Flashcards in Exam 3 (Josh) - Skin Deck (21):
------- presents itself as a yellowing of the sceler and hard/soft pallet junction of the client.
What would be the skin color of a black patient in a shock situation?
ashen, gray, or dull
Small, slightly raised red spots on the trunk of middle-aged (30) and older clients?
Hyperpigmentation of a pregnant woman's face is called -----------.
when it is on the abodomen, it is called --------
linea nigra (abdomen)
What puts an aging client at greater risk for heat stroke?
decreased response of sweat glands to thermoregulatory demands
What are the three sources of skin color?
- melanin (brown pigment)
- carotene (yellow-orange pigment)
- red/purple tones of underlying vascular bed
In the aging hair matrix, the number of functioning ----------- decreases, leading the hair to look gray/white and feel fine and thin.
Oily skin is ---------
Dry skin is ---------
seborrhea - oily
xerosis - dry
What is the most common skin symptom?
pruritus (itching) due to dry skin, aging, drug reactions, etc.
Pruritus can be caused by drugs, but senile pruritis is often caused by --------
xerosis (dry skin)
complete absence of melanin pigment in african americans (causing white spots in face, hands, neck and feet)
Which type of mole (nevus) is typically raised, junctional nevus or compound nevus?
bilateral (generalized) edema over the whole body that is typically a consequence of heart or kidney failure
A ---------- lesion develops on previously unaltered skin.
A ---------- lesion is when a lesion changes over time or changes due to scratching/infection.
What are the white, linear markings on peoples nail beds? Is this a concern?
not a concern (normal)
aka: flea bite rash
common rash that appears in first 3-4 days of life
What is keratosis? Which type can become cancerous?
raised, thickened areas of pigmentation in older adults
actinic keratosis can become cancerous
Clusters of melanocytes that appear after extensive sun exposure.
solid, elevated, circumscribed lesion that is less than 1 cm in diameter.