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Flashcards in Exam 3 Study Guide Deck (37):
1

Primary Socialization

Initial socialization by primary caretakers; usually the family prepares children for society

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Secondary Socialization

Later Life socialization into roles and groups

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Anticipatory Socialization

Processes of socialization in which a person rehearse for future statuses. Leadership

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Resocialization

Individuals deemed inadequate for a particular social existence require resocialization. Breakdown identity, build new one

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Total Institution

Erving Goffman. It is an isolated, enclosed social system whose primary purpose is to control most aspects of its participants’ lives.

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Meads Dualistic Nature of the self

"I"is the impulsive, individualistic part of ones self. "Me" is the interpretation of what you think others think of you

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Preparatory Stage

Kids imitate significant others; no separate sense of self

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Play Stage

Kids begin to pretend and role take

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Game Stage

Kids understand the rules and objectives of play

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Generalized others

Attitudes, viewpoints and expectations of society as a whole that a child takes into account. They understand repercussions of their behavior

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Cooley's Looking glass self

The self is the product of social interactions with other people. We learned who we are by interacting with others

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Erving Goffman Front and Backstage

Roles in life have both of these. Backstage is where we rehearse and front-stage is where we perform

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Durkheims anomie

a condition of deregulation that was occuring in society. This meant that rules on how people ought to behave with each other were breaking down and thus people did not know what to expect from one another.

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Merton's structural Strain theory

Society has culturally approved goals

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Conformity

Conformists are people who believe in both the established cultural goals of society as well as the normative means for attaining those goals. They follow the rules of society. An example would be a successful investor or businessman who is economically successful because of their employment or hard work.

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Innovation

Innovators are those individuals that accept the cultural goals of society but reject the conventional methods of attaining those goals. Criminals

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Ritualism

Ritualists are individuals who do not believe in the established cultural goals of society, but they do believe in and abide by the means for attaining those goals.

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Retreatism

Retreatists are individuals who reject both the cultural goals and the accepted means of attaining those goals. Alcoholics, homeless people

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Rebellion

Rebels not only reject both the established cultural goals and the accepted means of attaining those goals, but they substitute new goals and new means of attaining those goals. Examples of rebels include the American Nazi party, “skinheads,” and the Ku Klux Klan.

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Differential association theory

People surrounded by deviant behavior are likely to learn deviant behavior. Gang membership

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Primary Deviance

Primary deviance is any general deviance before the deviant is labeled as such.

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Secondary Deviance

Secondary deviance is any action that takes place after primary deviance as a reaction to the institutions.

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Self-fulfilling prophecy

described by Robert K. Merton, is a cultural belief that becomes true because people act as though it is true.

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Stigma

Deviant behaviors or characteristics that prevent full acceptance to society. Physical deformities, bad traits, membership to deviant groups

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Stratification

social stratification is a concept involving the "classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions ... a relational set of inequalities with economic, social, political and ideological dimensions."

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Open Systems

Permeable strata, achieved status, social mobility, marriage between classes permitted

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Closed Systems

Impermeable strata, ascribed status, no social mobility, Marriage within classes

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Vertical Mobility

Upward mobility or downward. Rags to riches or other way

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Horizontal Mobility

A teacher switching schools. Moving between statuses

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Intergenerational Mobility

Mobility between generations. Kids do better then parents

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Intragenerational Mobility

Changing status and rank within ones lifetime

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Caste System

Status for life. Closed system, no social mobility

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Estate System

Ascribed. Mostly closed and little room for mobility

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Class System

Positions based on economics. More open system and high social mobility

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Wealth V. Income

Income is what you make and wealth is what you have

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Wealth

Total financial resources that a family has minus debt

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Income

Financial resources brought in through wages and salaries