Flashcards in Exam 2 Antivirals Deck (13):
Name 7 common antiviral medications used to manage herpes
1. acyclovir (Zovirax)
2. acyclovir 5% and hydrocortisone 1% (Xerese)
3. penciclovir (denavir)
4. famciclovir (Famvir)
5. valacyclovir (Valtrex)
6. docosanol (Abreva) - OTC
7. benzalkonium 0.13% in isopropyl alcohol (Viroxyn)
What 2 medications are contraindicated with viral infections?
2. SYSTEMIC corticosteroids
What herpes medication can be given systemically and topically, and is approved for immunocompromised patients?
What herpes is external use only and NOT for the immunocompromised?
acyclovir 5% and hydrocortison 1% (Xerese)
What topical cream is given to treat herpes, EXTERNAL lesions only. Place it every 2 hours for 4 days.
What herpes medication is only given in 1 dose, at the first sign of prodrome so patient never gets the lesion?
What herpes medication is taken in 2 doses at the first sign of prodrome. It is draw back is that it is expensive
What is the recommended OTC herpes medication?
What herpes medication is professionally dispensed in a single dose applicator vial, rubbed on at prodrome?
benzalkonium 0.13% in isopropyl alcohol (Viroxyn)
What is the course of therapy (6 things) when treating oral viral infections?
1. Palliative care
2. Antiviral drug
3. Topical anesthetics
What are the 2 main side effects with systemic antiviral agents?
1. Bone marrow suppression
2. Blood dyscrasias - thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, aplastic anemia
Primary herpes infections can present as what 3 things?
2. recurrent lip lesions
3. intraoral ulcers