Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (250):
The largest cells in the body belong to what tissue type?
Which of these will never open onto a hair?
eccrine sweat gland
The potential to make adjustments is:
When atoms share an electron what type of bond is it called?
This is performed by microphages and macrophages to engulf bacteria and then destroy it.
A tissue that absorbs, filters, and protects would be called:
This is the most common place for an injection and the least specialised type of connective tissue:
areolar connective tissue
When the endocrine system controls your body through hormones what is it called?
Catalysts that start reactions within the body are called:
The process of destroying organelles is called:
Which of these structures will have hyaluron, proteoglycans, and interstitial fluid?
Belts, buttons, and hemidesmosomes are a type of:
What tissue type produces antiangiogenesis factor?
Physiology is only explainable in terms of the underlying:
This characteristic allows you to tell the top surface from the bottom surface in epithelial tissue:
The splitting of a cell that begins in late anaphase and ends in telophase is called:
Which of these causes the sensation of pain or labour contractions?
Unit of heredity, functional unit of life, and where growth occurs
Which of these is commonly exposed to the outside?
The first step in tissue repair is:
To put something into the body or mouth is called:
Which of these is not found in adults?
Mucous connective tissue, brown fat, and mesenchyme
Which of these cells are the largest?
Skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle: all are the same size
What is the most abundant high energy compound for cellular functions?
The layer of the basal lamina that is closer to the epithelium is:
Which process of interphase lasts the longest?
The absence of homeostasis will cause:
What nourishes cartilage?
Which of these is a dry membrane?
Which of these is the most abundant organic compound in the body?
Cells in a hypertonic solution will:
A gland that collects its product till it bursts is called:
Your nose is flexible because it is made out of this cartilage:
Mesothelium is specialised:
simple squamous epithelium
Which of these is not a membranous organelle?
True or false: All of the body's systems and organs operate at an optimal temperature of 98.6 F.
A nurse has to give you an injection into a vein. What field do you hope she is good in?
Where will you find stratified columnar epithelium?
Tissue repair that leads to scar tissue is called:
Tendons and ligaments are made of:
dense regular connective tissue
Which term does not belong?
You've cut yourself. What system will you rely on to stop the bleeding?
positive feedback loop
Which of these is not a requirement of life?
Which of these membranes produces transudate?
If someone said hemocyte what can you tell them?
dormant blood cell
If the blood's pH is below 7 what can happen?
coma and acidosis
A message from the receptor toward the control center will travel along what pathway?
Fibers that form a "net" around structures are called:
Building up process that results in storage of energy is called:
Which of these structures has the best chance for regeneration?
areolar connective tissue
Which of these conditions can you visually identify in a bow-legged child?
The most abundant epidermal cells are:
When you begin to stand what curvature will appear?
What connects lacunae to each other and to the osteon canal?
Bones that may form in the eyes are called:
What structure nourishes hair?
This is responsible for bone growth in diameter:
Which of these would not have a keratin component?
This consists of cancellous bone covered by compact bone:
How many cranial bone are there?
Which of these can be caused by syphilis?
How do flat bones grow?
Skin cancer that rapidly metastasizes and is deadly is:
Calcium salts deposited into material is called:
Which is not an irregular bone?
The last part of the sternum to fuse is the:
The integumentary system makes up an average ____ of the total body weight:
Which of these is not a function of bone?
Where would you find a bifid notch?
If you held your breath until you turned blue what would that be called?
What structure is formed first with endochondral ossification?
When sodium urate crystals form in the soft tissues of the joints it is called?
The suture between the occipital and parietal bones would be the:
What cells make acid phosphatase?
Blood deficiency over a bony projection can lead to:
What bone type has trabeculae?
What increases calcium in body fluids like blood?
Which pairing is incorrect?
Thoracic -- 11
Whose job is it to keep hair from drying out?
Which does not belong?
An exaggerated thoracic curvature is called:
The reticular layer is made of:
dense irregular connective tissue
Which of these is not a risk factor for osteoporosis?
vitamin C deficiency
What fontanel lasts until the age of 2?
Flat bones are also called:
Burns on the perineum represent what percentage of the body?
Which of these will not be found in every person?
Which of these has regional control?
merocrine sweat glands
Which of these is an autoimmune disease?
The sphenoid would be found in the?
