Flashcards in Exam 3 (Chapters 8, 9, 12) Deck (74)
1. The five stages of dying postulated by Kubler-Ross is?
- Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
11. The observation that people often seek stimulation and that not all motives are aroused by internal states contradicts the theory of motivation
2. The most obvious change ushering in adolescence is?
The Growth Spurt
3. According to Erikson’s theory, the stage of development occurs in old age?
Integrity versus despair
4. Most young adolescents are at the level of thinking which Piaget described as?
5. In what stage does object permeance happen?
6. Motivation refers to that which
energizes the behavior of an organism and directs the behavior of an organism
7. The concept that a person acts in a certain manner because of an innate predisposition to do so is based on the theory
8. Which of the following does NOT support drive-reduction theory?
Going jogging when you are bored
9. An example of intrinsic motivation is reading a textbook because:
you enjoy reading it
10. It is believed that the hypothalamus controls
long-term mechanisms of body weight
the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as they age from conception until death
the scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, and behavior influence and are influenced by social groups
changing one's own behavior to match that of other people
process through which the real or implied presence of others can directly or indirectly influence the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of an indicidual
Occurs when a decision-making group feels that it is more important to maintain group unanimity and cohesiveness than to consider the facts realistically
Tendency for members involved in a group discussion to take somewhat more extreme positions and suggest riskier actions when compared to individuals who have not participated in a group discussion
Negative influence of others on performance
When a lazy person works in a group, that person often performs less well than if the person were working alone
Positive influence of others on performance
Tendency to respond positively or negatively toward certain people, ideas, objects, or situations
Components of Attitudes:
Attempt to change another’s attitude via argument, explanation, etc.
Discomfort arising when one’s thoughts and behaviors do not correspond
Lessening cognitive dissonance:
Change the conflicting behavior
Change the conflicting attitude
Form a new attitude to justify the behavior
Set of characteristics that people believe is shared by all members of a particular social category
Automatic unconscious assignment of a new acquaintance to some category or group
Forming of first knowledge about another person
Influenced by primacy effect
Part of social cognition
Implicit personality theories
are sets of assumptions that people have about how different types of people, personality traits, and actions are all related and form in childhood.