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Flashcards in Exam Errors Deck (125)
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1

Incremental validity

HIGH criterion-related validity coefficient

LOW selection ratio (lots of applicants for few positions)

MOD base rate (selection technique = moderately accurate)

2

Delirium vs psychosis

Delirium=Sx random, haphazard, rapid onset

Psychosis=Sx systematized

3

Ohio State U Behavior of leaders

Imitating structure (task-orientation)

Consideration (person-orientation)

4

MMPI scales

K - Korrection (defensiveness)

L - lie

F - inFrequency

5

Adult Attachment Interview

  • Autonomous = describes parent + or - and gives examples (Child --> secure)
  • Dismissing = describes parent + but no examples (Child --> avoidant)
  • Preoccupied = - or confused description, no examples (Child --> resistant
  • Unresolved/disorganized (Child -->disorganized/disoriented)

6

Cross' Black Racial ID Model

  1. Pre-encounter
  2. Encounter
  3. Immersion-Emersion
  4. Internalization

7

Fiedler's Contingency model

Characteristics of work situation (affect ability to lead)

Leader-member relations ***most important

Task structure Leaders position power

8

Transtheoretical model

  • Pre-contemplation: cons outweigh pros
  • Contemplation: " " "
  • Preparation: pros=cons
  • Action: pros outweigh cons
  • Maintenance: pros outweigh cons

9

Predictors of moving to next stage (Transtheoretical model)

Perception of self efficacy

Decisional balance (pros/cons)

10

BP vs ADHD

  • BP only:
    • Elation
    • Grandiosity
    • Flight of ideas
    • Reduced sleep
    • Hypersexuality
  • BOTH:
    • hyperactivity,
    • irritability,
    • distractibility,
    • accelerated speech

11

Conventional vs Realistic

Conventional: keeping records, org data, attention to detail, others' instructions

Realistic: technical, physical, mechanical, outdoor activities

12

Schizophrenia vs schizophreniform vs brief psychotic disorder

Time

13

Paired comparison technique

Measure of job performance All employees compared to each other in PAIRS

14

"The whole is greater than the sum of its parts" learning=perception of relationships among elements of a problem

Gestalt (Kohler)

15

Caplan mental health consultation

Case consultation (focus on consultee)

* client-centered = particular client

* consultee-centered=group or population Admin consultation (focus on administrators)

* program-centered=particular program

* consultee-centered=focus on admins

16

4 dopamine pathways

  • Mesolimbic -> motivation/emotion (high dopamine here=+Sx)
  • Mesocortical --> emotion/cognition (low dopamine here= -Sx)
  • Nigrostriatal --> motor Sx (Parkinson's)
  • Tuberoinfundibular -->hypothalamus/pituitary (prolactin & hormones)

17

Ridley model of paranoia

  • Nonparanoiacs - low culture, low functional
  • Functional paranoiacs--> psychopathology
  • Healthy cultural paranoiacs , low functiional, high cultural
  • Confluent paranoiacs ???

18

Super lifespan model of career development

  • Growth (4-13)
  • Exploration (14-24)
  • Establishment (25-44)
  • Maintenance (45-65)
  • Disengagement (65+)

19

Overregularization vs overextension

Over reg = grammar rules

tooths instead of teeth, goed instead of went

Over ext = uses word too broadly

20

Telegraphic vs holophrastic speech

Telegraphic = 2 words

Holophrastic = one word (means 'whole')

21

Option receptor antagonist Reduces alcohol cravings

Naltrexone

22

Efficacy vs effectiveness

Efficacy: clinical trials

Effectiveness: "real world" effects (correlational, quasi-experimental studies)

23

Papez' circuit

limbic system

24

IQ correlations among family

  • .18 -- adopted child with parent
  • .25 -- bio sibs reared apart
  • .40 -- parent and child
  • .68 -- identical twins reared apart
  • .80 -- identical twins reared together

25

Stress inoculation training

conceptualization: skills acquisition: application:

26

Q-sort technique

rank ordering descriptive statements about self

27

James-Lange theory

emotions are perceptions of bodily reactions body first, then emotions ("JAMES' great body made Jessica LANGE emotional")

28

Cannon-Bard theory

emphasis on brain emotions first, then body reacts

29

"gender schema theory"

Bem

30

OCD across cultures

same stats different content of obsessions and compulsions