Flashcards in Exam Two - PPT2 Deck (92)
Lumbar Gravity Line is creates by locating the center of _____ and dropping a line.
If the Lumbar Gravitational Line passes 1 cm in front of the tip of the sacrum to 1 cm posterior to tip of the sacrum, it is __________
If the Lumbar Gravitational Line falls forward of the sacrum, there is ________ _______ _________
Anterior weight bearing (discs)
If the Lumbar Gravitational Line falls behind, the lumbar spine has _________ __________ ___________.
Posterior weight bearing (Facets)
Predental space should be up to _______ in adults
Predental Space should be up to _______ in children
Increased distance of Predental Space may indicate...
Fracture of odontoid to transverse ligament injury
Atlas Dens Interval (ADI)
Cervical Gravitational Line is created by locating the center of the tip of the __________ __________, then dropping it.
Cervical Gravitational Line is normal if the line goes through ___________
Any part of the body of C-7 vertebra
Risser Sign AKA
Iliac Epiphysis Sign
Risser Sign checks for what?
Bone maturity (maturation)
Crest of Ilium begins maturing at the age of ______
Crest of the ilium maturation is complete in _____ years
Average 2 years
7months - 3.5 years
The whiter the part on the on the X-ray, the thicker or denser the structure is refered to as __________
The darker the part on the object, the less dense it is and is known as ___________
The 5 densities seen on X-rays
1) ______ -blackish
2) ______-Dark gray
3)_____ light gray
5)_____ bright white
The long upright pyramid is AKA _________, which extends from the tip of the odontoid process of C-2 to the inferior aspect of the vertebral body of L-5
1st general pyramid
The short inverted pyramid AKA _____ extends from the base of the sacrum to the tip of the coccyx
2nd general pyramid
Inside the first general pyramid there are ______ smaller pyramids
What are the three smaller pyramids that are inside the first general pyramid?
Upright pyramid- at tip of odontoid process to the bottom of T-1
Inverted pyramid- bottom of T-1 to the bottom of L-5
Upright pyramid- bottom of T-5 to the bottom of L-5
Together there are _____ total pyramids. _____ General and the ______ smaller ones
5; 2; 3
A _____ is a normal anterior to posterior bending of the spinal column
The foot may ______ or ______. This will affect the knees, hips and spine
Pronate (turn out) or Supinate (turn in)
What are the two types of curves in the spine?
Anterior and posterior curves
_______ curve that apexes or has the convexity toward the anterior (concavity toward the back)
________ curve that apexes or has the convexity toward the posterior (concavity faces front)
Anterior curves are AKA _________ curves
Posterior curves are AKA _________ curves
Lordotic curves (cervical and lumbar)
Kyphotic curves (Thoracic, sacral, coccyx)
At birth, the body has _____ curve
1 posterior C-shaped primary curve