Flashcards in Exam 3 Notes Deck (78)
…: through psychoanalysis, unconscious conflict can be resolved and abnormal behaviors can be reduced or eliminated
psychoanalysis/ talk therapy
…: therapist/patient relationship leads to resolution of conflict and reduction of stress
results of therapy: …/… of abnormal behaviors
…: process where patient begins to respond to analyst as if he/she is some significant person in his/her life
….: when analyst begins to respond to patient as though they are a significant person in his/her life
…: unedited thought; saying whatever first comes to mind, some information will be divulged that's reflective of ...
free association; unconscious issues
…: unconscious conflicts would come through dream life, but they would be censored because they are too threatening --> interpreting true meaning of dream
royal road to the unconscious: ...
…: patient's attempt to avoid painful or embarrassing thoughts and feelings
mind defending/protecting itself as person gets too close to exposing unconscious conflict --> patient typically says they ...
resistance; don't need to return
advantage: sharing …, starting to realize that you're not alone
others: same issues, interaction, response
disadvantage: in groups, patient may be more … to speak up, or worse, may speak but be ….
cost; hesitant; dishonest
…: therapy with the family
family therapy based on the fact that the functional dynamics of the family are impacting not just the patient but also … --> a lot of times are healthy and the parents are more ...
the family at large; dysfunctional
…: predetermined number of sessions
it motivates the patient to try to move through the therapy more …, because some patients will keep coming without any progress --> time constraints would limit this issue
time-limited psychotherapy; quickly;
(Behavioral/learning approach) abnormal behavior is ...: function of …, …, …
learned; rewards; punishments; repetition
(Behavioral/learning approach) focus of treatment: ...of inappropriate behaviors and … appropriate ones
(Behavioral/learning approach) behaviorists primarily concerned with... --> opposed to .. because he was completely focused on unconscious processes
observable events; Freud
(Behavioral/learning approach) …: classical and operant conditioning
(Behavioral/learning approach) Behavior therapy:
…: setting up reward system and when person performs x amount of correct responses/behaviors, you earn a token, which can accumulate and be exchanged for something
Hope: once they start feeling good about their behavior, ...
token economies; tokens will no longer be needed
(Behavioral/learning approach) Behavior therapy:
…: slowly/gradually replace an undesired response with a more desired one --> based on belief that for any one stimulus there can only be ….
systematic desensitization; one response
(Behavioral/learning approach) …: reward desired responses, stop rewarding unwanted response
….: thrust patient into the situation that causes the fear, the sooner the patient experiences this stimulus, the sooner they will learn they have nothing to fear and phobia will go away a lot quicker
Risk: heightened levels of …, …
flooding/exposure; anxiety; panic
(Behavioral/learning approach) Classical conditioning:
…: clockwork orange, keep exposing person to a very aversive/harmful stimulus so that if they perform the behavior that you're trying to diminish, they … (the …)
aversive conditioning; remember what happened to them; aversive stimulus
(cognitive therapy) …: abnormal behavior is the result of incorrect beliefs.
(cognitive therapy) how can memories impact the person?
- each memory represents feelings, thoughts, images, physiological responses and when a memory is activated, so is the other information stored within the …
activation of one memory can … --> the activation of one unpleasant memory can cause the activation of other depressing or anxiety producing memories --> furthers levels of .../...
goal in therapy here is to ....
experience; activate other memories; anxiety; depression; change the incorrect belief system
(cognitive therapy) correcting incorrect beliefs how?
....: rebuilding person's beliefs
record thoughts when symptoms occur
consider beliefs as ..-not fact --> these can be changed
...: challenge existing belief
create new belief - eliminating symptoms
cognitive restructuring; cognitive behavioral therapy; hypothesis; test hypothesis
(cognitive therapy) study: treated people with depression - 3 groups:
Group 1: ... group
Group 2: ...
Group 3: ...
results: ... had better results than those with placebo
Cognitive = antidepressant (level of depression between these 2 groups was the same) --> not always true, as it depends on why the depression is there. If cause of depression is physiological, ... wouldn't work
(cognitive therapy) can incorrect beliefs explain all abnormal behaviors?
No --> example. ... --> person knows they are anxious, but do not know why
generalized anxiety disorder
(cognitive therapy) Medications:
Normalize ...: normalize dendrite/axon thing
is medication effective in all cases? can medication normalize all neurotransmission? NO
(cognitive therapy) treatment:
depression - ...
limitations of antidepressants:
treatment not ... --> just treating symptoms
delayed effect: ...-... weeks