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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (23):
1

Freud and the self

Self is contained in the mind.

2

ID

Develops first. Satisfaction of selfish desires

3

Superego

Conscience that encourages conformity to social ideals

4

Ego

Part of mind that resolves conflict between the ID and superego

5

Cooley

Looking-glass self. The self is the product of social interactions with other people

6

George Mead

Said socialization begins as children. Self is formed when we distinguish ourselves from other children

7

Preparatory Stage

Kids imitate significant others; no separate sense of self

8

Play Stage

Kids begin to play and role take

9

Game Stage

Kids understand rules and objectives of play

10

Ervin Goffman

Said reality is defined through symbolic interaction

11

Frontstage

Where we perform ourselves

12

Backstage

Where we rehearse and prepare our performances

13

Personal Front

Manners and appearances that are used to present ourselves to others

14

Most important groups of socialization

Family, Schools, Peer groups, workplace

15

Primary Socialization

Initial socialization by primary caretakers; usually family prepares children for society

16

Secondary Socialization

Later life socialization into groups/roles

17

Resocialization

Breakdown old identity. Build a new one with sanctions

18

Statistical Deviance

Any variation from the average characteristics. Bad not useful

19

Absolutist Deviance

Clear and obvious to all members of society. Bad: assumes all agree

20

Normative Deviance

Violence of a social norm of a particular group

21

Deviant Behavior

Is that which does not conform to the rules or norms of a society

22

The normality of crime

Emile Durkheim. Crime is always a part of society

23

Lobroso

Deviants are simply less evolved. Criminality is an ascribed characteristic