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Flashcards in THE FINAL EXAM Deck (56)
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1

Primary Public Health view of Delinquency

Identify healthcare services and prevention education

2

Secondary Public Health view of Delinquency

Intervene at risk youth at the right time

3

Home based programs

Visitation based programs for 1st time mothers to be under 19

4

Improve Parenting Skills

Work with parents of young children

5

Pre school

3-5 y/o
primary time of development

6

Community based programs

Head Start

7

Bifurcated process

Separating the adjudication and disposition hearing.

8

Juvenile Justice Process

Police Investigation
Detention
Pre-Trial
Adjudication
Disposition
Treatment

9

Similarities between Juvenile and Criminal Court

Standard of proof, due process, probation services, Miranda Warning, right to counsel, pre-trail motions

10

Differences between Juvenile and Criminal Court

Punishment vs. Treatment
Juveniles have no right to jury trial
Age
Language
Juvenile proceedings are not considered criminal, and are usually informal / private

11

Prosecutor

brings charges against the defendant, prove beyond reasonable doubt that the person did commit the crime

12

Judge

Mediate the courtroom, ensure everyone's rights are protected, disposition decisions

13

Guardian ad litem

represents welfare cases, appointed when there is a question of treatment

14

How can an individual enter the system?

Parents, Police, School, Community

15

Schall v. Martin (84)

Juveniles can be detained until their court hearings.

16

Typical male delinquent

over 16, charged with a violent crime

17

Typical female delinquent

under 16, runaway

18

Typical female delinquent

under 16, runaway

19

Restructured Detention of Adult Jails

JJDPA amendments made sure that juveniles cant be housed with adolescents.

20

Complaint

Report made by police or agency

21

Petition

Formal complaint that initiates judicial action against juvenile.
Contains name, age, residence, parents name, alleged delinquent acts

22

Plea Bargaining

(90% of adult cases), less common in juvenile court

23

Diversion

Non-judicial proceedings to avoid stigmatization and labelling, created to remove non-serious offenders from the system

24

Kent vs. United States (66)

Due process dealing with waiver, set up criteria

25

In re Gault (67)

Established due process constitutional rights in delinquency adjudication proceedings. Did not get an opportunity to confront accuser, was sentenced to a facility to the remainder of this juvenile years. Was not notified of his charges, was not cross examined, established rights for youth.

26

In re Winship (70)

Established "beyond a reasonable doubt" as standard of proof, no longer preponderance of evidence.

27

Mckeiver vs. Pennsylvania (71)

Established that trial by jury is not a constitutional right.

28

Breed vs. Jones (75)

Individual can not be tried in adult court if already tried in juvenile court.

29

Roper v. Simmons

SCOTS deemed that it is unconstitutional to put an individual to death under 18.
366 juvenile offenders have been executed since 1642.

30

Community Treatment

Allows for the individual to fix their behavior in their own environment
Healthier for the individual. Community Treatment is not the best option, for the chronic 6 percent.