Flashcards in Exam 3 Study Guide Deck (37):
Initial socialization by primary caretakers; usually the family prepares children for society
Later Life socialization into roles and groups
Processes of socialization in which a person rehearse for future statuses. Leadership
Individuals deemed inadequate for a particular social existence require resocialization. Breakdown identity, build new one
Erving Goffman. It is an isolated, enclosed social system whose primary purpose is to control most aspects of its participants’ lives.
Meads Dualistic Nature of the self
"I"is the impulsive, individualistic part of ones self. "Me" is the interpretation of what you think others think of you
Kids imitate significant others; no separate sense of self
Kids begin to pretend and role take
Kids understand the rules and objectives of play
Attitudes, viewpoints and expectations of society as a whole that a child takes into account. They understand repercussions of their behavior
Cooley's Looking glass self
The self is the product of social interactions with other people. We learned who we are by interacting with others
Erving Goffman Front and Backstage
Roles in life have both of these. Backstage is where we rehearse and front-stage is where we perform
a condition of deregulation that was occuring in society. This meant that rules on how people ought to behave with each other were breaking down and thus people did not know what to expect from one another.
Merton's structural Strain theory
Society has culturally approved goals
Conformists are people who believe in both the established cultural goals of society as well as the normative means for attaining those goals. They follow the rules of society. An example would be a successful investor or businessman who is economically successful because of their employment or hard work.
Innovators are those individuals that accept the cultural goals of society but reject the conventional methods of attaining those goals. Criminals
Ritualists are individuals who do not believe in the established cultural goals of society, but they do believe in and abide by the means for attaining those goals.
Retreatists are individuals who reject both the cultural goals and the accepted means of attaining those goals. Alcoholics, homeless people
Rebels not only reject both the established cultural goals and the accepted means of attaining those goals, but they substitute new goals and new means of attaining those goals. Examples of rebels include the American Nazi party, “skinheads,” and the Ku Klux Klan.
Differential association theory
People surrounded by deviant behavior are likely to learn deviant behavior. Gang membership
Primary deviance is any general deviance before the deviant is labeled as such.
Secondary deviance is any action that takes place after primary deviance as a reaction to the institutions.
described by Robert K. Merton, is a cultural belief that becomes true because people act as though it is true.
Deviant behaviors or characteristics that prevent full acceptance to society. Physical deformities, bad traits, membership to deviant groups
social stratification is a concept involving the "classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions ... a relational set of inequalities with economic, social, political and ideological dimensions."
Permeable strata, achieved status, social mobility, marriage between classes permitted
Impermeable strata, ascribed status, no social mobility, Marriage within classes
Upward mobility or downward. Rags to riches or other way
A teacher switching schools. Moving between statuses
Mobility between generations. Kids do better then parents
Changing status and rank within ones lifetime
Status for life. Closed system, no social mobility
Ascribed. Mostly closed and little room for mobility
Positions based on economics. More open system and high social mobility
Wealth V. Income
Income is what you make and wealth is what you have
Total financial resources that a family has minus debt