Unit 2 Terms-Joe Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Terms-Joe Deck (65)
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1

Abdominal distention

Occurs when substances such as gas or fluid accumulate in the abdomen, causing its outward expansion beyond the normal girth of the stomach and waist

2

Abduction

To draw away from the midline of the body or from an adjacent part or limb

3

Acrocyanosis

Bluish or purple coloring of the hands and feet caused by slow circulation

4

Adduction

To draw inward toward the median axis of the body or toward an adjacent part or limb

5

Adventitious breath sounds

Abnormal sounds that are heard over a patient's lungs and airways, including fine and coarse crackles (rales), wheezes (rhonchi), pleural rubs and stridor

6

Alopecia

The partial or complete absence of hair from areas of the body where it normally grows; baldness

7

Ascites

The accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling

8

Ataxia

The loss of full control of bodily movements

9

Atrophy

Waste away, typically due to the degeneration of cells

10

Auscultation

The act of listening, either directly or through a stethoscope or other instrument, to sounds within the body as a method of diagnosis

11

Bowel Sounds (i.e.,hypoactive, normoactive, hyperactive)

A rumbling, growling or gurgling noise produced by movement of the contents of the gastro-intestinal tract as they are propelled through the small intestine by a series of muscle contractions called peristalsis

12

Cachectic

Weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness

13

Conjunctiva

Mucous membrane that covers the front of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids

14

Contusion

A region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured; a bruise

15

Crackles

Clicking, rattling, or crackling noises made by one or both lungs of a person with a respiratory disease during inhalation

16

Crepitus

A grating sound or sensation produced by friction between bone and cartilage or the fractured parts of a bone

17

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin resulting from poor circulation or inadequate oxygenation of the blood

18

Decerebrate

In decerebrate posturing, the head is arched back, the arms are extended by the sides, and the legs are extended. A hallmark of decerebrate posturing is extended elbows. Decerebrate posturing indicates brain stem damage.

19

Decorticate

Patients with decorticate posturing present with the arms flexed, or bent inward on the chest, the hands are clenched into fists, and the legs extended and feet turned inward. Decorticate posturing indicates that there may be damage to areas including the cerebral hemispheres, the internal capsule, and the thalamus.

20

Dysuria

Painful or difficult urination

21

Ecchymosis

A discoloration of the skin resulting from bleeding underneath, typically caused by bruising

22

Edema

An excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body

23

Erythema

Superficial reddening of the skin, usually in patches, as a result of injury or irritation causing dilatation of the blood capillarie

24

Exophthalmos

Abnormal protrusion of the eyeball or eyeballs

25

Fissure

Split or crack to form a long narrow opening

26

Flaccid

A part of the body that is soft and hanging loosely or limply

27

Hematoma

A solid swelling of clotted blood within the tissues

28

Hyperthermia

The condition of having a body temperature greatly above normal

29

Hypospadias

A condition in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis, instead of at the tip

30

Hypothermia

The condition of having an abnormally low body temperature, typically one that is dangerously low