Exam 2: Kines Chap 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2: Kines Chap 7 Deck (55):
1

What does AROM stand for?

Active Range of Motion(176)

2

What makes up the shoulder complex?

GH joint, scapula, clavicle, humerus(176)

3

What does the shoulder complex control?

placement of the hand in its occupational space(177)

4

True/FalseThe humerus moves in synchronization with the scapula at the GH joint

True(177)

5

What are the 6 motions of the scapula?

elevation, depression, retraction, protraction, internal rotation, external rotation(177)

6

Are these all the motions of the GH joint?Flexion, Extention, adduction, abduction, horizontal adduction, horizontal abduction

No; there is also internal and external rotation(177)

7

What term describes the movement relationship between the scapula in the shoulder girdle and the GH joint?

Scapulohumeral rhythm(180)

8

T/FScapulohumeral rhythm is described as a synchronization of combined movements that occur between the scapula and humerus during GH joint flexion and abduction.

True(180)

9

How many degrees of GH joint flexor abduction is known as the "setting phase"?

first 30 degrees(182)

10

What is the 2:1 ratio?

The second phase where the scapula rotates abducts and upward 1 degree for every 2 degrees of the GH joint flexion and abduction.(182)

11

What is the 2:1 ratio a measurement of?

scapulohumeral rhythm(182)

12

Is the 2:1 ratio consistent in the final phase of scapulohumeral rhythm?

No; in the final phase the scapula moves more then the GH joint(182-3)

13

Muscles that work together or in unison are...

synergists(183)

14

Muscles that work against each other to equal or cancel out movement....

antagonist(183)

15

What is a force couple?

Muscles that act together to provide a stronger functional movement(183)

16

What are the 2 requirements of a force couple?

1- movement must be rotary in nature2- line of force and pull of angle of all muscles must be in opposing directions

17

How many parts make up the trapezius?

3upper, middle, lower

18

How many parts make up the deltoid?

3anterior, middle, posterior

19

What is another name for Primary Adhesive Capsulitis?

"Frozen Shoulder"(186)

20

What are the 3 stages of frozen shoulder?

1- painful stage2- stiffening stage3- thawing stage

21

What is hemiplegia?

paralysis of one side of the body after a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or stroke

22

This is a partial dislocation of the humerus at the GH joint.

Shoulder Sublaxation(think of Bobbie sticking her thumb in Clyde's shoulder)

23

What is Erb's Palsy?

injury to a baby's brachial plexus and can cause weakness or paralysis of the arm

24

What is the rotator cuff?

a tendon covering the head of the humerus

25

Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, the Teres major, and the Subscapularis are what?

The 4 muscles connected by the rotator cuff(acronym SITS)

26

T/FThe purpose of the rotator cuff is to lower and rotate the humerus.

False, it is to lift and rotate the humerus

27

What can an impingement cause?

local swelling and soreness

28

What are the 3 types of acromion shapes?

flat, curved, hooked

29

What is it called when the inferior angle of the scapula sticks out from the body?

winging of the scapula

30

What plays a role in joint movement?

Tendon

31

What provides stability for the skeletal system?

Ligament

32

What is the strongest external rotator of the shoulder complex and second most common injury?

infraspinatus

33

What is the largest muscle of the rotator cuff muscle?

subscapularis

34

Show me..................scapular elevation

A image thumb
35

Show me............scapular depression

 

A image thumb
36

Show me............scapular retraction

A image thumb
37

Show me.............scapular protraction

A image thumb
38

Show me......scapular upward rotation

 

A image thumb
39

Show me........shoulder (GH joint) flexion

A image thumb
40

Show me......shoulder (GH joint) extension (also called hyperextension)

A image thumb
41

Show me GH joint Adduction

 

A image thumb
42

Show me..........GH joint horizontal adduction

 

A image thumb
43

Show me........GH Joint Horizontal Abduction

 

A image thumb
44

Show me the moro reflex

A image thumb
45

What is this?

Q image thumb

Shoulder impingement

A image thumb
46

Name the rotator cuff muscles

 

Supraspinatus

Infraspinatus

Teres Minor

Subscapularis

47

What are the acromion types?

 

Q image thumb

A image thumb
48

Show me winging of the scapula

 

A image thumb
49

Show me the empty can exercise

 

A image thumb
50

51

If no muscle contraction can be felt or seen a muscle grade of what is given?

O

52

If mm contraction can be felt, but there is no motion, a muscle grade of what is given?

1 Trace

53

If a part moves through complete ROM against gravity a mm. grade of what is given?

3 Fair

54

If a part moves through complete ROM against gravity and moderate resistance is given a mm. grade of what is given?

4 GOOD

55

If a part moves through complete ROM against gravity and full resistance a mm. grade of what is given?

5 Normal