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Flashcards in exam 3 Deck (41):

Election of 1964

White conservatives now voted Republican due to LBJ's approach to civil rights
Barry Goldwater was against "big" government where LBJ felt that the government needed to interfere with social issues
LBJ wanted to expand Kennedy's ideals
Most liberal congress since FDR


Philosophy of Barry Goldwater

conservative small government
government shouldnt be involved with racial issues


The Vision of LBJ’s Great Society

War on Poverty (Medicaid Medicare)
Revitalization of cities, environment, and schools
End of Racial Discrimination
"The Great Society rests on abundance and liberty for all. It demands an end to poverty and racial injustice, to which we are committed in our time."
"abundance and liberty for all."


The Civil Rights Act of 1964

outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin in employment public accommodations voting and education


The Voting Rights Act of 1965

outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after the Civil War, including literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting.****


The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964

authorized the formation of local Community Action Agencies as part of the War on Poverty. These agencies are directly regulated by the federal government.
Head Start, Upward Bound, Job Corps



old people



Aiding those in need


John Blake’s arguments from Why I’m Tired of Hearing about That Civil Rights Movement

The civil rights movement is now viewed very differently than it used to be
the time span is longer, going from the 1920s all the way to the 90s or even today
its a black thang
it belongs in the past
we can talk openly about race now
"tell me a story about a movement that matters to me today, and I'll be ready to listen."


Black Panther Party’s 10 Point Program

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal;"
Play on the declaration of independence
want their 40 acres and a mule, freedom of all black people and rights for all black people
End of institutionalized racism


COINTELPRO- overall purpose

Started off as and investigation of communist activities in the U.S.
Resulted in the spying of all "subversives" = Espionage, Anti-Vietnam War Activists, New Left, Disruption of White Hate Groups, Communist Party, USA, Black Extremists, Socialist Workers Party


COINTELPRO- goals for black militants and the Black Panther Party

prevent the coalition of black militant groups
prevent the rise of a "Messiah"
prevent violence
prevent recruitment of the youth
prevent "respectability"


Citizens’ Committee to Investigate the FBI

organized the break in of the Media PA FBI office
leaked papers***


1975 Church Committee Hearings—significance

First time America's intelligance agencies were investigated


1975 Church Committee Hearings- findings

COINTELPRO- new left
MLK letters


1975 Church Committee Hearings—most dramatic testimony

Survailance of MLK and the suggestion that he should kill himself


1975 Church Committee Hearings—results

FISA the committee that approves and denies surveillance requests was formed


What were the day to day activities for the Black Panther Party?

breakfast for children
running clinics to provide health care


What were some of the challenges that the Black Panther Party faced?

internal struggle with leaders that were power hungry and divisive
sexual assault and harassment


Fred Hampton: why was he jailed, what was his appeal, what happened to him?

For stealing $71 worth of ice cream bars,
he was charismatic and had the "it" factor. natural born leader, knew how to delegate responsibility and had a broad base coalition
he was the "black messiah"
the FBI murdered fred hampton


Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

A federal law that prohibits employers from discriminating against employees by sex, race, color, national origin, and religion. It applies to employers with 15 or more employees, including federal, state, and local governments.


Betty Friedan

author of feminine mystic inspired women to join the fem movement
president of NOW


Gloria Steinem

Advocate for equal rights, especially women of color, founder of Ms. magazine


Cesar Chavez

organized farm laborers in cali***


Origins of the Gay Rights Movement and the Stonewall Riots

reaction to organized police of known gay bars, started by Marsha P Johnson gained national attention that led to pride***


Viet Minh and Ho Chi Minh

Formed in 1941 to gain independence from France
"he most powerful wing of the independence movement was the communist-led Viet Minh (or League for the Independence of Vietnam), led by Ho Chi Minh."
Ho was disallusioned by the 14 points used in WWI (decolonization) because the French came back to rule in Vietnam after WWII


Geneva Accords 1954

Vietnam was to be an independent nation.
Elections would be held in July 1956 under international supervision.
The country would temporarily be split into two parts
North Vietnam: Communist, Ho Chi Minh
South Vietnam: Dictatorship, Ngo Dinh Diem


Ngo Dinh Diem: why was he disliked?

Refused to engage in agricultural reform
Refused to allowed local political leadership
allied with the Vietnamese elite


National Liberation Front (a.k.a Vietcong)

Communist peasant rebels in the South fighting against Diem with assistance from the North


Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

No official declaration of war in Vietnam
Declared that the prez can do whatever he wants to prevent/ fuck with Vietnam
wrote the prez a "blank check"


Tet Offensive

Embarassed the US
Everyone thought we weer "winning" the war until Tet offensive, and many Americans then believed that the UScould not win the war


Pentagon Papers

Revealed by the NYT and damaged the government's reputation with the people
revealed the true nature of the US's involvement in Vietnam


Why did many Americans oppose the war over time?

extremely expensive young american lives
nasty media coverage


Kent State

Anti war protest, national guard killed 4 students


Average age of U.S. soldiers in the war



Main arguments of the “hawks”

containment of communism
dont be a pussy
domino theory
prevent all out neuc war
if the communists supported one side America had to support the other
moral imparitive "peace with honor"


Main arguments of the “doves”

no justification
no evidence of the domino theory
the more violence the US creatdc the more people were willing to support the vietcong
psychological havoc
the costs and the sacrifices of the Vietnam War were just not worth it


Citizen's Committee to Investigate the FBI

Broke into FBI offices in Media, PA and stole the documents that led to the discovery of COINTELPRO


Watergate initial crime

Office break in with intentions of stealing documents and spying


Watergate what was revealed?

Eventually revealed Nixon had used the IRS to intimidate political opponents and other illegal activities within the administration


USA v. Nixon