exam 2 pt. 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in exam 2 pt. 3 Deck (21)
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1
Q

Imbalances of blood sugar and insulin

A

diabetic emergencies

2
Q

begins at childhood, when the body produces little or no insulin

A

Type 1 diabetes (juvenile)

3
Q

usually in adults but found in children, the body makes insulin but not enough the body needs or is resistant

A

Type 2 diabetes

4
Q

high blood sugar

A

hyperglycemia

5
Q

low blood sugar

A

hypoglycemia

6
Q

caused by antigens (foreign substances) which cause the immune system to overreact

A

Allergic reactions

7
Q

Common antigens

A

bee or insect venom
antibodies
pollen
latex
certain foods

8
Q

A substance that causes death when it enters the body

A

Poison

9
Q

4 types of poison

A

swallowed, absorbed, inhaled, injected

10
Q

swallowed poisons

A

mushrooms
drug overdose
alcohol overdose

11
Q

absorbed poisons include

A

poison ivy
poison oak
poison sumac
pesticides

12
Q

Inhaled poisons

A

gases
carbon dioxide
chlorine
fumes
drugs

13
Q

injected poisons

A

spiders
snakes
ticks
injected drugs through needle

14
Q

Muscle spasms usually in the legs and abdomen

A

Heat cramps

15
Q

Illness caused by over exposure to the heat, loss of fluids or electrolytes

A

Heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke

16
Q

Care for heat cramps

A

gently massage affected area

17
Q

more severe than heat cramps;
signals include
cool moist/ ashen blue skin
weakness
exhaustion
headache and nausea

A

heat exhaustion

18
Q

Care for heat exhaustion

A

get them out of heat; give 4 oz of fluid every 15 minutes and allow to rest

19
Q

least common but most severe out-of-heat illness. occurs when people ignore the symptoms of heat exhaustion and the body’s systems become overwhelmed and can’t cool itself

A

Heat stroke

20
Q

care for heat stroke

A

call 9-1-1 immediately
douse or spray with cold water
check forehead, cold towels, ice packs

21
Q

The freezing body parts exposed to the cold and wind severity depends on length of exposure, usually effects the fingers, hand, feet, arms, and legs

A

frostbite