Exam 3 (Josh) - Skin Flashcards Preview

Health Assessment > Exam 3 (Josh) - Skin > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 (Josh) - Skin Deck (21):
1

------- presents itself as a yellowing of the sceler and hard/soft pallet junction of the client.

Jaundice

2

What would be the skin color of a black patient in a shock situation?

ashen, gray, or dull

3

Small, slightly raised red spots on the trunk of middle-aged (30) and older clients?

senile angiomas

4

Hyperpigmentation of a pregnant woman's face is called -----------.

when it is on the abodomen, it is called --------

chloasma (face)

linea nigra (abdomen)

5

What puts an aging client at greater risk for heat stroke?

decreased response of sweat glands to thermoregulatory demands

6

What are the three sources of skin color?

- melanin (brown pigment)
- carotene (yellow-orange pigment)
- red/purple tones of underlying vascular bed

7

In the aging hair matrix, the number of functioning ----------- decreases, leading the hair to look gray/white and feel fine and thin.

melanocytes

8

Oily skin is ---------

Dry skin is ---------

seborrhea - oily

xerosis - dry

9

What is the most common skin symptom?

pruritus (itching) due to dry skin, aging, drug reactions, etc.

10

Pruritus can be caused by drugs, but senile pruritis is often caused by --------

xerosis (dry skin)

11

Vitiligo

complete absence of melanin pigment in african americans (causing white spots in face, hands, neck and feet)

12

Which type of mole (nevus) is typically raised, junctional nevus or compound nevus?

compound nevus

13

Anasarca

bilateral (generalized) edema over the whole body that is typically a consequence of heart or kidney failure

14

Diaphoresis

profuse sweating

15

A ---------- lesion develops on previously unaltered skin.

A ---------- lesion is when a lesion changes over time or changes due to scratching/infection.

primary

secondary

16

What are the white, linear markings on peoples nail beds? Is this a concern?

leukonychia

not a concern (normal)

17

Erythema Toxicum

aka: flea bite rash

common rash that appears in first 3-4 days of life

18

What is keratosis? Which type can become cancerous?

raised, thickened areas of pigmentation in older adults

actinic keratosis can become cancerous

19

Liver Spots

Clusters of melanocytes that appear after extensive sun exposure.

20

Papule

solid, elevated, circumscribed lesion that is less than 1 cm in diameter.

21

A patient has had a “terrible itch” for several months that he has been continuously scratching. On examination, the nurse might expect to find:

Lichenification