What layer of the epidermis do cells stop dividing and start dying?
What pair of ribs will attach directly to the body of the sternum?
What do the bone building cells need for collagen synthesis?
Red hair is the result of a lot of what in the hair shaft?
Process of turning fibrous membranes into bone is called:
Which bone will serve as attachment in the neck for speech?
Which of these would be the least painful?
3rd degree burns
What makes up the "roof" of the vertebral arch?
Which of these is not a part of the integument?
These detect touch in the papillary layer:
The most flexible and weakest joint in the following group is the:
When describing bones using terms such as heavier, larger, robust, deeper, and more prominent markings would allow a researcher to determine:
Which of these is an autoimmune disease?
Conversion of lactic acid into glucose takes place in the:
Which of these will ossify when you start walking?
What is the weakest part of the skeleton?
What is released into the neuromuscular junction by the nerve?
Whose job is it to guard entrances and exits internally?
What is the most important stabilising factor for synovial joints?
A triad consists of a T tubule and:
Which of these is a part of the brachium?
Synostoses start out as what type of joints?
Electrolyte imbalances can cause:
Being able to function over a wide range of lengths is called:
Hitching a ride you would use your:
Which of these is not a function of synovial fluid?
stabilise the joint
Which of these will use a lot of ATP and will tire easily?
A neuron plus all the muscle fibers is stimulates is called:
You have bent your neck vertebrae in order to look at the clouds, what is this called?
Which of these could not be congenital?
carpal tunnel syndrome
Pouch like enfoldings in the membrane to hold calcium in smooth muscle are called:
A person that plays tennis would require what type of energy production?
At the anatomical position all major joints except the ankles are at full:
Which of these holds blood vessels, nerves, and small muscles?
lesser sciatic notch
Automaticity is a character of:
Incomplete relaxation after stimulation is:
To show someone your palms what motion would you do?
What is the only part of the os coxae to articulate with the axial skeleton?
Whose job is it to subdivide the synovial cavity?
What covers a fascicle?
A muscle that decreases in size is said to:
The clavicle articulates with the scapula at the:
The gelatinous core of intervertebral discs is called the:
Which of these can be affected by drugs or hormones?
visceral smooth muscle
You find a skeleton with the following characteristics: vertical forehead, coccyx that points posteriorly, smooth pelvis, unfused hyoid bone, and fusion of styloid process with the temporal bone. Give the age and sex.
In skeletal muscle contraction what will move tropomyosin from the binding site?
Which of these would not produce a strong contraction?
short muscle fibers
The joints between your fingers and wrist are:
Muscle fibers with large glycogen reserves and few mitochondria describe:
Type II-A fibers
Which of these structures will only have myosin present?
Smooth muscles have ___ as their regulatory protein.
Which of these is not a functional classification?
What is the best form in which a muscle stores energy?
When a muscle shortens but its tension remains the same it is called:
The bump distal to the knee is the:
The ability to be stretched is called:
The most common type of bursitis is:
Anchor points for thin myofilaments in smooth muscle are:
Which area would you not find Type I fibers?
Syndesmoses are a fibrous type of:
The restoration of resting membrane potential is called:
This is caused by retrograde flow bringing a virus that destroys the nerve cell bodies:
Which plexus area will you find no dorsal rami?
The most common levers in the body are:
What structure will have side branches called collaterals?
What is found directly below the lumbar enlargement?
Which of these neurons would be faster?
myelinated, four microns in diameter
An amplifying circuit would be an example of:
All muscle fibers within a fascicle are:
Proprioceptors are examples of:
Which of these tracts carries voluntary control of skeletal muscles?
If you need a G protein to link messengers it is called:
The first step in neural repair is:
A protrusion of the stomach into the thoracic cavity is called:
When the axon and dendrite are continuous and the cell body is to one side what type of neurons is that?
Simultaneous stimuli at multiple synapses causes:
Which of these is not a function of spinal fluid?
conduct neural transmissions
The patellar reflex is a:
Which of these will take less energy?
Action potentials are generated by:
"Extrinsic" in a muscle name would tell you:
When the presynaptic neuron synapses on a postsynaptic neuron that junction is called:
What cells direct neuron development in the embryonic brain?
The femoral nerve belongs to the:
A muscle that immobilises a bone of muscle origin is called:
Which does not belong?
