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Flashcards in Existential Therapy Deck (31)
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being in the world

examining oneself, others, and one's relationship with the world thus attaining higher levels of consciousness


boundary situation

An urgent experience that compels an individual to deal with an existential situation



Being aware of oneself and how we relate to others. ONe's own world, subjective, inner experience



a positive term that is a sense of connection or fondest that develops when people experience a moment in the say way. Existential connectedness



critical point where a disease gets better or worse. In psychotherapy it refers to the appropriate timing of a therapeutic intervention



A way in which individuals relate to the world by interacting social with others. Focus of human relationships


neurotic anxiety

anxiety that is out of proportion to a particular event. An indication that an individual is not living authentically


Normal Anxiety

anxiety arising from the nature of being human and dealing with unforeseen forces. it is appropriate to the situation, not usually repressed, and provides an opportunity to confront existential dilemmas


resistance (existential)

Not taking responsibility for one's own life, not being aware of feelings or being alienated. Essentially not being authentic



going beyond one's immediate situation to understand one's being and take responsibility for that being. Going beyond one's own needs to take responsibility for others, see the world in different ways


thrown condition

unforeseen forces or events in the world that one does not cause



relating to the environment and the living things in it. Biological and physical aspects of the world



religious or speituatyl beliefs about the ideal world, the way the individual wants the world to be


dereflection (Frankl)

A technique in which clients focus away from their problems instead of on them two reduce anxiety


logotherapy (Frankl)

A type of existential therapy that focuses on challenging clients to search for meaning in their lives. Associated with attitude modulation, dereflection, paradoxical intention, socratic dialogue


attitude modulation (Frankl)

A technique used to change motivations from anxious ones to healthy ones by questioning the client's rationale and by removing obstacles that interfere with being responsible


authenticity (existential)

Being genuine and real as well as aware of one's existence, authentic individuals deal with moral choices, the meaning of life, and being human.


existential anxiety

a subset of normal anxiety. Individuals must confront the world around them, deal with unforeseen forces and develop a place in the world


Freedom (existentialism)

To be truly free individuals must confront the limits of their own destiny. The EX therapist sees freedom as a n opportunity to change.


Responsiblity (existentialism)

owning one's own choices and dealing honestly with freedom


bad faith (existentialism)

individuals are finite and limited, blaming someone else father problems and not examine one's own limitations


willing (existentialism)

the process by which responsibility is turned into action. Two aspects... wishing and deciding


Goal of Alderlian Psychotherapy

authenticity. Clients must find the purpose of their existence and pursue it. A sense of aliveness comes when the client sees life with interest imagination, creativity, hope joy rather than dread boredom hate and biorgory


therapeutic love

a special I-thou relationship, a loving friendship that is non reciprocal. The client may experience the therapist in anyway but the therapist strives to develop a genuine caring encounter that does not encumber the client's growth with the therapists personal needs


resistance (existintialism)

when a client does not take responsibility, is alienated, not aware of feelings, or otherwise inauthentic in dealing with life. Rarely directed at therapists but a way of dealing with overwhelming threats, an inaccurate view of the world or self


transference (existentialism)

The therapist focuses on what happens in therapy in the person rather than attending to unconscious content as the psychoanalyst would


Four steps of Logotherapy

attitude modulation, dereflection, paradoxical intention, socratic dialogue


paradoxical intention

patient increase their symptom so attention is diverted from them by having them seen with less concern and maybe humor.


socratic dialogue

main technique of logo therapy it is a series of questions that help clients arrive at conclusions about beliefs or hypotheses, guided in part by therapist perceptions of the client’s misunderstandings.


I-thou (Buber)

There is never just an I, there is also a thou if the person is treated as an individual. If they are treated as an object it becomes I-it