Unit 2 Terms-Joe Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Terms-Joe Deck (65):
1

Abdominal distention

Occurs when substances such as gas or fluid accumulate in the abdomen, causing its outward expansion beyond the normal girth of the stomach and waist

2

Abduction

To draw away from the midline of the body or from an adjacent part or limb

3

Acrocyanosis

Bluish or purple coloring of the hands and feet caused by slow circulation

4

Adduction

To draw inward toward the median axis of the body or toward an adjacent part or limb

5

Adventitious breath sounds

Abnormal sounds that are heard over a patient's lungs and airways, including fine and coarse crackles (rales), wheezes (rhonchi), pleural rubs and stridor

6

Alopecia

The partial or complete absence of hair from areas of the body where it normally grows; baldness

7

Ascites

The accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling

8

Ataxia

The loss of full control of bodily movements

9

Atrophy

Waste away, typically due to the degeneration of cells

10

Auscultation

The act of listening, either directly or through a stethoscope or other instrument, to sounds within the body as a method of diagnosis

11

Bowel Sounds (i.e.,hypoactive, normoactive, hyperactive)

A rumbling, growling or gurgling noise produced by movement of the contents of the gastro-intestinal tract as they are propelled through the small intestine by a series of muscle contractions called peristalsis

12

Cachectic

Weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness

13

Conjunctiva

Mucous membrane that covers the front of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids

14

Contusion

A region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured; a bruise

15

Crackles

Clicking, rattling, or crackling noises made by one or both lungs of a person with a respiratory disease during inhalation

16

Crepitus

A grating sound or sensation produced by friction between bone and cartilage or the fractured parts of a bone

17

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin resulting from poor circulation or inadequate oxygenation of the blood

18

Decerebrate

In decerebrate posturing, the head is arched back, the arms are extended by the sides, and the legs are extended. A hallmark of decerebrate posturing is extended elbows. Decerebrate posturing indicates brain stem damage.

19

Decorticate

Patients with decorticate posturing present with the arms flexed, or bent inward on the chest, the hands are clenched into fists, and the legs extended and feet turned inward. Decorticate posturing indicates that there may be damage to areas including the cerebral hemispheres, the internal capsule, and the thalamus.

20

Dysuria

Painful or difficult urination

21

Ecchymosis

A discoloration of the skin resulting from bleeding underneath, typically caused by bruising

22

Edema

An excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body

23

Erythema

Superficial reddening of the skin, usually in patches, as a result of injury or irritation causing dilatation of the blood capillarie

24

Exophthalmos

Abnormal protrusion of the eyeball or eyeballs

25

Fissure

Split or crack to form a long narrow opening

26

Flaccid

A part of the body that is soft and hanging loosely or limply

27

Hematoma

A solid swelling of clotted blood within the tissues

28

Hyperthermia

The condition of having a body temperature greatly above normal

29

Hypospadias

A condition in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis, instead of at the tip

30

Hypothermia

The condition of having an abnormally low body temperature, typically one that is dangerously low

31

Jaundice

Yellowish pigmentation of the skin, caused by too much bilirubin

32

Keloid

An area of irregular fibrous tissue formed at the site of a scar or injury

33

Kyphosis

An exaggerated rounding of the back

34

Murmur

A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound heard during a heartbeat

35

Nevus

Also known as a mole

36

Nocturia

The need to wake and pass urine at night

37

Normocephalic

Having a normal-sized head

38

Pallor

An unhealthy pale appearance

39

Palpation

The process of using one's hands to examine the body, especially while perceiving/diagnosing a disease or illness

40

Paraphimosis

An uncommon medical condition in which the foreskin of an uncircumcised penis becomes trapped behind the glans penis, and cannot be reduced (pulled back to its normal flaccid position covering the glans).

41

Petechiae

A small red or purple spot caused by bleeding into the skin

42

Phimosis

A congenital narrowing of the opening of the foreskin so that it cannot be retracted

43

Pleural Friction Rub

An audible medical sign present in some patients with pleurisy and other conditions affecting the chest cavity

44

Polydactyly

Extra fingers on the hands or toes on the feet

45

Pronation

Rotation of the hand or forearm so that the surface of the palm is facing downward or toward the back

46

Ptosis

Drooping of the upper eyelid due to paralysis or disease, or as a congenital condition

47

Purpura

A rash of purple spots on the skin caused by internal bleeding from small blood vessels

48

Pustule

A small blister or pimple on the skin containing pus

49

Rebound tenderness

Pain upon removal of pressure rather than application of pressure to the abdomen; Blumberg's sign

50

Retraction

When the area between the ribs and in the neck sinks in when a person with asthma attempts to inhale

51

Rhonchi

Coarse rattling respiratory sounds, usually caused by secretions in bronchial airways

52

S1S2

The two major sounds of the normal heart sound like lub dub""

53

Sclera

The white outer layer of the eyeball

54

Strabismus

A condition in which the visual axes of the eyes are not parallel and the eyes appear to be looking in different directions

55

Striae

Irregular areas of skin that look like bands, stripes, or lines

56

Stridor

A harsh vibrating noise when breathing, caused by obstruction of the windpipe or larynx

57

Supination

Rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces forward or upward

58

Tachypnea

Abnormally rapid breathing

59

Thrill

An abnormal fine tremor or vibration in the respiratory or circulatory systems felt on palpation

60

Tic

An involuntary, compulsive, rapid, repetitive, stereotyped movement or vocalization

61

Turgor

The state of turgidity and resulting rigidity of cells (or tissues), typically due to the absorption of fluid

62

Umbilicus

Navel or belly button

63

Vesicle

A fluid- or air-filled cavity or sac

64

Wheal

An area of the skin that is temporarily raised, typically reddened, and usually accompanied by itching

65

Wheeze

Breathing with a whistling or rattling sound in the chest, as a result of obstruction in the air passages