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1

…: through psychoanalysis, unconscious conflict can be resolved and abnormal behaviors can be reduced or eliminated

psychoanalysis/ talk therapy

2

…: therapist/patient relationship leads to resolution of conflict and reduction of stress

therapeutic benefit

3

results of therapy: …/… of abnormal behaviors

reduction; elimination

4

…: process where patient begins to respond to analyst as if he/she is some significant person in his/her life

transference

5

….: when analyst begins to respond to patient as though they are a significant person in his/her life

counter-transference

6

…: unedited thought; saying whatever first comes to mind, some information will be divulged that's reflective of ...

free association; unconscious issues

7

…: unconscious conflicts would come through dream life, but they would be censored because they are too threatening --> interpreting true meaning of dream

dream interpretation

8

royal road to the unconscious: ...

dreams

9

…: patient's attempt to avoid painful or embarrassing thoughts and feelings
mind defending/protecting itself as person gets too close to exposing unconscious conflict --> patient typically says they ...

resistance; don't need to return

10

group therapy:
advantage: sharing …, starting to realize that you're not alone
others: same issues, interaction, response
disadvantage: in groups, patient may be more … to speak up, or worse, may speak but be ….

cost; hesitant; dishonest

11

…: therapy with the family

family therapy

12

family therapy based on the fact that the functional dynamics of the family are impacting not just the patient but also … --> a lot of times are healthy and the parents are more ...

the family at large; dysfunctional

13

…: predetermined number of sessions
it motivates the patient to try to move through the therapy more …, because some patients will keep coming without any progress --> time constraints would limit this issue

time-limited psychotherapy; quickly;

14

(Behavioral/learning approach) abnormal behavior is ...: function of …, …, …

learned; rewards; punishments; repetition

15

(Behavioral/learning approach) focus of treatment: ...of inappropriate behaviors and … appropriate ones

unlearning; learning

16

(Behavioral/learning approach) behaviorists primarily concerned with... --> opposed to .. because he was completely focused on unconscious processes

observable events; Freud

17

(Behavioral/learning approach) …: classical and operant conditioning

learning theories

18

(Behavioral/learning approach) Behavior therapy:
…: setting up reward system and when person performs x amount of correct responses/behaviors, you earn a token, which can accumulate and be exchanged for something
Hope: once they start feeling good about their behavior, ...

token economies; tokens will no longer be needed

19

(Behavioral/learning approach) Behavior therapy:
…: slowly/gradually replace an undesired response with a more desired one --> based on belief that for any one stimulus there can only be ….

systematic desensitization; one response

20

(Behavioral/learning approach) …: reward desired responses, stop rewarding unwanted response
Why? extinction

operant

21

(Behavioral/learning approach)
Classical conditioning:
….: thrust patient into the situation that causes the fear, the sooner the patient experiences this stimulus, the sooner they will learn they have nothing to fear and phobia will go away a lot quicker

Risk: heightened levels of …, …

flooding/exposure; anxiety; panic

22

(Behavioral/learning approach) Classical conditioning:

…: clockwork orange, keep exposing person to a very aversive/harmful stimulus so that if they perform the behavior that you're trying to diminish, they … (the …)

aversive conditioning; remember what happened to them; aversive stimulus

23

(cognitive therapy) …: abnormal behavior is the result of incorrect beliefs.

cognitive approach

24

(cognitive therapy) how can memories impact the person?
- each memory represents feelings, thoughts, images, physiological responses and when a memory is activated, so is the other information stored within the …
activation of one memory can … --> the activation of one unpleasant memory can cause the activation of other depressing or anxiety producing memories --> furthers levels of .../...
goal in therapy here is to ....

experience; activate other memories; anxiety; depression; change the incorrect belief system

25

(cognitive therapy) correcting incorrect beliefs how?
....: rebuilding person's beliefs
aka ...
record thoughts when symptoms occur
consider beliefs as ..-not fact --> these can be changed
...: challenge existing belief
create new belief - eliminating symptoms

cognitive restructuring; cognitive behavioral therapy; hypothesis; test hypothesis

26

(cognitive therapy) study: treated people with depression - 3 groups:

Group 1: ... group
Group 2: ...
Group 3: ...
results: ... had better results than those with placebo
Cognitive = antidepressant (level of depression between these 2 groups was the same) --> not always true, as it depends on why the depression is there. If cause of depression is physiological, ... wouldn't work

cognitive
antidepressant
placebo

cognitive
talk therapy

27

(cognitive therapy) can incorrect beliefs explain all abnormal behaviors?
No --> example. ... --> person knows they are anxious, but do not know why

generalized anxiety disorder

28

(cognitive therapy) Medications:
Normalize ...: normalize dendrite/axon thing

is medication effective in all cases? can medication normalize all neurotransmission? NO

neurotransmission

29

(cognitive therapy) treatment:
depression - ...
limitations of antidepressants:
treatment not ... --> just treating symptoms
delayed effect: ...-... weeks

antidepressants
cure
3-4

30

(cognitive therapy) antidepressants:

what about people with suicide ideation? these people can't wait for the 3-4 weeks--> might ... during this time frame

attempt/commit suicide