Exam 2 Antivirals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2 Antivirals Deck (13):
1

Name 7 common antiviral medications used to manage herpes

1. acyclovir (Zovirax)
2. acyclovir 5% and hydrocortisone 1% (Xerese)
3. penciclovir (denavir)
4. famciclovir (Famvir)
5. valacyclovir (Valtrex)
6. docosanol (Abreva) - OTC
7. benzalkonium 0.13% in isopropyl alcohol (Viroxyn)

2

What 2 medications are contraindicated with viral infections?

1. Antibiotics
2. SYSTEMIC corticosteroids

3

What herpes medication can be given systemically and topically, and is approved for immunocompromised patients?

acyclovir (Zovirax)

4

What herpes is external use only and NOT for the immunocompromised?

acyclovir 5% and hydrocortison 1% (Xerese)

5

What topical cream is given to treat herpes, EXTERNAL lesions only. Place it every 2 hours for 4 days.

penciclovir (Denavir)

6

What herpes medication is only given in 1 dose, at the first sign of prodrome so patient never gets the lesion?

famciclovir (Famvir)

7

What herpes medication is taken in 2 doses at the first sign of prodrome. It is draw back is that it is expensive

valacyclovir (Valtrex)

8

What is the recommended OTC herpes medication?

docosanol (Abreva)

9

What herpes medication is professionally dispensed in a single dose applicator vial, rubbed on at prodrome?

benzalkonium 0.13% in isopropyl alcohol (Viroxyn)

10

What is the course of therapy (6 things) when treating oral viral infections?

1. Palliative care
2. Antiviral drug
3. Topical anesthetics
4. Fluids
5. Vitamins/minerals
6. Rest

11

What are the 2 main side effects with systemic antiviral agents?

1. Bone marrow suppression
2. Blood dyscrasias - thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, aplastic anemia

12

Primary herpes infections can present as what 3 things?

1. gingivostomatitis
2. recurrent lip lesions
3. intraoral ulcers

13

What medication prevents primary herpes infections?

acyclovir