Exam 3- Types of bone Flashcards Preview

Anatomy And Physiology I > Exam 3- Types of bone > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3- Types of bone Deck (15):
1

Long bone

Humerus, femur

2

Short Bone

Carpals, tarsals

3

Flat bones

Scapula, plates of skull

4

Irregular bones

Vertebrae, coccyx

5

Sesamoid bones

patella

6

Diaphysis

Main shaft. Hollow, cylindrical shape, made of compact bone with yellow matter

7

Epiphyses

Both ends, bulbous shape, made of cancellous (spongy) bone, filled with red marrow. Epiphysial plate (growth place)

8

Articular Cartilage

Layer of hyaline cartilage that covers the articular surface of epiphyses

9

Medullary Cavity

Tubelike, hollow space in the diaphyses. Yellow marrow in adults

10

Periosteum

Dense, white fibrous connective tissue that covers bone.
Continuous with ligaments and tendons
contains osteoblasts and osteoclasts

11

Endosteum

thin, fibrous, membrane
lines the medullary cavity (diploid. ((between two bones)))

12

Parts of a flat bone

cancellous bone covered with compact bone
inner cancellous region called the diploe
covered by periosteum

13

Osteogenesis

Development of bone

14

Endochondral ossification

from cartilage to bone (mineralization)

15

Osteoblasts (development)

are clustered together in ossification center where they secrete matrix and collagenous fibrils