Flashcards in exam 3 Deck (41):
Election of 1964
White conservatives now voted Republican due to LBJ's approach to civil rights
Barry Goldwater was against "big" government where LBJ felt that the government needed to interfere with social issues
LBJ wanted to expand Kennedy's ideals
Most liberal congress since FDR
Philosophy of Barry Goldwater
conservative small government
government shouldnt be involved with racial issues
The Vision of LBJ’s Great Society
War on Poverty (Medicaid Medicare)
Revitalization of cities, environment, and schools
End of Racial Discrimination
"The Great Society rests on abundance and liberty for all. It demands an end to poverty and racial injustice, to which we are committed in our time."
"abundance and liberty for all."
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin in employment public accommodations voting and education
The Voting Rights Act of 1965
outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after the Civil War, including literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting.****
The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
authorized the formation of local Community Action Agencies as part of the War on Poverty. These agencies are directly regulated by the federal government.
Head Start, Upward Bound, Job Corps
Aiding those in need
John Blake’s arguments from Why I’m Tired of Hearing about That Civil Rights Movement
The civil rights movement is now viewed very differently than it used to be
the time span is longer, going from the 1920s all the way to the 90s or even today
its a black thang
it belongs in the past
we can talk openly about race now
"tell me a story about a movement that matters to me today, and I'll be ready to listen."
Black Panther Party’s 10 Point Program
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal;"
Play on the declaration of independence
want their 40 acres and a mule, freedom of all black people and rights for all black people
End of institutionalized racism
COINTELPRO- overall purpose
Started off as and investigation of communist activities in the U.S.
Resulted in the spying of all "subversives" = Espionage, Anti-Vietnam War Activists, New Left, Disruption of White Hate Groups, Communist Party, USA, Black Extremists, Socialist Workers Party
COINTELPRO- goals for black militants and the Black Panther Party
prevent the coalition of black militant groups
prevent the rise of a "Messiah"
prevent recruitment of the youth
Citizens’ Committee to Investigate the FBI
organized the break in of the Media PA FBI office
1975 Church Committee Hearings—significance
First time America's intelligance agencies were investigated
1975 Church Committee Hearings- findings
COINTELPRO- new left
1975 Church Committee Hearings—most dramatic testimony
Survailance of MLK and the suggestion that he should kill himself
1975 Church Committee Hearings—results
FISA the committee that approves and denies surveillance requests was formed
What were the day to day activities for the Black Panther Party?
breakfast for children
running clinics to provide health care
What were some of the challenges that the Black Panther Party faced?
internal struggle with leaders that were power hungry and divisive
sexual assault and harassment
Fred Hampton: why was he jailed, what was his appeal, what happened to him?
For stealing $71 worth of ice cream bars,
he was charismatic and had the "it" factor. natural born leader, knew how to delegate responsibility and had a broad base coalition
he was the "black messiah"
the FBI murdered fred hampton
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
A federal law that prohibits employers from discriminating against employees by sex, race, color, national origin, and religion. It applies to employers with 15 or more employees, including federal, state, and local governments.
author of feminine mystic inspired women to join the fem movement
president of NOW
Advocate for equal rights, especially women of color, founder of Ms. magazine
organized farm laborers in cali***
Origins of the Gay Rights Movement and the Stonewall Riots
reaction to organized police of known gay bars, started by Marsha P Johnson gained national attention that led to pride***
Viet Minh and Ho Chi Minh
Formed in 1941 to gain independence from France
"he most powerful wing of the independence movement was the communist-led Viet Minh (or League for the Independence of Vietnam), led by Ho Chi Minh."
Ho was disallusioned by the 14 points used in WWI (decolonization) because the French came back to rule in Vietnam after WWII
Geneva Accords 1954
Vietnam was to be an independent nation.
Elections would be held in July 1956 under international supervision.
The country would temporarily be split into two parts
North Vietnam: Communist, Ho Chi Minh
South Vietnam: Dictatorship, Ngo Dinh Diem
Ngo Dinh Diem: why was he disliked?
Refused to engage in agricultural reform
Refused to allowed local political leadership
allied with the Vietnamese elite
National Liberation Front (a.k.a Vietcong)
Communist peasant rebels in the South fighting against Diem with assistance from the North
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
No official declaration of war in Vietnam
Declared that the prez can do whatever he wants to prevent/ fuck with Vietnam
wrote the prez a "blank check"
Embarassed the US
Everyone thought we weer "winning" the war until Tet offensive, and many Americans then believed that the UScould not win the war
Revealed by the NYT and damaged the government's reputation with the people
revealed the true nature of the US's involvement in Vietnam
Why did many Americans oppose the war over time?
extremely expensive young american lives
nasty media coverage
Anti war protest, national guard killed 4 students
Average age of U.S. soldiers in the war
Main arguments of the “hawks”
containment of communism
dont be a pussy
prevent all out neuc war
if the communists supported one side America had to support the other
moral imparitive "peace with honor"
Main arguments of the “doves”
no evidence of the domino theory
the more violence the US creatdc the more people were willing to support the vietcong
the costs and the sacrifices of the Vietnam War were just not worth it
Citizen's Committee to Investigate the FBI
Broke into FBI offices in Media, PA and stole the documents that led to the discovery of COINTELPRO
Watergate initial crime
Office break in with intentions of stealing documents and spying
Watergate what was revealed?
Eventually revealed Nixon had used the IRS to intimidate political opponents and other illegal activities within the administration