FA Classic-Relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

First Aid Rapid Review > FA Classic-Relevant Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in FA Classic-Relevant Treatments Deck (88)
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1
Q

Absence seizures

A

Ethosuximide

2
Q

Acute Gout Attack

A

NSAIDs, colchicine, glucocorticoids

3
Q

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

A

All-trans retinoic acid

4
Q

ADHD

A

Methylphenidate, CBT, atomoxetine, guanfacine, clonidine

5
Q

Alcoholism

A

Disulfiram, acamprosate, naltrexone, supportive care

6
Q

Alcohol withdrawal

A

Long-acting benzodiazepines

7
Q

Anorexia

A

Nutrition, psychotherapy, mirtazapine

8
Q

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

A

Class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine)

9
Q

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

A

alpha1-antagonists, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, PDE-5 inhibitors

10
Q

Bipolar disorder

A

Mood stabilizers (eg. lithium, valproic acid, carbamazepine), typical antipsychotics

11
Q

Breast cancer in postmenopausal women

A

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

12
Q

Beurger disease

A

Smoking cessation

13
Q

Bulimia nervosa

A

SSRIs

14
Q

Candida albicans

A

Topical azoles (vaginitis); nystatin, fluconazole, caspofungin (oral/esophageal); fluconazole, caspofungin, amphoteracin B (systemic)

15
Q

Carcinoid syndrome

A

Octreotide

16
Q

Chlamydia trachomatis

A

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

17
Q

Chronic gout

A

Xanthine oxidase inhibitors (eg. allopurinol, febuxostat); pegloticase; probenecid

18
Q

Chronic hepatitis B or C

A

IFN-alpha (HBV and HCV); ribavirin, simeprevir, sofosbuvir (HCV)

19
Q

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

A

Imatinib

20
Q

Clostridium botulinum

A

Antitoxin

21
Q

C. difficile

A

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

22
Q

C. tetani

A

Antitoxin

23
Q

CMV

A

Ganciclovir, foscarnet, cidofovir

24
Q

Crohn disease

A

Corticosteroids, infliximab, azathioprine

25
Q

Cryptococcus neoformans

A

Fluconazole (in AIDS patients)

26
Q

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

A

Mesna

27
Q

Depression

A

SSRIs (first line)

28
Q

Diabetes insipidus

A

Desmopressin (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)

29
Q

Diabetes mellitus type 1

A

Dietary intervention (low carbohydrate) + insulin replacement

30
Q

Diabetes mellitus type 2

A

Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemics, and insulin (if refractory)

31
Q

Diabetic ketoacidosis

A

Fluids, insulin, K+

32
Q

Drug of choice for anticoagulation during pregnancy

A

Heparin

33
Q

Enterococci

A

Vancomycin, aminopenicillins/cephalosporins

34
Q

Erectile dysfunction

A

Sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil

35
Q

ER (+) breast cancer

A

Tamoxifen

36
Q

Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication

A

Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)

37
Q

H. influenzae (B)

A

Rifampin (prophylaxis)

38
Q

Generalized anxiety disorder

A

SSRIs, SNRIs (first line); buspirone (second line)

39
Q

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener)

A

Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids

40
Q

Heparin reversal

A

Protamine sulfate

41
Q

HER2/neu (+) breast cancer

A

Trastuzumab

42
Q

Hyperaldosteronism

A

Spironolactone

43
Q

Hypercholesterolemia

A

Statin (first line)

44
Q

Hypertriglyceridemia

A

Fibrate

45
Q

Immediate anticoagulation

A

Heparin

46
Q

Infertility

A

Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsitile), clomiphene

47
Q

Influenza

A

Oseltamivir, zanamivir

48
Q

Kawasaki disease

A

IVIG, high dose aspirin

49
Q

Legionella pneumophila

A

Macrolide

50
Q

Long term anticoagulation

A

Warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban

51
Q

Malaria

A

Chloroquine, mefloquine, atovaquone/proguanil (for blood schizont), primaquine for liver hypnozoite)

52
Q

Malignant hyperthermia

A

Dantrolene

53
Q

Medical abortion

A

Mifepristone

54
Q

Migraine

A

Abortive therapies (eg. sumatriptan, NSAIDS), prophylaxis (eg. propranolol, topiramate, CCBs, amitriptyline)

55
Q

Multiple sclerosis

A

Disease-modifying therapies (eg. B-interferon, natalizumab); for acute flares, use IV steroids

56
Q

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

A

RIPE (rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethambutol)

57
Q

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

A

Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent C. trochomatis)

58
Q

Neisseria meningitidis

A

Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)

59
Q

Neural tube defect prevention

A

Prenatal folic acid

60
Q

Osteomalacia/rickets

A

Vitamin D supplementation

61
Q

Osteoporosis

A

Calcium/vitamin D supplementation (prophylaxis); bisphosphonates, PTH analogs, SERMs, calcitonin, denosumab (treatment)

62
Q

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

A

Close: indomethacin

63
Q

Pheochromocytoma

A

alpha-antagonists (eg. phenoxybenzamine)

64
Q

Pneumocystis jirovecii

A

TMP-SMX (prophylaxis and treatment in immunocompromised patients)

65
Q

Prolactinoma

A

Cabergoline/bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)

66
Q

Prostate adenocarcinoma/uterine fibrinoids

A

Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)

67
Q

Prostate adenocarcinoma

A

Flutamide

68
Q

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

A

Anti-pseudomonal penicillins, aminoglycosides, carbapenems

69
Q

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (idiopathic)

A

Sildenafil, bosentan, epoprostenol

70
Q

Rickettsia rickettsii

A

Doxycycline, chloramphenicol

71
Q

Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)

A

Atypical antipsychotics

72
Q

Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)

A

Typical and atypical antipsychotics

73
Q

SIADH

A

Fluid restriction, IV hypertonic saline, conivaptan/tolvaptan, demeclocycline

74
Q

Sickle cell disease

A

Hydroxyurea (increases fetal hemoglobin)

75
Q

Sporothrix schenckii

A

Itraconazole, oral potassium iodide

76
Q

Stable angina

A

Sublingual nitroglycerin

77
Q

S. aureus

A

MSSA: nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin (antistaphylococcal penicillins)

78
Q

Streptococcus bovis

A

Penicillin prophylaxis; evaluation for colon cancer if linked to endocarditis

79
Q

Streptococcus pneumoniae

A

Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia), vancomycin (meningitis)

80
Q

Temporal arteritis

A

High-dose steroids

81
Q

Tonic-clonic seizures

A

Levetiracetam, phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine

82
Q

Toxoplasma gondii

A

Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine

83
Q

Treponema pallidum

A

Penicillin

84
Q

Trichomonas vaginalis

A

Metronidazole (patient and partner)

85
Q

Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux)

A

Carbamazepine

86
Q

Ulcerative colitis

A

5-ASA preparations (eg. mesalamine), 6-mercaptopurine, infliximab, colectomy

87
Q

UTI prophylaxis

A

TMP-SMX

88
Q

Warfarin reversal

A

Fresh frozen plasma (acute), vitamin K (non-acute)