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Flashcards in Eye Deck (25):
0

Central symmetric extrusion
Graves optic glioma

Axial Proptosis

1

Eccentrically pushes eyeball
Neoplastic

Positional proptosis

2

Submucosal fibrovascular CT that migrates to cornea

Pterygium

3

Yellowish submucosal elevation that does not invade cornea
Saucer like corneal depression

Dellen

Pingueculum

4

Optical tyndall effect allowing choroid visualization
Osteogenesis imperfecta

RA

Blue sclera

Necrotizing scleritis

5

Causes of keratitis

Herpes simplex
Herpes zoster
Acanthomoeba

6

Accumulation of urochrome pigment distorting color perception

Nuclear sclerosis

7

Inc resistance to aqueous outflow

Open angle glaucoma

8

Peripheral zone of iris adheres to trabecular meshwork

Angle closure glaucoma

9

Characteristic optic nerve and visual field changes without inc IOP

Normal pressure glaucoma

10

Mutton fat keratic precipitates in anterior segment
Candle wax drippings in posterior segment

Granulomatous uveitis
Sarcoidosis

11

Granulomatous reaction in contralateral eye
Trauma on affected eye

Sympathetic ophthalmia

12

Glaucoma drugs
Dec aqueous humor synthesis

Alpha agonists
Beta blockers
Diuretics

13

Glaucoma drugs
Inc outflow/open meshwork

Direct: cholinomimetics
Indirect: Ach inhibitors
Prostaglandin

14

Arteriosclerosis
Copper/silver wiring
Cotton wool spots
Focal choroidal infarcts: elschnig pearls

Hpn retinopathy

15

Neovascularization

DM retinopathy

16

Fragments lodged in retinal circulation
Cherry red spot

Hollenhorst plaques
CRAO

17

Leading cause of irreversible blindness in the developed world
Oxidative stress

Age related macular degeneration

18

Yellow deposits in macula
Choroidal neovascularization

Drusen

Age related macular degeneration

19

Apoptosis of rods and cones
Waxy pallor of the optic disk

Retinitis pigmentosa

20

Early night blindness
Dec central VA
Refsum disease

Retinitis pigmentosa

21

Most common primary intraocular malignancy in pedia

Retinoblastoma
Leukocoria

22

flexner wintersteiner rosettes

Retinoblastoma

23

Bupthalmos
Megalocornea
Staphyloma: uveal tissue may line ectatic sclera

Glaucoma

24

MCC of demyelination of optic nerve

MS
Ethambutol
Optic neuritis