self- actualization (Goldsttein)
individuals seek and are capable of healthy development which leads two a full expression of themselves.
the positive/optamistic view of humanity
Roger’s view of congruence and psychological maturity
openness, creativity, responsibility, not defensive but open to new experiences without controlling them.
goal of therapy (Person Centered)
individuals should be congruent, self-accepting person by being more aware of their own experiences and growth
psychological change is brought on by…
genuine, accepting and empathetic relationships, a therapist should be non directive. Goals come from the client, not the therapist.
Assessment in Person Centered Therapy
Has little or no place, assessment takes place as he therapist empathically understands the person and need of his client
very important. Therapists should not direct their clients, they should reflect their experiences rather than asking questions or making suggestions.
Necessary Conditions for Client Change
1) Psychological Contact (being with a client
2) Incongruence between PT experience of himself and reality.
3) Congruence and Genuiness in the therapeutic relationship 4) Unconditional positive regard and acceptance
6) Perception of empathy and acceptance
The Client’s Experience in Therapy
1) Experiencing Responsibility
2) Experiencing the Therapist
3) Experiencing the Process of Exploration
4) Experiencing the Self
5) Experiencing Change
the client learns they are responsible for themselves, but in the relationship and more broadly.
Experiencing the therapist
Eventually the client appreciates the empathy and non conditional positive regard fo the therapist. The experience of being truly cared for assists clients in caring more deeply for themselves and others
Experiencing the process of exploration
the caring and empathy of the therapist allows the client to explore fearful or anxiety producing experiences. This allows client to change and develop
Experiencing the Self
With Self-exploration comes the realization the the deepest layers of personality are forward-moving and realistic. Negative turns into positive. They become who they are
As the client directs therapy they will eventually become more ore less their own therapist and cease the relationship.
Results of Person Centered Therapy
Move from not expressing feelings or taking responsibility to doing so, the become more internally congruent (aware of their own feelings), people see how hey have contributed to their own problems and cease blaming others, the relate to others with greater warmth and confidence. Their views are less rigid
Difference between client therapy and person centered herapy
clienttt therapy usually is playing with toys and the client is sympathetic to nonverbal behavior
brief therapy in Person Centered therapy
the client mostly determines not only the pass but the length of therapy and the termination. In general PC therapists do not use a brief therapy model
accepting clients for you they are without valuing or judging them
conditional positive regard
receiving praise, attention or approval from others as a result of behaving in accordance with their expectations
the harmony hat takes place when there is no disagreement between individuals excperiences and heir views of themselves. (opposite: Incongruence)
fully functioning person (Rogers)
a person who meets their own need for positive regard rather than relying on the expectations of others. Open to new experiences and no defensive.
similar to congruence, genuineness in the therapist is being one’s actual self with the client, not phony or affected
encounter group (Rogers)
a group designed o promote constructive insight, sensitive to others, and facilitate personal growth. The leader facilitates the interactions of members
unconditional positive regard
accepting and appreciating clients as they are regardless of whether the therapist agrees with the person. Not contingent on acting in a specific way. Appreciating clients for being themselves
Short term approach to psychotherapy (Bugental)
2) Identify the Concern
3) teaching the searing process
4) Identifying Resistance
5) Therapeutic work