Flashcards in Exam 2 Questions Deck (85)
The taxonomic system of naming organisms was created by
In a phenetic taxonomy, humans are in the Family of Hominidae because
They are habitual bipeds
What two species share the genus Pan?
Chimpanzees and Bonobos
Which of the following is a classification system based on order of evolutionary branching?
The most primitive primates that have a moist naked outer nose are called
Most primates share all of the following characteristics EXCEPT
Relatively short periods of postnatal dependency
Of all land mammals, the primates have the largest relative
Which of the following primates is least social?
(Humans, Bonobos, Gorillas, or Orangutans)
The suborder Anthropoidea includes all of the following except...
(Lemurs, Monkeys, Apes, Humans)
Which of the following is NOT one of the four species collectively known as the great apes?
(Orangutans, Chimpanzees, Baboons, Bonobos)
The primate that has a flat face, no prehensile feet but the most dextrous hands are called
Which primate has the longest period of postnatal dependency?
Humans experience estrus when they are most fertile.
Phenetic classification is based on the order of evolutionary branching.
True depth perception is also called stereoscopic vision which is an evolutionary adaptation to living in the trees.
The Old World catarrhine primates consist of monkeys, apes, and humans
The notochord is the evolutionary precursor to the vertebral column
Traits that allow members of the superfamily Hominidea to climb and hang from branches include a flexible shoulder joint and a stronger collar bone.
Primates do not have highly developed senses of auditory and olfactory senses as other animals.
Bipedalism is a trait common to almost all primates.
New World and Old World monkeys are distinguished by their nostrils.
The human primate has the largest brain absolutely and relatively.
Shared derived characteristics are also known as
Which of the following would be considered the most dominant in a baboon social hierarchy?
• A large aggressive adult male
• A large aggressive adult female
• The most fertile female
• The male with the most offspring
A large aggressive male
Which of the following primates has been seen to hunt cooperatively and kill small pigs, antelopes, and monkeys?
(Baboons, Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Bonobos)
Which of the following primates has been seen to use sex as a means of social group cohesion?
(Baboons, Orangutans, Bonobos, Chimpanzees)
Ethology is the study of animals...
Under natural conditions
Baboon groups range in size from...
20 to 200 individuals
Which of the following is a real example of tool usage among primates?
• Termite sticks
• Stone tools
• Leaves as rain hats
• All of the above