Exam 2- Chapter 4 Kines Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2- Chapter 4 Kines Deck (42):
1

Responsible for movement refer to anatomical parts of the body, such as joints, bones, muscles, and structures of related body systems

Body Structures

2

Physiologic functions of the body and include a category called "neuromusculoskeletal" and movement-related functions.

Body Functions

3

Abilities clients demonstrate in the actions they perform.

Performance skills

4

The ability to plan and perform purposeful movement.

Praxis

5

Actions or behaviors a client uses to move and physically interact with tasks, object, contexts, and environments.

Motor Skills

6

Skilled purposeful movements. ability to carry out sequential motor acts as part of an overall plan rather than individual acts.

Praxis skills

7

joint range of motion

joint mobility

8

joint stability

joint alignment (the physiological stability of the joint related to its structural integrity as compared to the motor skill of aligning the body while moving in relation to task objects)

9

Muscle Power

strength

10

muscle tone

Degree of muscle tone

11

muscle endurance

endurance

12

motor reflexes

stretch, asymmetrical tonic neck, symmetrical tonic neck

13

involuntary movement reactions

righting and supporting

14

Control of voluntary movment

eye-hand/foot coordination, bilateral integration, crossing the midline, fine and gross motor control, and oculomotor

15

Gait patterns

walking patterns and impairments, such as asymmetric gait, stiff gait.

16

___________ is Measurable and observable movement.

Motor behavior

17

____________ identifies the changes in movment behavior that occur as the client progresses through the lifespan from infancy until death

Motor development

18

__________ is also defined as the acquisition and/or modification of learned movement patterns over time.

Motor learning

19

__________ is defined as the outcome of motor learning involving the ability to produce purposeful movements of the extremities and postural adjustments in response to activity and environments demands.

motor control

20

Motor Behavior Areas: Events that occur covering months, years or decades

Motor development

21

Motor Behavior Areas: events that occur over hours, days and weeks.

motor learning

22

Motor Behavior Areas: Events that occur over short time intervals

motor control

23

______________ is characterized by the inability to produce the desired movement strategy necessary to complete an activity within generally accepted parameters.

Abnormal atypical movment

24

______________ may be able to access and select from numerous movement possibilities to produce multiplanar, complex combinations of movements.

Normal typical movments/ motor behavior

25

_____________ reflects the motor behavior response of a client/individual when typical movement strategies are temporarily or completely no longer feasible.

Normal atypical movement

26

Hemiparesis is?

Partial paralysis or one side

27

_____________ is reflective of highly trained motor skills and motor control.

normal (enhanced) typical movment

28

State of the body in relationship to gravity, the ground and to its body parts or extremities.

Posture

29

The regulation of the body's position in space for the dual purpose of stability and orientation.

Posture control

30

Reflect movements of the trunk or posture in response to changes in task or environmental demands.

Anticipatory postural movments

31

List some Principles of stability

1. lowering the center of gravity will increase stability
2. center of gravity and line of gravity must remain in the base of support for stability.
3. increasing the mass will increase the stability.
4. increasing the base of support will increase the stability.
5. increasing friction between the object and surface will increase stability
6. focusing on a spot will increase stability.

32

___________ refers to the ability to maintain the body in equilibrium.

Stability

33

___________ is the vertical line from the COG to the earth, and BOS.

Line of Gravity (LOG)

34

ROM

Range of motion

35

MMT

manual muscle testing

36

AROM

Active range of motion

37

AAROM

active assist range of motion

38

_________ is the feel experienced by a clinician at the end range of motion for a joint.

End feel

39

___________ is the feel experienced when two muscles groups are compressed.

Soft End Feel

example: knee flexion and elbow flexion

40

______________ is the feel experienced when a normal joint or ligament is stretched.

Firm end feel

example:Wrist flexion or extension

41

___________ is the feel experienced when two bones block motion.

Hard end feel

Example: ebow extension

42

______________ is the feel experienced when the typical quality of feel is different.

Abnormal end feel

Example: spasticity, muscle guarding, or springy sensation.