Exercise 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exercise 1 Deck (79):
1

Pertaining to the anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs

abdominal

2

Pertaining to the point of the shoulder

acromial

3

Pertaining to the forearm

antebrachial

4

Pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow

antecubital

5

Pertaining to the armpit

axillary

6

Pertaining to the arm

brachial

7

Pertaining to the cheek

buccal

8

Pertaining to the wrist

carpal

9

Pertaining to the head

cephalic

10

Pertaining to the neck region

cervical

11

Pertaining to the hip

coxal

12

Pertaining to the leg

crural

13

Pertaining to the fingers or toes

digital

14

Pertaining to the thigh

femoral

15

Pertaining to the side of the leg

fibular (peroneal)

16

Pertaining to the forehead

frontal

17

Pertaining to the great toe

hallux

18

Pertaining to the groin

inguinal

19

Pertaining to the breast

mammary

20

Pertaining to the hand

manus

21

Pertaining to the chin

mental

22

Pertaining to the nose

nasal

23

Pertaining to the mouth

oral

24

Pertaining to the bony eye socket

orbital

25

Pertaining to the palm of the hand

palmar

26

Pertaining to the anterior knee (kneecap) region

patellar

27

Pertaining to the foot

pedal

28

Pertaining to the pelvis region

pelvic

29

Pertaining to the thumb

pollex

30

Pertaining to the genital region

pubic

31

Pertaining to the region of the breastbone

sternal

32

Pertaining to the ankle

tarsal

33

Pertaining to the chest

thoracic

34

Pertaining to the navel

umbilical

35

Pertaining to the heel of the foot

calcaneal

36

Pertaining to the back

dorsum

37

Pertaining to the buttocks or rump

gluteal

38

Pertaining to the area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin

lumbar

39

Pertaining to the posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull

occipital

40

Pertaining to the posterior aspect of the elbow

olecranal

41

Pertaining to the ear

otic

42

Pertaining to the region between the anus and external genitalia

perineal

43

Pertaining to the sole of the foot

plantar

44

Pertaining to the back of the knee

popliteal

45

Pertaining to the region between the hips (overlying the sacrum)

sacral

46

Pertaining to the scapula or shoulder blade area

scapular

47

Pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg

sural

48

Pertaining to the area of the spinal column

vertebral

49

above/below

superior/inferior

50

front/back

anterior/posterior

51

toward the midline/away from the midline

medial/lateral

52

toward the head/toward the tail

cranial/caudal

53

backside/belly side

dorsal/ventral

54

nearer the trunk or attached end/farther from the trunk or point of attachment

proximal/distal

55

toward or at the body surface/away from the body surface

superficial (external)/deep (internal)

56

A plane that runs longitudinally and divides the body into right and left parts

sagittal

57

A longitudinal plane that divides the body or organ into anterior and posterior parts

frontal plane (sometimes called coronal plane)

58

A plane that runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts. When organs are sectioned along the ____ plane, the sections are commonly called cross sections.

transverse plane

59

Cavity that is subdivided into the cranial cavity and the vertebral (spinal) cavity.

dorsal body cavity

60

Cavity that is subdivided into the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity

ventral body cavity

61

Thin, double-layered membrane that covers the walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surfaces of the organs it contains

serosa (serous membrane)

62

Part of the membrane lining the cavity walls of the ventral body cavity.

parietal serosa

63

Part of the membrane covering the external surface of the organs within the ventral body cavity.

visceral serosa

64

The serosa lining the abdominal cavity and covering its organs

peritoneum

65

The serosa enclosing the lungs

pleura

66

The serosa around the heart

pericardium

67

The centermost region of the abdominopelvic cavity which includes the umbilicus

umbilical region

68

Immediately superior to the umbilical region; overlies most of the stomach

epigastric region

69

Immediately inferior to the umbilical region; encompasses the pubic area

hypogastric region

70

Lateral to the hypogastric region and overlying the superior parts of the hip bones

iliac (inguinal) regions

71

Between the ribs and the flaring portions of the hip bones; lateral to the umbilical region

lumbar regions

72

Flanking the epigastric region laterally and overlying the lower ribs

hypochondriac regions

73

Cavity which contains the tongue and teeth. It is continuous with the rest of the digestive tube, which opens to the exterior at the anus.

oral cavity

74

Located within and posterior to the nose, this is part of the passages of the respiratory system

nasal cavity

75

Cavities in the skull that house the eyes and present them in the anterior position

orbital cavities

76

Cavities which lie medial to an eardrum and are carved into the bony skull. These cavities contain tiny bones that transmit sound vibrations to the organ of hearing in the inner ears.

middle ear cavities

77

Joint cavities that are enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround the freely movable joints of the body, such as those between the vertebrae and the knee and hip joints. Membranes in this cavity secrete a lubricating fluid that reduces friction as the enclosed structures move across one another.

synovial cavities

78

Relating to the head, neck, and trunk

axial

79

Relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis

appendicular