Flashcards in Exam 2- Chapter 4 Kines Deck (42):
Responsible for movement refer to anatomical parts of the body, such as joints, bones, muscles, and structures of related body systems
Physiologic functions of the body and include a category called "neuromusculoskeletal" and movement-related functions.
Abilities clients demonstrate in the actions they perform.
The ability to plan and perform purposeful movement.
Actions or behaviors a client uses to move and physically interact with tasks, object, contexts, and environments.
Skilled purposeful movements. ability to carry out sequential motor acts as part of an overall plan rather than individual acts.
joint range of motion
joint alignment (the physiological stability of the joint related to its structural integrity as compared to the motor skill of aligning the body while moving in relation to task objects)
Degree of muscle tone
stretch, asymmetrical tonic neck, symmetrical tonic neck
involuntary movement reactions
righting and supporting
Control of voluntary movment
eye-hand/foot coordination, bilateral integration, crossing the midline, fine and gross motor control, and oculomotor
walking patterns and impairments, such as asymmetric gait, stiff gait.
___________ is Measurable and observable movement.
____________ identifies the changes in movment behavior that occur as the client progresses through the lifespan from infancy until death
__________ is also defined as the acquisition and/or modification of learned movement patterns over time.
__________ is defined as the outcome of motor learning involving the ability to produce purposeful movements of the extremities and postural adjustments in response to activity and environments demands.
Motor Behavior Areas: Events that occur covering months, years or decades
Motor Behavior Areas: events that occur over hours, days and weeks.
Motor Behavior Areas: Events that occur over short time intervals
______________ is characterized by the inability to produce the desired movement strategy necessary to complete an activity within generally accepted parameters.
Abnormal atypical movment
______________ may be able to access and select from numerous movement possibilities to produce multiplanar, complex combinations of movements.
Normal typical movments/ motor behavior
_____________ reflects the motor behavior response of a client/individual when typical movement strategies are temporarily or completely no longer feasible.
Normal atypical movement
Partial paralysis or one side
_____________ is reflective of highly trained motor skills and motor control.
normal (enhanced) typical movment
State of the body in relationship to gravity, the ground and to its body parts or extremities.
The regulation of the body's position in space for the dual purpose of stability and orientation.
Reflect movements of the trunk or posture in response to changes in task or environmental demands.
Anticipatory postural movments
List some Principles of stability
1. lowering the center of gravity will increase stability
2. center of gravity and line of gravity must remain in the base of support for stability.
3. increasing the mass will increase the stability.
4. increasing the base of support will increase the stability.
5. increasing friction between the object and surface will increase stability
6. focusing on a spot will increase stability.
___________ refers to the ability to maintain the body in equilibrium.
___________ is the vertical line from the COG to the earth, and BOS.
Line of Gravity (LOG)
Range of motion
manual muscle testing
Active range of motion
active assist range of motion
_________ is the feel experienced by a clinician at the end range of motion for a joint.
___________ is the feel experienced when two muscles groups are compressed.
Soft End Feel
example: knee flexion and elbow flexion
______________ is the feel experienced when a normal joint or ligament is stretched.
Firm end feel
example:Wrist flexion or extension
___________ is the feel experienced when two bones block motion.
Hard end feel
Example: ebow extension