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Flashcards in Practical 1 Deck (112):
1

Skin damage: Compound

Breaks skin

2

Skin damage: Simple

Skin intact

3

Pertaining to the anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs

abdominal

4

Skin damage: Closed reduction

Repair a fracture by manipulation

5

Pertaining to the point of the shoulder

acromial

6

Skin damage: Open reduction

Surgery needed to repair fracture

7

Pertaining to the forearm

antebrachial

8

Incomplete fracture: Greenstick

Broken only on one side,"chipped or splintered"

9

Pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow

antecubital

10

Incomplete fracture: Fissured

Partially split linearly, "cracked"

11

Pertaining to the armpit

axillary

12

Complete fracture: Transverse

90 degrees to bone

13

Pertaining to the arm

brachial

14

Complete fracture: Oblique

Diagonal to bone

15

Pertaining to the cheek

buccal

16

Complete fracture: Spiral

Spiral diagonal and twisted

17

Pertaining to the wrist

carpal

18

Complete fracture: Segmental

A piece broken out of diaphysis

19

Pertaining to the head

cephalic

20

Complete fracture: Comminuted

Several pieces broken out of diaphysis, "shattered"

21

Pertaining to the neck region

cervical

22

Complete fracture: Compact

Bone jammed into another bone

23

Pertaining to the hip

coxal

24

Complete fracture: Colles'

Radius/ulna, usually transverse

25

Pertaining to the leg

crural

26

Complete fracture: Pott's

Fibula/tibia, usually transverse

27

Pertaining to the fingers or toes

digital

28

Pertaining to the thigh

femoral

29

Pertaining to the side of the leg

fibular (peroneal)

30

Pertaining to the forehead

frontal

31

Pertaining to the great toe

hallux

32

Pertaining to the groin

inguinal

33

Pertaining to the breast

mammary

34

Pertaining to the hand

manus

35

Pertaining to the chin

mental

36

Pertaining to the nose

nasal

37

Pertaining to the mouth

oral

38

Pertaining to the bony eye socket

orbital

39

Pertaining to the palm of the hand

palmar

40

Pertaining to the anterior knee (kneecap) region

patellar

41

Pertaining to the foot

pedal

42

Pertaining to the pelvis region

pelvic

43

Pertaining to the thumb

pollex

44

Pertaining to the genital region

pubic

45

Pertaining to the region of the breastbone

sternal

46

Pertaining to the ankle

tarsal

47

Pertaining to the chest

thoracic

48

Pertaining to the navel

umbilical

49

Pertaining to the heel of the foot

calcaneal

50

Pertaining to the back

dorsum

51

Pertaining to the buttocks or rump

gluteal

52

Pertaining to the area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin

lumbar

53

Pertaining to the posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull

occipital

54

Pertaining to the posterior aspect of the elbow

olecranal

55

Pertaining to the ear

otic

56

Pertaining to the region between the anus and external genitalia

perineal

57

Pertaining to the sole of the foot

plantar

58

Pertaining to the back of the knee

popliteal

59

Pertaining to the region between the hips

sacral

60

Pertaining to the scapula or shoulder blade area

scapular

61

Pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg

sural

62

Pertaining to the area of the spinal column

vertebral

63

above/below

superior/inferior

64

front/back

anterior/posterior

65

toward the midline/away from the midline

medial/lateral

66

toward the head/toward the tail

cranial/caudal

67

backside/belly side

dorsal/ventral

68

nearer the trunk or attached end/farther from the trunk or point of attachment

proximal/distal

69

toward or at the body surface/away from the body surface

superficial (external)/deep (internal)

70

A plane that runs longitudinally and divides the body into right and left parts

sagittal

71

A longitudinal plane that divides the body or organ into anterior and posterior parts

frontal plane (sometimes called coronal plane)

72

A plane that runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts. When organs are sectioned along the ____ plane, the sections are commonly called cross sections.

transverse plane

73

Cavity that is subdivided into the cranial cavity and the vertebral (spinal) cavity.

dorsal body cavity

74

Cavity that is subdivided into the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity

ventral body cavity

75

Thin, double-layered membrane that covers the walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surfaces of the organs it contains

serosa (serous membrane)

76

Part of the membrane lining the cavity walls of the ventral body cavity.

parietal serosa

77

Part of the membrane covering the external surface of the organs within the ventral body cavity.

visceral serosa

78

The serosa lining the abdominal cavity and covering its organs

peritoneum

79

The serosa enclosing the lungs

pleura

80

The serosa around the heart

pericardium

81

The centermost region of the abdominopelvic cavity which includes the umbilicus

umbilical region

82

Immediately superior to the umbilical region; overlies most of the stomach

epigastric region

83

Immediately inferior to the umbilical region; encompasses the pubic area

hypogastric region

84

Lateral to the hypogastric region and overlying the superior parts of the hip bones

iliac (inguinal) regions

85

Between the ribs and the flaring portions of the hip bones; lateral to the umbilical region

lumbar regions

86

Flanking the epigastric region laterally and overlying the lower ribs

hypochondriac regions

87

Cavity which contains the tongue and teeth. It is continuous with the rest of the digestive tube, which opens to the exterior at the anus.

oral cavity

88

Located within and posterior to the nose, this is part of the passages of the respiratory system

nasal cavity

89

Cavities in the skull that house the eyes and present them in the anterior position

orbital cavities

90

Cavities which lie medial to an eardrum and are carved into the bony skull. These cavities contain tiny bones that transmit sound vibrations to the organ of hearing in the inner ears.

middle ear cavities

91

Joint cavities that are enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround the freely movable joints of the body, such as those between the vertebrae and the knee and hip joints. Membranes in this cavity secrete a lubricating fluid that reduces friction as the enclosed structures move across one another.

synovial cavities

92

Relating to the head, neck, and trunk

axial

93

Relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis

appendicular

94

Large rounded projection; may be roughened

tuberosity

95

Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent

crest

96

Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process

trochanter

97

Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest

line

98

Small rounded projection or process

tubercle

99

Raised area on or above a condyle

epicondyle

100

Sharp, slender, often pointed projection

spine

101

Any bony prominence

process

102

Bony expansion carried on a narrow neck

head

103

Smooth, nearly flat articular surface

facet

104

Rounded articular projection

condyle

105

Armlike bar of bone

ramus

106

Furrow

groove

107

Narrow, slitlike opening

fissure

108

Round or oval opening through a bone

foramen

109

Indentation at the edge of a structure

notch

110

Canal-like passageway

meatus

111

Bone cavity, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane

sinus

112

Shallow basinlike despression in a bone, oten serving as an articular surface

fossa