Abdominal reflex is a:
Which of these is incapable of saltatory propagation?
Type C fibers
Tearing of the muscle with bleeding into the tissue is:
At rest there is more ___ on the outside of a nerve cell resulting in a ___ charge and more ____ in the inside resulting in a ____ charge.
Sodium, positive, potassium, negative
Functional group of neurons that integrate incoming information, process, and send it onward are called:
Which of these are speed levers?
Which of these is an inhibitory neurotransmitter only?
The ventral rami of T2-T12 join to form:
they do not join to form a plexus
Which statement is incorrect?
You lose 20%-60% of the muscle's performance by age 65
The sympathetic nervous system is part of the:
autonomic nervous system
Which of these is filled with cerebrospinal fluid?
Which of these is the type of control reflexes that control the same side affected?
Region of the skin served by a single pair of spinal nerves is called:
Which of these will not be found in a parallel muscle?
What is made of mostly neuron cell bodies and dendrites?
Which of these parts of a reflex arc will be found in the CNS?
When the sodium gates close and potassium gates open it is called?
relative refractory period
Where will you find somatic motor nuclei?
anterior gray horn
What body part acts as the fulcrum for movement?
Which of these conditions affects the arachnoid and pia mater?
What key part of a neuron has to remain intact for nerve repair to happen?
nerve cell body
What spinal nerve pairing is incorrect?
cervical -- 7
What makes the myelin sheath in the central nervous system?
This is the passive force caused by a concentration gradient:
What absorbs the CSF from the subarachnoid space?
When you are using your imagination what hemisphere are you using?
Which of these do not cross over?
posterior spinocerebellar tract
Which of these would not be a cholinergic synapse?
most sympathetic ganglionic neurons
Cerebellar folds are called:
What part of the thalamus produces the outward expression of rage and fear?
You are playing a musical instrument by reading a new score and you realise you are out of time. What part of the brain is not involved?
occipital association area
Which of these is phasic?
What drug will prevent you from drooling during surgery?
Which of these is not involved with the movement of the eyeball?
The telencephalon becomes:
What part of thebrain helps you to duck if a ball is coming at your head?
What part of the somatic nervous system is not located in the CNS?
upper motor neuron
What brain part will not affect the ANS?
You are planning a study session for the final. Where in your brain will this take place?
What allows communication between different parts of the same hemisphere?
Awareness of a stimuli is called:
Which of these would not be the result of stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system?
increased gastric motility
As you watch TV you see and recognise your favourite actor. What part of the brain are you using?
occipital association area
What type of sensory pathway part is in the thalamus?
third order neuron
What helps explain referred pain?
What is the second most common disorder?
What type of receptors cause thermogenesis in infants?
What structure tells your arms to stop swinging when you stop walking?
Tracts leaving the basal nuclei usually have a(n) ____ effect on upper motor neurons.
Which collateral ganglion goes to the kidneys?
inferior mesenteric ganglion
What structure is responsible for your ability to lick an ice cream cone?
Where will you find the nerve cell bodies of the preganglionic neurons?
Conversion of short term memory into long term memory is called:
Which of these could not indicate a problem with the hypothalamus?
Chronic binge eating or drinking
Sympathetic division is also known as the:
Damage to the primary visual area will result in:
Pain is picked up by:
The reticular activating system is used to maintain:
Which does not belong?
Which of these areas is separated by a circular sulcus?
Island of Reil
When conscious awareness of a stimulus disappears it is called:
Which statement is false?
somatic motor division have ganglion
You are watching a sad movie and your friend is crying. What part of the brain is overriding the logic that it is only a movie?
What separates the hemispheres of the cerebellum from those of the cerebrum?
The most important nerve of the parasympathetic division is the:
Which tract starts at the superior and inferior colliculi?
You have to verbally respond to someone's speech. What two parts will you use?
parietal association area and Broca's speech area
Which of these is always stimulatory?
What type of receptor does not adapt?
In a recent movie an actress was unable to store new memories but could remember everything before her accident. What problem did she have?
Which of these is prevented from entering the brain because of the blood-brain barrier?
What type of synapse will be inactivated by monoamine oxidase?
Which statement is not true about the medulla oblongata?
It contains the pneumotaxic and apneustic areas.