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Flashcards in Exam 4 Deck (52)
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1

What are vitamins

class of nutrients that is essential to the animal but must be supplied because the body cannot synthesize in adequate amounts

2

list 3 general functions of vitamin a

vison
bone health
reproductive health

3

how are vitamins classified; give examples of each

fat soluble: ADEK
water soluble: C B1 B2 B12

4

What is formiminoglutamic acid

the compound that is found in large amounts in the urine of folic acid & b12 deficient animals

5

What is THFA

tetrahydrofolic acid; active ingredient in folic acid

6

This animal requires dietary source of folic acid
-ruminant
-non-ruminant
-poultry

poultry

7

the function of this mineral and vitamin E is interrelated
-iodine
-copper
-selenium

Se

8

what is pellagra

a symptom from a deficiency of niacin in humans

9

active form of vitamin d3 is made in
-liver
-kidney
-thyroid

kidney

10

involved in protein/amino acid metabolism

b6

11

intrinsic factor

b12

12

pigeon breast

D

13

carotene

A

14

radiant energy

D

15

irreversible sterility

E

16

riboflavin

b2

17

phosphorylated in liver

b6

18

reversible sterility

A

19

thiamine

b1

20

prothrombin

K

21

White fat species

rats, sheep, goats, pigs
carotene not absorbed into blood stream but is converted to vitamin A in the intestinal wall

22

Yellow fat species

cows, horses
have considerable carotene in plasma, therefore only part of carotene in feed is converted to vitamin a in intestinal wall
plasma may be stored in liver and fatty tissues of body

23

this vitamin is involved in tryptophan metabolism
-b6
-riboflavin
-vit c

b6

24

what are the sources of vitamin K1 and K2
green veggies or microbial origin

K1: green veggies
K2: microbial origin

25

list 3 of 5 factors that could lead to pernicious anemia (addison's disease)

folic acid deficiency
lack of intrinsic factor
impaired intestinal absorption

26

the accumulation of pyruvate acid and lactic acid is caused by the deficiency of this vitamin
-vit a
-vit b1
-vit b6

B1

27

list 4 of 6 deficiency signs of b-complex vitamins

loss of appetite
poor growth
emaciation
dermatitis

28

your livestock is showing signs of pernicious anemia. based on what you were taught in ASC 378, this could be caused by more than one vitamin deficiencies. what are the likely vitamins that may be responsible for this and how would you determine (definitely) which of these 2 vitamins is actually deficient

which ones: b12, folic acid

blood tests

29

which of these minerals is necessary for proper vitamin b12 synthesis in sheep and cattle?

cobalt

30

early work on niacin grew out of observations of its affects in dogs and in humans. It was known to be related an an ill-balanced diet. It is characterized by 3D's as symptoms ad usually reported that the 3M's caused the 3D's. Name two of the M's and two of the D's

Meat; molasses; meal (corn)
Dermatitis; diarrhea; dementia