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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (145)
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1

who discovered Greenland in AD 982

Erik the Red

2

early viking site, established in N america around 1000 AD, Newfoundlandon a spit surrounded by water on all three sides

L'anse aux meadow

3

excavated L'anse aux meadow in 1961-1968

anne stine and helge ingstad

4

1528, landed at galveston, failed miserably, spent years with the natives with the other few survivors, did women's work and was able to move between groups

cabeza de vaca

5

landed in florida with livestock and firearms, caused a tremendous amount of conflict and damage

hernando de soto

6

went in search of cibola, 1540-1542, encountered a mix of settled farmers and nomadic hunters, had some conflict with the pueblos

francisco vasquez de coronado

7

myth of moundbuilders

the people in the americas thought that the native americans couldnt have built the mounds, they must be the lost tribes of israel or something

8

excavated on his property in 1782, trenched the mounds, found women and children burials, tested his hypothesis that the mounds had burials.

thomas jefferson

9

ancient monuments of the mississippi valley 1848, recognized that the mounds were being destoryed, drew pictures and maps of them.

squier and davis

10

a government response to the realization that the native american culture was disappearing, and the sites were being destroyed, John Wesley Powell, cyrus thomas

bureau of ethnology

11

decided that the people who built the mounds were not a "separate race," but the ancient indiands.

cyrus thomas

12

george mcjunkin 1927, found a folsom point with a bison antiguus bone

folsom, new mexico

13

1907, found skeletal remains and suggested they were early, said they came here only 4000 years ago

ales hrdlicka

14

nels nelson excavated with the stratigraphic approach,

pueblo san cristobal

15

excavated pecos pueblo, using stratigraphy and chronology, brought a bunch of archaeologists together and looked at the pottery.

av kidder

16

the product of a bunch of archaeologists looking at ceramics and putting them in a chronology, put together by AV kidder.

pecos classification

17

AE douglass, 1930s, tree ring dating,

dendrochronology

18

william libby in 1949, need organic material such as wood, bone, etc.

radiocarbon dating

19

rcybp

radio carbon years before present

20

wpa era

.

21

who came up with he conjunctive approach, rejected the culture history approach, moved away from temples and description, toward testing hypotheses

walter taylor

22

original intent was to survey to build highway systems, fairly small scale salvage operations, missouri river basin.

smithsonian river basin studies

23

intent was to take what they could before the structures were built, dams and highways, federal recognition of adverse impacts, led to preservation laws

salvage archaeology

24

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processual archaeology

25

the angry young man of 1960s archaeology, processual archaeology, should understand how things changed, made arch more scientific, hypotheses

lewis binford

26

.

post processual archaeology

27

.

crm

28

start of crm archaeology

national historic preservation act 1966

29

dictated that the archaeologists must consult with native groups when they encounter sacred remains

nagpra

30

period/epoch/era of the colonization and settlement of n america, 11,500-7000 bc

paleoindian