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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (202)
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1

NW coast large houses with large households, lots of wood

Nootka

2

group of people, most known for hunting whales

Makah

3

major multi-day events where one village led by one large family had a big party and the head gave away a lot of wealth

potlatch

4

what is the meaning of complex-fisher-hunter-gatherers

1. sedentary/semi-sedentary
2. economy based on stored processed foods
3. household based societies
4. relied on a few intensively exploited and highly productive resources
5. actively manipulated their environment
6. complex fishing and house tech
7. large, high density pop
8. social hierarchies with high-status, permanent leadership

5

major salmon run, many groups lived along this river

fraser river watershed

6

major resource, lots of tributariess, linked the coastal peoples to the interior

columbia river

7

defining resources of the NW, 7 different species, weirs with platforms, harpoons, nets, dried the surplus

salmon

8

find the vertebra of these in the same sites as herring, they have major migration times different than salmon

pacific herring

9

the best groups were those who had control over the streams that guaranteed fish because

the salmon migrations could fluctuate, needed a way to store surplus, needed inter-group relations

10

important wood in the culture, easier to work with now

western red cedar

11

didn't think of their lives as north-south, but up and down the coast

ocean orientation

12

actively managed the landscape, arranged rocks parallel to beach, in the tidal zone, would trap sand

collecting and managing shellfish

13

a tuber that grows along marshes and rivers

wapato

14

when was the first settlement of the NW coast likely?

10,000-3500 BC

15

what cave contained coprolites with human dna

paisley cave

16

cave ca 8,300 bc, prince of wales island, embedded bone in matrix, found human skeleton, DNA sequenced from 2 teeth, found microblade and bifacial tech

on your knees cave

17

central coast, BC columbia, 10,000-1,000 BC, early historic stone fish trap,

namu

18

namu period 2

5000-4000 bc, microlith tech

19

namu period 4

3200-1800 bc, orientation toward marine animals, harpoon head

20

namu period 6

after ad 100, harpoon barbs, toggling, whale points

21

period, profound economic, societal, cultural developments, stabilization of sea level, greater salmon productivity, pop growth

middle pacific period 1800 BC- AD 500

22

developing tech to handle salmon caused

increased pop

23

what were the households like in the middle pacific

rectangular, long houses, first formally planned villages, layed out in rows, took planning, social organization, sophisticated ways of storing surplus

24

where and when was art first found on NW coast

middle pacific, as status markers, only in high status burials

25

what increased in intensity during the middle pacific

warfare, 48% of burials show some form of trauma, bone and stone clubs

26

middle pacific status and ritual

status was ascribed, north south distinctions of labret wear/cranial deformation, grave goods show ranking

27

occupied 1200-200 bc, first wet site using hydraulic excavation in NW, extraordinary preservation, evidence for deep water fishing, hafted microlith knives, offsgore halibut hooks

hoko river site

28

site occupied ad 1-1750 makah, one of 5 wintertime villages, 85% of the items excavated from this site are perishable, clubs, carved, whalers basket with harpoon head, carved wood orca fin, buried by landslide

ozette

29

the houses squashed by the landslide at ozette contained

all of their original contents

30

furtrade in the NW increased the amount of

warfare