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Flashcards in Exam 2 Questions Deck (85)
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1

The taxonomic system of naming organisms was created by

Linnaeus

2

In a phenetic taxonomy, humans are in the Family of Hominidae because

They are habitual bipeds

3

What two species share the genus Pan?

Chimpanzees and Bonobos

4

Which of the following is a classification system based on order of evolutionary branching?

Cladistics

5

The most primitive primates that have a moist naked outer nose are called

Prosimians

6

Most primates share all of the following characteristics EXCEPT

Relatively short periods of postnatal dependency

7

Of all land mammals, the primates have the largest relative

Brains

8

Which of the following primates is least social?
(Humans, Bonobos, Gorillas, or Orangutans)

Orangutans

9

The suborder Anthropoidea includes all of the following except...
(Lemurs, Monkeys, Apes, Humans)

Lemurs

10

Which of the following is NOT one of the four species collectively known as the great apes?
(Orangutans, Chimpanzees, Baboons, Bonobos)

Baboons

11

The primate that has a flat face, no prehensile feet but the most dextrous hands are called

Humans

12

Which primate has the longest period of postnatal dependency?

Humans

13

Humans experience estrus when they are most fertile.

False

14

Phenetic classification is based on the order of evolutionary branching.

False

15

True depth perception is also called stereoscopic vision which is an evolutionary adaptation to living in the trees.

True

16

The Old World catarrhine primates consist of monkeys, apes, and humans

True

17

The notochord is the evolutionary precursor to the vertebral column

True

18

Traits that allow members of the superfamily Hominidea to climb and hang from branches include a flexible shoulder joint and a stronger collar bone.

True

19

Primates do not have highly developed senses of auditory and olfactory senses as other animals.

True

20

Bipedalism is a trait common to almost all primates.

False

21

New World and Old World monkeys are distinguished by their nostrils.

True

22

The human primate has the largest brain absolutely and relatively.

True

23

Shared derived characteristics are also known as

Homologies

24

Which of the following would be considered the most dominant in a baboon social hierarchy?
• A large aggressive adult male
• A large aggressive adult female
• The most fertile female
• The male with the most offspring

A large aggressive male

25

Which of the following primates has been seen to hunt cooperatively and kill small pigs, antelopes, and monkeys?
(Baboons, Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Bonobos)

Chimpanzees

26

Which of the following primates has been seen to use sex as a means of social group cohesion?
(Baboons, Orangutans, Bonobos, Chimpanzees)

Bonobos

27

Ethology is the study of animals...

Under natural conditions

28

Baboon groups range in size from...

20 to 200 individuals

29

Which of the following is a real example of tool usage among primates?
• Termite sticks
• Stone tools
• Leaves as rain hats
• All of the above

All

30

Much of that we know about chimp behavior comes from the studies of

Jane Goodall