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Flashcards in Exam 3 Essays Deck (20)
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1

hopewell setting

ohio valley, but spread into the eastern woodlands

2

hopewell chronology

developed 200 bc- 500 ad
increases in complexity and then declines after ad 400-500

3

hopewell economy

increasing importance of horticulture, continental scale trade and exchange

4

hopewell architecture

enormous mounds with clusters covering many acres, geometric earthworks, charnel houses were erected and burnt, elite were buried in log lined tombs

5

hopwell social structures

communities were nearby but not in the mound centers, there were interacting polities, and increasing social status for some. The reciprocity and exchange networks may have create "big men"

6

iroquois setting

new york state, southern ontario, st. lawrence river

7

iroquois chronology

owasco after ad 1300
height of communities after ad 1400
decline into the contact period

8

iroquois economy

maize based agriculture supplemented by hunting and gathering

9

iroquois architecture

rectangular longhouses with rounded ends, sidewall benches, end cubicle storage areas. Villages were in defensible positions and had pallisades

10

iroquois social structure

matrilineal and matrilocal societies, women were the breadwinners. Shamanistic societies focused on healing

11

adena setting

central ohio river valley, along major rivers and tributaries, rich alluvial soils and resources

12

adena chronology

ca 1000 bc- 100 bc
exchange and long term cultural change developing into other cultures

13

adena economy

H-G, increasing importance of horticulture, locally intensified foraging, long distance trade fostering intergoup relationships, these made up for food shortages

14

adena architecture

conical burial mounds made with layer of earth, people lived in small hamlets and villages, later they possibly erected charnel houses

15

adena social structure

numerous small scale interacting societies, started as egalitarian but began developing stratification, shamanistic societies focusing on transformative abilities developed

16

cahokia setting

american bottom, southern illinois, high ground within a mississippian floodplain, exceptional diversity

17

cahokia chronology

emerged quickly 1050-1150 AD
peaked around 1200 AD
experienced rapid decline by AD 1300

18

cahokia economy

extensive trade network, alluvial soils facilitated agriculture, exploited rivers and terrestrial game, trade for food shortage

19

cahokia architecture

built imposing public structures and shrines, sweathouses. People lived in pole and thatch houses, varying in size. There were mound and plaza structures, large 4 layer mound monks mound

20

cahokia social structure

the great capital was at cahokia, with smaller political and administrative sites nearby, society was highly ranked, evidenced in elaborate burial practices and goods