failure, substance abuse, and early sex
(drug use, alcohol, sexuality)

7

What percent of the population under 17 are at risk?

Approx 25%

8

Five Main Problems for American Youth

"People hunger inside for salad"

Poverty
Health
Inadequate Education
Family Problems
Substandard Living Conditions

9

Poverty Stats

37 Million people are classified as poor, 1/3rd of those are children

10

Health coverage

10% of children do not have health coverage

11

Health opportunities

Glasses example
Treating learning disorders early

12

Family issues

Divorce affects about half of new families

13

Substandard living conditions

A child's environment drastically affects their behavior
Apartment settings, bad neighborhoods
At risk for drive-bys, addiciton, STD's

14

Inadequate education

Poor schools everywhere
No education, no one to guide them and to have them MAKE GOOD CHOICES

15

Paternalistic families

Father had control of the house
Children were not children, and often treated as adults

"Children were seen and not heard"

16

Gender divide in paternalistic families

Boys were educated, girls were desecrated

17

Parens Patriae

Power of the state to act on the behalf of the child to provide care and protection equivalent to that of a parent

18

Society for the Prevention of Pauperism

Movement that protected children from adult environments, such as taverns, parlors, etc.

Eventually known as the Child Savers

19

House of Refuge

Facility developed by the Child Savers to protect potential criminal youths and take them off of the street

Developed in 1825 - NYC

20

Juvenile Court Act

1899
Established juvenile courts that created separate programs for children, as well as treat children entirely differently than that of adults.

21

Parens patriae and the system

Delinquent vs. Criminal
State needs to act in the best interest of the child.

Treatment, not punishment

22

Age of Majority

Age where a child is treated as an adult. (18 in MD)

23

Status offense

Conduct that is illegal because of the person's age
(drinking, truancy, running away, etc)

24

Waiver / Bindover / Automatic Adult Jurisdiction

Waiving cases over to the adult system.
Certain offenses are automatically handed in adult court as opposed to child court
(1st deg murder, 1st deg assault, etc)

25

Uniform Crime Report

Published data from police departments
Divided into Part I and Part II Crimes

26

What are the three ways that crimes are reported?

UCR
Victimization Surveys
Self Reports

27

Part I

Part I (Index Crimes)
Homicide, Rape, Robbery, Assault, Burglary, Larceny, Arson, Motor Theft

28

Part II

All crimes that are not part I

29

How does the UCR Work?

# of reported crimes, crime rates per 100k, change in # over time

30

Problems with the UCR

<1/2 of all victims report crimes.
Only the most serious offense is counted for an arrest.